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NURS 6501 Week 1 Quiz to NURS 6501 Week 11 Quiz(Latest):Advanced Pathophysiology:Walden University

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NURS 6501 Week 1 Quiz, NURS 6501 Week 2,  NURS 6501 Week 3, NURS 6501 Week 4,    NURS 6501 Week 5, NURS 6501 Week 6,  NURS 6501 Week 7, NURS 6501 Week 8, NURS 6501 Week 9, NURS 6501 Week 10, NURS 6501 Week 11 Quiz(Latest): Walden University

 

 

NURS 6501 Week 1 Quiz / NURS6501 Week 1 Quiz (Latest): Advanced Pathophysiology -Walden University


    •         Question 1
A cell is isolated, and electrophysiology studies reveal that the resting membrane potential is ?70 millivolts. The predominant intracellular ion is Na+, and the predominant extracellular ion is K+. With voltage change, which of the following would result in an action potential?
•         Question 2
When a patient asks what causes cystic fibrosis, how should the nurse respond? Cystic fibrosis is caused by an _____ gene.
•         Question 3
What is the diagnosis of a 13-year-old female who has a karyotype that reveals an absent homologous X chromosome with only a single X chromosome present? Her features include a short stature, widely spaced nipples, reduced carrying angle at the elbow, and sparse body hair.

Question 4
How are potassium and sodium transported across plasma membranes?
•         Question 5
The ion transporter that moves Na+ and Ca2+ simultaneously in the same direction is an example of which of the following types of transport?
•         Question 6
An aide asks the nurse why people who have neurofibromatosis will show varying degrees of the disease. Which genetic principle should the nurse explain to the aide?
•         Question 7
A nurse is reviewing the pedigree chart. When checking for a proband, what is the nurse looking for?
•         Question 8
The nurse would be correct in identifying the predominant extracellular cation as:
•        
 Question 9
A 13-year-old girl has a karyotype that reveals an absent homologous X chromosome with only a single X chromosome present. What medical diagnosis will the nurse observe on the chart?
•         Question 10
A patient who has diarrhea receives a hypertonic saline solution intravenously to replace the sodium and chloride lost in the stool. What effect will this fluid replacement have on cells?
•         Question 11
Which of the following mutations have the most significant effect on protein synthesis?
•         Question 12
Which of the following disorders is manifested primarily in males?
•         Question 13
The nurse is teaching staff about the most common cause of Down syndrome. What is the nurse describing?
•         Question 14
A group of prison inmates developed tuberculosis following exposure to an infected inmate. On examination, tissues were soft and granular (like clumped cheese). Which of the following is the most likely cause?
•         Question 15
Sodium and water accumulation in an injured cell are a direct result of:
•         Question 16
The student is reviewing functions of the cell. The student would be correct in identifying the primary function of the nerve cell as:
•         Question 17
55-year-old male has swelling of the feet. Which of the following aided in development of swelling?
•         Question 18
A runner has depleted all the oxygen available for muscle energy. Which of the following will facilitate his continued muscle performance?


•         Question 19
A 55-year-old male with a 30-year history of smoking is examined for respiratory disturbance. Examination of his airway (bronchial) reveals that stratified squamous epithelial cells have replaced the normal columnar ciliated cells. This type of cellular adaptation is called:
•         Question 20
A newborn male is diagnosed with albinism based on skin, eye, and hair appearance. Which finding will support this diagnosis?
•         Question 21
The early dilation (swelling) of the cell’s endoplasmic reticulum results in:
•         Question 22
A patient has a heart attack that leads to progressive cell injury that causes cell death with severe cell swelling and breakdown of organelles. What term would the nurse use to define this process?
•         Question 23
A 20-year-old pregnant female gives birth to a stillborn child. Autopsy reveals that the fetus has 92 chromosomes. What term may be on the autopsy report to describe this condition?
•         Question 24
A nurse is teaching a patient with diabetes how glucose is transported from the blood to the cell. What type of transport system should the nurse discuss with the patient?
•         Question 25
A patient wants to know the risk factors for Down syndrome. What is the nurse’s best response?

 

NURS 6501 Week 2 Quiz / NURS6501 Week 2 Quiz: Advanced Pathophysiology -Walden University
Walden NURS 6501 Week 2 Quiz  / Walden   NURS6501 Week 2 Quiz 

 

Question 1

When a patient presents at the emergency department for an allergic reaction, the nurse recognizes the most severe consequence of a type I hypersensitivity reaction is:
Question 2

Which of the following hormones activates adrenergic receptors?
Question 3

Which of the following individuals would be at greatest risk for an opportunistic infection?

