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OPS 571 Week 6 Quiz

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Week 6 Quiz (All Answers are correct)

1)  A bottleneck in a manufacturing process may be targeted and eliminated by employing which of the following?

 

  • Increase the capacity of a nonbottleneck resource.
  • Install more efficient equipment where capacity is less than the demand.
  • Increase labor equally throughout the system.
  • Increase the idle time of a capacity-constrained resource in the system.

 

2) The Shingo approach to quality control depends on which of the following?

 

  • Extensive use of control charts
  • Use of source inspection on 100% of the items produced
  • Use of statistically based approaches to quality control
  • Use of a sophisticated method of acceptance sampling

3) According to the theory of constraints which of the following can be a CCR?

·         An employee

  • Product design
  • Factory layout

·         A customer

4) According to the theory of constraints, which of the following is an OPERATIONAL measurement that can be used to measure the firm's ability to make money?

  • Inventory
  • Unit cost
  • Operating revenue

·         Net Profit

5) Which of the following is a focusing step of Dr. Eli Goldratt's theory of constraints? 

  • Isolate constraints to reduce the constraint’s capacity.
  • Do not modify a process after improvement of a constraint is achieved.
  • Identify system constraints that prevent the system from achieving its goal.

·         Align the whole system to support processes prior to the constraint.

6) Identifying critical-to-quality characteristics (CTQs) takes place in which step of the DMAIC methodology?

  • Analyze
  • Define
  • Measure
  • Improve

 

7) According to the theory of constraints, which of the following would be included in the Throughput operational measurement?

  • Goods sold
  • Raw materials
  • Work in process
  • Finished goods

 

8) The Shingo system of quality control relies heavily on fail-safe procedures or devices called what?

  • CTQs
  • Poka-yokes
  • DPMO’s

·         Checklists

9) Goldratt’s theory of constraints (TOC) could be restated using which of the following?

·         Continuous adjustments after a constraint problem is solved will cause more problems

  • A system constraint cannot be identified and thus cannot be improved

·         Any system is limited in achieving more of its goals by a very small number of constraints

·         A system with constraints will not be able to achieve its goals

10) Which of the following are examples of Goldratt’s Rules of Production Scheduling?

·         Nonbottlenecks govern throughput

  • Utilization and activation are the same
  • An hour saved at a bottleneck is a mirage

·         Balance flow, not capacity

11) The DMAIC cycle of Six Sigma is similar to which of the following quality management topics?

  • Continuous improvement
  • ISO 9000
  • SERQUAL

·         External benchmarking

12) Statistical Process Control (SPC) and data from the actual process to statistically monitor the process over time are employed during which step of the DMAIC cycle?

  • Improve
  • Define
  • Control
  • Measure

 

 

13) The idea that statistical methods of quality control, including six-sigma, does not prevent defects, is central to what alternative quality system?

  • Shingo System
  • SQC methods
  • Deming PDCA cycle
  • DMAIC cycle

14) According to Goldratt, which of the following is defined as “any resource whose capacity is less than the demand placed on it”?

  • Capacity-constrained resource
  • Buffer resource
  • Bottleneck resource
  • Nonbottleneck resource

15) According to the theory of constraints which of the following is a FINANCIAL measurement that can be used to measure the firm's ability to make money? 

 

  • Inventory
  • Sales
  • Operating expenses
  • Cash flow

 

 

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