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Functions of the Blood

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Blood is unique; it is the only fluid tissue in the body.

1. Carrier of gases, nutrients, and waste products. Oxygen enters blood in the lungs and is transported to cells. Carbon dioxide, produced by cells, is transported in the blood to the lungs, from which it is expelled. Ingested nutrients, ions, and water are carried by the blood from the digestive tract to cells, and the waste products of the cells are moved to the kidneys for elimination.
2. Clot formation. Clotting proteins help stem blood loss when a blood vessel is injured.
3. Transport of processed molecules. Most substances are produced in one part of the body and transported in the blood to another part.
4. Protection against foreign substances. Antibodies help protect the body from pathogens.
5. Transport of regulatory molecules. Various hormones and enzymes that regulate body processes are carried from one part of the body to another within the blood.
6. Maintenance of body temperature. Warm blood is transported from the inside to the surface of the body, where heat is released from the blood.
7. pH and osmosis regulation. Albumin is also an important blood buffer and contributes to the osmotic pressure of blood, which acts to keep water in the blood stream.

Components of Blood

Essentially, blood is a complex connective tissue in which living blood cells, the formed elements, are suspended.

Physical Characteristics and Volume

Blood is a sticky, opaque fluid with a characteristic metallic taste.

·         Color. Depending on the amount of oxygen it is carrying, the color of blood varies from scarlet (oxygen-rich) to a dull red (oxygen-poor).

·         Weight. Blood is heavier than water and about five times thicker, or more viscous, largely because of its formed elements.

·         pH. Blood is slightly alkaline, with a pH between 7.35 and 7.45.

·         Temperature. Its temperature (38 degrees Celsius, or 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit) is always slightly higher than body temperature.

Plasma

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[Solved] Functions of the Blood

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Blood is unique; it is the only fluid tissue in the body. 1. Carrier of gases, nutrients, and waste products. Oxygen enters blood in the lungs and is transported to cells. Carbon dioxide, produced by cells, is transported in the blood to the lungs, from which it is expelled. Ingested nutrients, ions, and water are carried by the blood from the digestive tract to cells, and the waste products of the cells are moved to the kidneys for elimination. 2. Clot formation. Clotting proteins help stem blood loss when a...
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Functions of the Blood

Blood is unique; it is the only fluid tissue in the body. 1. Carrier of gases, nutrients, and waste products. Oxygen enters blood in the lungs and is transported to cells. Carbon dioxide, produced by cells, is transported in...

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