Question 4
A patient has a disease state that results from the secretion of toxins by bacteria. Which medical diagnosis will the nurse see documented on the chart?
Question 5

An infant develops a fever secondary to a bacterial infection. Which of the following most likely triggered the fever?
Question 6

Exhaustion occurs if stress continues and _____ is not successful.
Question 7

A patient has a tissue growth that was diagnosed as cancer. Which of the following terms best describes this growth?
Question 8

A 35-year-old male is diagnosed with a hormone-secreting tumor of the adrenal medulla. He experiences elevated blood pressure, pupil dilation, “goose bumps,” and increased anxiety. Which of the following hormones is the predominant one released by the tumor?
Question 9

A 50-year-old female experiences decreased blood pressure, decreased oxygen delivery, cardiovascular shock, and subsequent death. A complication of endotoxic shock is suspected. Which of the following is the most likely cause?
Question 10
A 30-year-old female presents to her primary care provider reporting fatigue, excessive sweating, and increased appetite. Physical examination reveals protruding eyes, and laboratory testing reveals hyperthyroidism secondary to autoantibody production. This disorder falls into the category of type _____ hypersensitivity.
Question 11

A 3-year-old is making play cakes in a sandbox and is eating the play cakes. The sand was also being used by cats as a litter box and was contaminated with toxoplasmosis. Which of the following would most likely also be present?
Question 12

A 30-year-old female is diagnosed with cancer. Testing reveals that the cancer cells have spread to local lymph nodes. A nurse realizes this cancer would be documented as stage:
Question 13

A 30-year-old male is having difficulty breathing and has been spitting blood. He reports that he began experiencing this reaction after cleaning his pigeons’ cages. Testing reveals he is suffering from allergic alveolitis. Which of the following is he experiencing?

Question 14

A 5-month-old child is admitted to the hospital with recurring respiratory infections. A possible cause of this condition is:
Question 15

During inflammation, the liver is stimulated to release plasma proteins, collectively known as:
Question 16

A 10-year-old male is stung by a bee while playing in the yard. He begins itching and develops pain, swelling, redness, and respiratory difficulties. He is suffering from:
Question 17

When the maternal immune system becomes sensitized against antigens expressed by the fetus, what type of immune reaction occurs?
Question 18

While planning care for children with cancer, which information should the nurse remember? Most childhood cancers originate from the:
Question 19

A 20-year-old male shoots his hand with a nail gun while replacing roofing shingles. Which of the following cell types would be the first to aid in killing bacteria to prevent infection in his hand?
Question 20

A nurse recalls an example of an immune-complex-mediated disease is:
Question 21

Stress induces sympathetic stimulation of the adrenal medulla. This causes the secretion of catecholamines, which include:
Question 22

A 45-year-old male presents with persistent, severe stomach pain. Testing reveals a peptic ulcer. Further laboratory tests reveal the presence of Helicobacter pylori. Which of the following is of concern for this patient?
Question 23

A 35-year-old male is diagnosed with lobar pneumonia (lung infection). Which of the following exudates would be present in highest concentration at the site of this advanced inflammatory response?
Question 24

After teaching about stress, which information indicates a correct understanding of stress?
Question 25

A 65-year-old female is diagnosed with metastatic breast cancer. She has developed muscle wasting. Which of the following substances would be produced in large quantities to eliminate the tumor cells and cause muscle wasting?
Question 26

After studying about viruses, which information indicates the student has a good understanding of viruses? Viruses:
Question 27

A 54-year-old male was recently diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Which of the following is the expected treatment of choice?

Question 28

A 46-year-old male presents with severe pain, redness, and tenderness in the right big toe. He was diagnosed with gouty arthritis. The symptoms he experienced are caused by the crystallization of _____ within the synovial fluid.
Question 29

A 42-year-old female presents with raised red lesions with a brownish scale. She was diagnosed with discoid lupus erythematosus. A clinician recalls this disorder is related to:
Question 30

A 5-year-old male is diagnosed with tinea corporis following development of lesions on the non-hairy parts of his face, trunk, and limbs. A common source of this condition is a:
Question 31

Fibromyalgia is a chronic musculoskeletal disorder characterized by:
Question 32

A 34-year-old female was recently diagnosed with RA. Physical examination revealed that inflammation started in the:
Question 33

A 70-year-old female presents with a hip fracture secondary to osteoporosis. This condition is caused by an increase in bone:
Question 34
A patient has chicken pox. How does the varicella replicate?
Question 35

A 40-year-old female is diagnosed with SLE. Which of the following findings would be considered a symptom of this disease?
Question 36

A 76-year-old female was diagnosed with osteoporosis by radiologic exam. She is at high risk for:
Question 37

The final stage of gout, characterized by crystalline deposits in cartilage, synovial membranes, and soft tissue, is called:
Question 38

A 3-year-old male develops tinea capitis after playing with the family dog. This infection is caused by a:
Question 39

Researchers now believe that RA is:
Question 40

A 51-year-old male experienced severe acute gouty arthritis. Which of the following is the most common trigger for the symptoms?

 

NURS 6501 Week 3 Quiz / NURS6501 Week 3 Quiz : Advanced Pathophysiology -Walden University
Walden   NURS 6501 Week 3 Quiz  / Walden   NURS6501 Week 3 Quiz 

 

•    Question 1

A nurse should document on the chart that chronic pain is occurring when the patient reports the pain has lasted longer than:
•    Question 2

A 40-year-old male complains of uncontrolled excessive movement and progressive dysfunction of intellectual and thought processes. He is experiencing movement problems that begin in the face and arms that eventually affect the entire body. The most likely diagnosis is:
•    Question 3

A patient has memory loss of events that occurred before a head injury. What cognitive disorder does the nurse suspect the patient is experiencing?

•    Question 4

A 65-year-old male recently suffered a cerebral vascular accident. He is now unable to recognize and identify objects by touch because of injury to the sensory cortex. How should the nurse document this finding?
•    Question 5

A 15-year-old male is brought to the ER for treatment of injuries received in a motor vehicle accident. An MRI reveals spinal cord injury, and his body temperature fluctuates markedly. The most accurate explanation of this phenomenon is that:
•    Question 6

A 60-year-old female with a recent history of head trauma and a long-term history of hypertension presents to the ER for changes in mental status. MRI reveals that she had a hemorrhagic stroke. What does the nurse suspect caused this type of stroke?
•    Question 7

Parents of a 3-month-old infant bring him to the emergency room (ER) after he has had a seizure. He has muscle rigidity, and the parents report they are of Jewish ancestry. For what genetic disease should this infant be screened?
•    Question 8

When a patient has a fever, which of the following thermoregulatory mechanisms is activated?
•    Question 9

A 50-year-old male suffers a severe head injury when his motorcycle hits a tree. His breathing becomes deep and rapid but with normal pattern. What term should the nurse use for this condition?
•    Question 10

A 20-year-old male was at the supermarket when he fell to the ground. Bystanders reported that he lost consciousness and his body tensed up then relaxed, then tensed and relaxed several times. He most likely was experiencing a(n):
•    Question 11

A teenage boy sustains a severe closed head injury following an all-terrain vehicle (ATV) accident. He is in a state of deep sleep that requires vigorous stimulation to elicit eye opening. How should the nurse document this in the chart?
•    Question 12

A 15-month-old child from Pennsylvania was brought to the ER for fever, seizure activity, cranial palsies, and paralysis. Which of the following diagnosis will be documented in the chart?
•    Question 13

A 33-year-old male is brought to the ER for treatment of injuries received in a motor vehicle accident. An MRI reveals an injury of the cervical cord. Cord swelling in this region may be life threatening because:
•    Question 14

A 72-year-old male demonstrates left-sided weakness of upper and lower extremities. The symptoms lasted 24 hours and resolve with no evidence of infarction. The patient most likely experienced a(n):
•    Question 15

Which finding indicates the patient is having complications from heat stroke?
•    Question 16

A 20-year-old male was brought to the emergency room (ER) for severe burns. He requested something for the excruciating pain he was experiencing. Blocking which of the following neurotransmitters would reduce his pain?
•    Question 17

A nurse thinks a patient may be experiencing dementia. Which assessment finding will most help support this diagnosis?
•    Question 18

An initial assessment finding associated with acute spinal cord injury is _____ the injury.
•    Question 19

The nursing student would correctly identify the most common symptom of brain abscess as:
•    Question 20

An older adult is admitted to the ER following a fall. The patient complains of pain in the back. The patient has a history of osteoporosis. The nurse would expect the patient’s injury and subsequent pain is most likely due to:
•    Question 21

A 16-year-old male took a recreational drug that altered his level of arousal. Physical exam revealed a negative Babinski sign, equal and reactive pupils, and roving eye movements. Which of the following diagnosis will the nurse most likely see on the chart?
•    Question 22

A 20-year-old male suffers a severe closed head injury in a motor vehicle accident. He remains in a vegetative state (VS) 1 month after the accident. Which of the following structures is most likely keeping the patient alive?
•    Question 23

A 23-year-old female begins having problems with tiredness, weakness, and visual changes. Her diagnosis is multiple sclerosis (MS). What is occurring in the patient’s body?
•    Question 24

A 69-year-old male with a history of alcohol abuse presents to the emergency room (ER) after a month-long episode of headaches and confusion. Based on his alcoholism, a likely cause of his neurologic symptoms is:
•    Question 25

When planning care for a child in pain, which principle should the nurse remember? The pain threshold in children is _____ that of adults.


 

NURS 6501 Week 4 Quiz / NURS6501 Week 4 Quiz: Advanced Pathophysiology -Walden University
Walden   NURS 6501 Week 4 Quiz  / Walden   NURS6501 Week 4 Quiz 

 

Question 1
A 50-year-old male visits the cardiologist for an EKG. Results indicate that he has no PR interval and a variable QRS rate with rhythm irregularity. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis to be recorded on the chart?
Question 2
A 51-year-old male is at the health clinic for an annual physical exam. After walking from the
car to the clinic, he developed substernal pain. He also reported discomfort in his left
shoulder and his jaw, lasting 2 to 3 minutes and then subsiding with rest. He indicates that
this has occurred frequently over the past few months with similar exertion. The nurse
suspects he is most likely experiencing:
Question 3
A 50-year-old male with a 30-year history of smoking was diagnosed with bronchogenic
cancer. He developed edema and venous distention in the upper extremities and face. Which
of the following diagnosis will the nurse observe on the chart?

Question 4
When completing this quiz, did you comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct including the expectations for academic integrity?

Question 5
An 82-year-old female was admitted to the hospital with confusion and severe hypotension. Her body’s compensatory mechanisms are increased heart rate, vasoconstriction, and movement of large volumes of interstitial fluid to the vascular compartment. What kind of shock does the nurse suspect the patient is experiencing?

Question 6
Most cases of combined systolic and diastolic hypertension have no known cause and are documented on the chart as _____ hypertension
Question 7
A 70-year-old female is in the hospital for pelvic fracture. She develops pulmonary
thromboembolism. The nurse realizes this embolus is composed of:


Question 8
A nurse monitors the patient for _____ when rapid onset of malignant hypertension results.

Question 9
A 60-year-old male undergoes surgery for a bone fracture. Which of the following nursing
measures would be most effective for preventing pulmonary embolism (PE) in this patient?

Question 10
A 54-year-old male is diagnosed with left bundle branch block. Which of the following
structures would not receive an electrical impulse?


Question 11
When a nurse checks the patient for orthostatic hypotension, what did the nurse have the
patient do?

Question 12
A 50-year-old male is diagnosed with pulmonary embolism (PE). Which of the following
symptoms most likely occurred before treatment?

Question 13
While planning care for a patient with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS), which principle
should the nurse remember? SVCS is a progressive _____ of the superior vena cava (SVC) that
leads to venous distention of the upper extremities and head.
 
Question 14
An 80-year-old female is in the hospital for a bone fracture. While there she develops a large,
nonlethal pulmonary embolus. Which of the following is a direct result of the obstruction to
pulmonary blood flow?
Question 15
A 52-year-old female is diagnosed with coronary artery disease. The nurse assesses for
myocardial:
Ischemia

Question 16
A 65-year-old male presents for a routine checkup. A blood pressure check reveals a systolic
pressure of 160 mm Hg and a diastolic pressure of 70 mm Hg. Which of the following is the
most likely cause of this type of pressure elevation?

Question 17
Which condition should cause the nurse to assess for high-output failure in a patient?

Question 18
A 50-year-old obese male with hypertension and coronary artery disease visits a nutritionist
for food counseling. He has an elevated level of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and a low level
of high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Which of the following should the nurse advise him to

Question 19
Which of the following findings in the patient with Raynaud disease would indicate a need
for further teaching?

Question 20
A 75-year-old female has been critically ill with multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS)
for longer than a week and has developed a severe oxygen supply and demand imbalance.
The statement that best describes this imbalance is which of the following?

    
Question 21
A 65-year-old male is diagnosed with chronic pulmonary disease and elevated pulmonary
vascular resistance. Which of the following heart failures should the nurse assess for in this
patient?

Question 22
A 56-year-old male is diagnosed with coronary artery disease. Which of the following
modifiable risk factors would the nurse suggest the patient change?
Question 23
A 60-year-old male presents to his primary care provider reporting chest pain. He is
diagnosed with atherosclerosis. This disease is caused by:

Question 24
A 35-year-old male presents with pulmonary hypertension. Testing reveals he is in right heart
failure. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will see listed on the
chart?
Question 25
A 32-year-old female presents with lower leg pain, with swelling and redness. While
obtaining the patient’s history, which finding could have caused her condition?
Question 26
A 62-year-old male presents to his primary care provider reporting chest pain at rest and
with exertion. He does not have a history of coronary artery disease and reports that the
pain often occurs at night. He is most likely experiencing which type of angina?
Question 27
When a patient has a massive pulmonary embolism (PE), what complications will the nurse
monitor for?
Question 28
A 59-year-old female is diagnosed with left ventricular failure. If a decrease in kidney
perfusion occurs, the nurse knows this would ultimately cause:
Question 29
A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with cerebral aneurysm. Where does the nurse suspect the
cerebral aneurysm is located?
Question 30
Which organ should the nurse monitor closely since it is often the first to fail in patients with
multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS)?
Question 31
A 50-year-old female presents with a low heart rate and low blood pressure. She is given an
intravenous (IV) infusion of fluids. The increase in atrial distension results in:


NURS 6501 Week 5 Quiz / NURS6501 Week 5 Quiz: Advanced Pathophysiology -Walden University
Walden   NURS 6501 Week 5 Quiz  / Walden   NURS6501 Week 5 Quiz 

 

Question 1
When completing this quiz, did you comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct
including the expectations for academic integrity?
Question 2
A 72-year-old female has a history of right heart failure caused by a right ventricular
myocardial infarction. Which of the following symptoms are specifically related to her right
heart failure?

Question 3
Which is the most common type of congenital heart defect the nurse should assess for in
infants?
Question 4
A 1-month-old infant visits his primary care provider for a well-baby check. Physical exam
reveals decreased cardiac output, hypotension, tachycardia, and a loud murmur suggestive
of aortic stenosis. Which of the following would be expected with this diagnosis?

Question 5
A 51-year-old male presents with recurrent chest pain on exertion. He is diagnosed with
angina pectoris. When he asks what causes the pain, how should the nurse respond? The
pain occurs when:
Question 6
A 60-year-old female was diagnosed with mitral stenosis. As a result, the nurse realizes the
patient has incomplete emptying of the:
    
Question 7
A 2-week-old infant presents with poor feeding, fatigue, dyspnea, and a murmur. She is
diagnosed with a patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). A nurse recalls this condition results in a(n):
Question 8
A newborn child has a murmur and cyanosis. An echocardiogram reveals that the tricuspid
valve failed to develop and no blood flows between the right atrium and ventricle. What term
will the nurse use to describe this condition? Tricuspid:
Question 9
When a patient with left heart failure starts to have a cough and dyspnea, which principle
should the nurse remember? Pulmonary symptoms, common to left heart failure, are a
result of:
Question 10
A nurse is planning care for a patient in shock. Which principle should the nurse remember?
During shock states, glucose uptake is usually:
Question 11
A 28-year-old female presents to the ER reporting severe chest pain that worsens with
respirations or lying down. She has a fever, tachycardia, and a friction rub. Based upon theassessment findings, the nurse determines the patient is experiencing:
Question 12
A 49-year-old male presents to his primary care provider reporting chest pain. EKG reveals ST
elevation. He is diagnosed with myocardial ischemia. Which of the following interventions
would be most beneficial?

Question 13
A nurse is teaching a patient about anaphylactic shock. Which information should the nurse
include? The onset of anaphylactic shock is usually:
Question 14
A newborn is diagnosed with congenital heart disease. Which of the following intrauterine
factors should the nurse focus on during the history that could have caused this disorder?
Question 15
A nurse is explaining the function of the heart. Which is a correct response by the nurse? A
function of the pericardium is to:
Question 16
A nurse recalls the most common cardiac valve disease in the United States, which tends to be most prevalent in young women, is:
Question 17
A 60-year-old female had a myocardial infarction. She was brought to the hospital 30
minutes later. She survived, but now the nurse is providing care for impaired ventricular
function because:

Question 18
A 67-year-old female was previously diagnosed with rheumatic heart disease. Tests reveal
lipoprotein deposition with chronic inflammation that impairs blood flow from the left
ventricle into the aorta. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis recorded on the
chart?
Question 19
A 15-year-old-male who is allergic to peanuts eats a peanut butter cup. He then goes into
anaphylactic shock. Which assessment findings will the nurse assess for?
Question 20
A newborn child is diagnosed with tetralogy of Fallot. What symptoms would the nurse
expect to observe in the child?
Question 21
For an infection to progress to septic shock, which of the following factors should the nurse
determine occurred?
Question 22
When a person is in shock, a nurse remembers impairment in cellular metabolism is cause
by:
Question 23
A 55-year-old male died of a myocardial infarction. Autopsy would most likely reveal:
Question 24
A 42-year-old female is diagnosed with constrictive pericarditis. The nurse assesses the
blood pressure for decreased cardiac output because of:
Question 25
A 72-year-old female has a history of hypertension and atherosclerosis. An echocardiogram
reveals backflow of blood into the left ventricle. Which of the following is the most likely
diagnosis documented on the chart?
Question 26
A 75-year-old obese female presents to her primary care provider reporting edema in the
lower extremities. Physical exam reveals that she has varicose veins. Upon performing the
history, which of the following is a possible cause for the varicose veins?
Question 27
A 22-year-old pregnant female presents for a fetal echocardiogram. Tests reveal small left
atrium and mitral valve and an absent left ventricle and aortic valve. The diagnosis is
hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). The nurse will anticipate that the treatment for this
defect is:
Question 28
While planning care, the nurse remembers which principle? In valvular _____, the valve
opening is constricted and narrowed because the valve leaflets, or cusps, fail to open
completely.
Question 29
A 10-year-old-male presents with fever, lymphadenopathy, arthralgia, and nose bleeds. He is
diagnosed with rheumatic heart disease. While planning care, which characteristic changes
should the nurse remember?
Question 30
A 30-year-old female presents to her primary care provider with fever, cardiac murmur, and
petechial skin lesions. She is diagnosed with infective endocarditis. When the patient wants
to know what caused the disease, what is the nurse’s best response? The most likely cause of
the disease is:
Question 31
When a patient asks the nurse what is the most common cause of myocardial ischemia,
which statement is the correct response? The most common cause of myocardial ischemia
is:

 

NURS 6501 Week 6 Quiz / NURS6501 Week 6 Quiz: Advanced Pathophysiology -Walden University
Walden   NURS 6501 Week 6 Quiz  / Walden   NURS6501 Week 6 Quiz 

 

Question 1
A 50-year-old diabetic male did not take his medication and is now in metabolic acidosis. He
is experiencing Kussmaul respirations. What type of breathing will the nurse observe upon
assessment?
Question 2
A 10-year-old female develops pneumonia. Physical exam reveals subcostal and intercostal
retractions. She reports that breathing is difficult and she feels she cannot get enough air.
What term should the nurse use to document this condition?
Question 3
A 7-month-old male presents with cystic fibrosis (CF) accompanied by failure to thrive and
frequent, loose, and oily stools. Sweat testing reveals increased chloride. Which of the
following should the nurse observe for that would accompany this disease?
Question 4
A 9-year-old male contracted influenza. Which of the following complications is of greatest
concern to the nurse?
Question 5
An 11-year-old female presents with a low-grade fever and cough. She is diagnosed with
atypical pneumonia. What type of pneumonia does the nurse suspect the patient is
experiencing?
Question 6
A 42-year-old male was involved in a motor vehicle accident during which he suffered a
severe head injury. He died shortly after the accident from loss of respiration. The nurse
suspects the area of the brain most likely involved is the:
Question 7
A 65-year-old female with emphysema presents to the ER for difficulty breathing. Physical
exam reveals bluish skin and mucous membranes. How should the nurse chart this
condition? Patient has:
Question 8
An 80-year-old female develops pneumonia in the hospital. She becomes cyanotic,
tachycardic, and develops a fever and cough. Chest x-ray reveals pus in the pleural space.
Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis documented on the chart?
Question 9
A 25-year-old male presents with chronic bronchitis of 5 months’ duration. Which of the
following is the most significant concern for the nurse to monitor in this patient?
Question 10
A 25-year-old male presents with chronic bronchitis of 5 months’ duration. When obtaining
the patient’s history, which of the following findings is most likely to cause this condition?
Question 11
A 57-year-old male presents with cough, sputum production, dyspnea, and decreased lung
volume. He is diagnosed with pneumoconiosis. When taking the patient’s history, which
finding is the most probable cause of his illness?
Question 12
A young patient is admitted to the pediatric unit with cystic fibrosis (CF) exacerbation. The
nurse monitors the patient closely because the main cause of death in a child with CF is:
Question 13
When the nurse is asked what causes asthma, how should the nurse respond? Asthma is
thought to be caused by:
Question 14
A 15-year-old female is diagnosed with restrictive lung disease caused by fibrosis. The
patient had a pulmonary functions test. Which of the following findings is expected?
Question 15
If an individual with respiratory difficulty were retaining too much carbon dioxide, which of
the following compensatory responses would the nurse expect to be initiated?
Question 16
A 60-year-old female with emphysema is having difficulty expiring a given volume of air.
When giving report, the nurse will relay that the patient is most likely experiencing _____
pulmonary disease.
Question 17
A 53-year-old male with a 20-year history of smoking is diagnosed with emphysema. When a
staff member asks why the patient’s airways are obstructed, how should the nurse respond?
The airways are obstructed because of:
Question 18
Which patient would the nurse assess for paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea (PND)? A patient
with:
Question 19
A nurse is reviewing the results of an ABG and finds reduced oxygenation of arterial blood.
What term should the nurse use to describe this condition?
Question 20
A 26-year-old female recently underwent surgery and is now experiencing dyspnea, cough,
fever, and leukocytosis. Tests reveal that she has a collapsed lung caused by removal of air
from obstructed alveoli. What condition will the nurse observe on the chart?

    
Question 21
A 6-month-old female presents with rhinorrhea, cough, poor feeding, lethargy, and fever.
She is diagnosed with bronchiolitis. Which of the following will the nurse most likely observe
on the culture report?
Question 22
A 53-year-old male with a 20-year history of smoking is diagnosed with emphysema. When
the nurse is asked what causes this, what is the nurse’s best response? Changes in his lungs
are caused by:
Question 23
A 20-year-old male is in acute pain. An arterial blood gas reveals decreased carbon dioxide
(CO2) levels. Which of the following does the nurse suspect is the most likely cause?

Question 24
A 2-week-old female presents with fever, cough, respiratory distress, and empyema. Which
of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart?
Question 25
A 42-year-old female presents with dyspnea; rapid, shallow breathing; inspiratory crackles;
decreased lung compliance; and hypoxemia. Tests reveal a fulminant form of respiratory
Question 26
A geneticist is discussing cystic fibrosis (CF). Which information should be included? CF is an
_____ disease.

Question 27
A 30-year-old female received a severe head injury in a motor vehicle accident. She is now
experiencing respiratory abnormalities characterized by alternating periods of deep and
shallow breathing with periods of apnea. What term should the nurse use when charting this
condition?

Question 28
A nurse is teaching staff about pulmonary edema. Which information should the nurse
include? The most common cause of pulmonary edema is:

Question 29
A 28-year-old male reports to his primary care provider that he has had a cold for a week
and is coughing up bloody secretions. When giving report, what term should the nurse use
to describe this condition?
Question 30
While reviewing lab results, to help confirm a diagnosis of cystic fibrosis in a 1-year-old child
which substance will be present in the child’s sweat?
Question 31
When completing this quiz, did you comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct
including the expectations for academic integrity?

 

NURS 6501 Week 7 Quiz / NURS6501 Week 7 Quiz: Advanced Pathophysiology -Walden University
Walden   NURS 6501 Week 7 Quiz  / Walden   NURS6501 Week 7 Quiz 

 

Question 1
A 25-year-old female has a heavy menses during which she loses a profuse amount of blood.
Which of the following adaptations should the nurse expect?
Question 2
Which major symptom in a patient with sickle cell anemia indicates to the nurse, the patient
is experiencing a vaso-occlusive crisis?
Question 3
A newborn is diagnosed with congenital intrinsic factor deficiency. Which of the following
types of anemia will the nurse see documented on the chart?

Question 4
When completing this quiz, did you comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct
including the expectations for academic integrity?
Question 5
A 15-year-old male is diagnosed with infectious mononucleosis. When the patient asks how
he got this disease, how should the nurse respond? The most likely cause is:

Question 6
Thrombocytopenia may be:
Question 7
A 10-year-old male is diagnosed with leukemia. The nurse assesses for which other condition
that could be associated with his disease?
Question 8
A 52-year-old male IV drug user was diagnosed with hepatitis C 5 years ago. He is now
experiencing impaired blood clotting. The nurse suspects a decrease in which of the
following vitamins?
Question 9
A nurse monitors for the most common childhood cancer, which is:

Question 10
A 5-year-old male was diagnosed with normocytic-normochromic anemia. Which of the
following anemias does the nurse suspect the patient has?

Question 11
A staff member wants to know where the greatest proportion of iron is located. How should
the nurse respond? The greatest proportion of total body iron is located in the:

Question 12
A 65-year-old male experienced loss of appetite, weight loss, lemon-yellow skin, liver
enlargement, and a beefy red tongue shortly before his death. Autopsy suggested pernicious
anemia, and the cause of death would most likely reveal:
Question 13
A 35-year-old male with hyperthyroidism begins treatment to decrease thyroid activity. A
nurse monitors for which of the following conditions that could result secondary to the
treatment?

Question 14
An adult patient’s blood sample is analyzed in a laboratory. Assuming a normal sample,
which type of white blood cell accounts for the highest percentage?

Question 15
A 50-year-old female is diagnosed with primary thrombocythemia. A nurse would expect the
blood smear to reveal _____ platelets.

Question 16
How should the nurse prepare a patient who is to receive a Schilling test for pernicious
anemia?

Question 17
A nurse checks individuals with liver disease for clotting problems because:

Question 18
A 45-year-old male is diagnosed with macrocytic, normochromic anemia. The nurse suspects
the most likely cause of this condition is:

Question 19
A nurse is caring for a patient who cannot clot. Which end product of the clotting cascade is
this patient unable to make?
Question 20
A group of cells isolated in the laboratory have membrane-bound granules in their
cytoplasm and they show phagocytic activity. Which of the following cells is most similar?

Question 21
A 5-year-old female is diagnosed with acute leukemia. The nurse will most likely treat this
Question 22
After initial compensation, what hemodynamic change should the nurse monitor for in a
patient who has a reduction in the number of circulating erythrocytes?

Question 23
A 34-year-old male presents in the emergency room with extreme fatigue and shortness of
breath. His skin and sclera appear to have a yellowish discoloration. These assessment
findings are consistent with which type of anemia?

Question 24
A 15-year-old male with infectious mononucleosis is being given instructions on how to
prevent the spread of this infection to others. Which statement represents a correct
instruction?

Question 25
A 60-year-old female emphysema patient experiences a rapid and pounding heart, dizziness,
and fatigue with exertion. Which of the following respiratory assessment findings indicate
the respiratory system is compensating for the increased oxygen demand?

Question 26
Which of the following individuals should the nurse assess first for a vitamin B12 deficiency
anemia?

Question 27
When a nurse is reviewing lab results and notices that the erythrocytes contain an
abnormally low concentration of hemoglobin, the nurse calls these erythrocytes:


Question 28
A 35-year-old female is diagnosed with vitamin B12 deficiency anemia (pernicious anemia).
How should the nurse respond when the patient asks what causes pernicious anemia? A
decrease in ______ is the most likely cause.

Question 29
In disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), the nurse assesses for active bleeding after
intravascular clotting because:

Question 30
The nurse will check which of the following tests to directly measure iron stores?

Question 31
A 21-year-old female was recently diagnosed with iron deficiency anemia. In addition to
fatigue and weakness, which of the following clinical signs and symptoms would she most
likely exhibit?
Question 32
A hematologist is discussing hematopoiesis. Which information should be included? ________
participate in hematopoiesis.
Question 33
A 10-year-old male is diagnosed with sickle cell anemia. When the parents ask who is
responsible for this disease, what is the nurse’s best response? He most likely inherited it
from:


Question 34
A nurse is teaching the staff about platelets. Which information should the nurse include? In
addition to playing a role in hemostasis, platelets have the ability to:
Question 35
During an infection, the nurse assesses the lymph nodes. Lymph nodes enlarge and become
tender because:
Question 36
A 58-year-old female presents in the clinic presenting with fatigue, weight loss, and tingling in
her fingers. Laboratory findings show low hemoglobin and hematocrit, a high mean
corpuscular volume, and normal plasma iron. These assessment findings are consistent with
which type of anemia?

 

NURS 6501 Week 8 Quiz / NURS6501 Week 8 Quiz: Advanced Pathophysiology -Walden University
Walden   NURS 6501 Week 8 Quiz  / Walden   NURS6501 Week 8 Quiz 

 

Question 1
The most common clinical manifestation of portal hypertension is _____ bleeding.
Question 2
A 10-month-old is brought to the pediatrician by the mother who states the baby has been
experiencing colicky pain followed by vomiting, sweating, nausea, and irritability. Testing
reveals a condition in which one part of the intestine telescopes into another. From which
type of intestinal obstruction is he suffering?
Question 3
In alcoholic cirrhosis, hepatocellular damage is caused by:
Question 4
When completing this quiz, did you comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct including the expectations for academic integrity?
Question 5
Prolonged diarrhea is more serious in children than adults because:
Question 6
A 40-year-old male develops an intestinal obstruction related to protrusion of the intestine
through the inguinal ring. This condition is referred to as:
Question 7
A 6-month-old male infant is brought to the ER after the sudden development of abdominal
pain, irritability, and vomiting followed by passing of “currant jelly” stool. Ultrasound reveals
intestinal obstruction in which the ileum collapsed through the ileocecal valve and
invaginated into the large intestine. This type of obstruction is referred to as:
Question 8
Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder wall usually caused by:

Question 9
Kwashiorkor is a severe dietary deficiency of:
Question 10
A 40-year-old female presents complaining of pain near the midline in the epigastrium.
Assuming the pain is caused by a stimulus acting on an abdominal organ, the pain felt is
classified as:
Question 11
For the patient experiencing esophageal reflux, the nurse would expect which sphincter to
be malfunctioning?
Question 12
A 54-year-old male is diagnosed with peptic ulcer disease. This condition is most likely
caused by:
Question 13
Which of the following characteristics is associated with an acute occlusion of mesenteric
blood flow to the small intestine?
Question 14
Marasmus is most common in children of which age group?
Question 15
Chronic gastritis is classified according to the:
Question 16
A 3-month-old female develops colicky pain, abdominal distention, and diarrhea after
drinking cow’s milk. The best explanation for her symptoms is:
Question 17
A 13-year-old female confides to her mother that she binge eats and induces vomiting to
prevent weight gain. This disease is referred to as:
Question 18
Where does the nurse expect the obstruction to be in a patient with extrahepatic portal
hypertension?
Question 19
The primary complication of enterocolitis associated with Hirschsprung disease is related to
which finding?
Question 20
Early identification and treatment for metabolic disorders is import

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