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NURS 6531N Week 5 Midterm Exam - Spring 2019
· Question 1
When completing this quiz, did you comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct including the expectations for academic integrity?
· Question 2
The most common cancer found on the auricle is:
· Question 3
Which of the following medication classes should be avoided in patients with acute or chronic bronchitis because it will contribute to ventilation-perfusion mismatch in the patient?
· Question 4
A 47 year old male patient presents to the clinic with a single episode of a moderate amount of bright red rectal bleeding. On examination, external hemorrhoids are noted. How should the nurse practitioner proceed?
Which of the following patient characteristics are associated with chronic bronchitis?
· Question 5
· Question 6
A 65-year-old female with a past medical history of hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and polymyalgia rheumatica presents to urgent care with new onset left lower quadrant pain. Her current medications include omeprazole 20 milligrams po daily, lisinopril 20 milligrams po daily, simvastatin 20 milligrams po daily, and prednisone 12 milligrams po daily. The nurse practitioner suspects acute diverticulitis and possibly an abscess. The most appropriate diagnostic test for this patient at this time is:
· Question 7
A patient reports “something flew in my eye” about an hour ago while he was splitting logs. If there were a foreign body in his eye, the nurse practitioner would expect to find all except:
· Question 8
A 21 year old college student presents to the student health center with copious, markedly purulent discharge from her left eye. The nurse practitioner student should suspect:
· Question 9
A 35 year old man presents with radicular pain followed by the appearance of grouped vesicles consisting of about 15 lesions across 3 different thoracic dermatomes. He complains of pain, burning, and itching. The nurse practitioner should suspect:
· Question 10
Which type of lung cancer has the poorest prognosis?
· Question 11
An 83-year-old female presents to the office complaining of diarrhea for several days. She explains she has even had fecal incontinence one time. She describes loose stools 3–4 times a day for several weeks and denies fever, chills, pain, recent antibiotic use. The history suggests that the patient has:
· Question 12
Margaret, age 32, comes into the office with painful joints and a distinctive rash in a butterfly distribution on her face. The rash has red papules and plaques with a fine scale. What do you suspect?
· Question 13
Antibiotic administration has been demonstrated to be of little benefit to the treatment of which of the following disease processes?
· Question 14
Lisa, age 49, has daily symptoms of asthma. She uses her inhaled short-acting beta-2 agonist daily. Her exacerbations affect her activities and they occur at least twice weekly and may last for days. She is affected more than once weekly during the night with an exacerbation. Which category of asthma severity is Lisa in?
· Question 15
Which of the following is the most appropriate therapeutic regimen for an adult patient with no known allergies diagnosed with group A B-hemolytic strep?
· Question 16
A cashier complains of dull ache and pressure sensation in her lower legs. It is relieved by leg elevation. She occasionally has edema in her lower legs at the end of the day. What is the most likely cause of these problems?
· Question 17
Which statement below is correct about pertussis?
· Question 18
Which of the following is the most important diagnosis to rule out in the adult patient with acute bronchitis?
· Question 19
A 70 year old patient presents with left lower quadrant (LLQ) abdominal pain, a markedly tender palpable abdominal wall, fever, and leukocytosis. Of the following terms, which correctly describes the suspected condition?
· Question 20
Sylvia, age 83, presents with a 3 day history of pain and burning in the left forehead. This morning she noticed a rash with erythematous papules in that site. What do you suspect?
· Question 21
A 33-year-old female is admitted with acute pancreatitis. The nurse practitioner knows that the most common cause of pancreatitis is:
· Question 22
When a patient presents with symptoms of acute gallbladder disease, what is the appropriate nurse practitioner action?
· Question 23
A false-positive result with the fecal occult blood test can result from:
· Question 24
A 76-year-old male complains of weight loss, nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramping and pain. Physical findings include an abdominal mass and stool positive for occult blood. The nurse practitioner pain suspects a tumor in the small intestine. The best diagnostic test for this patient is:
· Question 25
A patient presents to urgent care complaining of dyspnea, fatigue, and lower extremity edema. The echocardiogram reveals and ejection fraction of 38%. The nurse practitioner knows that these findings are consistent with:
· Question 26
Maxine, Age 76, has just been given a diagnosis of pneumonia. Which of the following is an indication that she should be hospitalized?
· Question 27
A 55 year old man is diagnosed with basal cell carcinoma. The nurse practitioner correctly tells him:
· Question 28
Expected spirometry readings when the patient has chronic emphysema include:
· Question 29
An 80-year-old male admits to difficulty swallowing during the review of systems. The nurse practitioner recognizes the differential diagnosis for this patient’s dysphagia is:
· Question 30
A 40 year old female with history of frequent sun exposure presents with a multicolored lesion on her back. It has irregular borders and is about 11mm in diameter. What should the nurse practitioner suspect?
· Question 31
Which of the following is not a goal of treatment for the patient with cystic fibrosis?
· Question 32
The nurse practitioner is performing a physical exam on a middle-aged African-American man. Which of the following areas is a common site for melanomas in African-Americans and other dark-skinned individuals?
· Question 33
An adult presents with tinea corporis. Which item below is a risk factor for its development?
· Question 34
A patient has experienced nausea and vomiting, headache, malaise, low grade fever, abdominal cramps, and watery diarrhea for 72 hours. His white count is elevated with a shift to the left. He is requesting medication for diarrhea. What is the most appropriate response?
· Question 35
Janine, age 29, has numerous transient lesions that come and go, and she is diagnosed with urticaria. What do you order?
· Question 36
Of the following signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure (CHF), the earliest clinical manifestation is:
· Question 37
A 16 year old male presents with mild sore throat, fever, fatigue, posterior cervical adenopathy, and palatine petechiae. Without a definitive diagnosis for this patient, what drug would be least appropriate to prescribe?
· Question 38
A 70 year old man who walks 2 miles every day complains of pain in his left calf when he is walking. The problem has gotten gradually worse and now he is unable to complete his 2 mile walk. What question asked during the history, if answered affirmatively, would suggest a diagnosis of arteriosclerosis obliterans?
· Question 39
Which of the following statements about malignant melanomas is true?
· Question 40
Sheila, age 78, presents with a chief complaint of waking up during the night coughing. You examine her and find an S3 heart sound, pulmonary crackles that do not clear with coughing, and peripheral edema. What do you suspect?
· Question 41
Which antibiotic would be the most effective in treating community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in a young adult without any comorbid conditions?
· Question 42
Which of the following dermatologic vehicles are the most effective in absorbing moisture and decreasing friction?
· Question 43
A 70 year old patient presents with a slightly raised, scaly, erythematous patch on her forehead. She admits to having been a “sun worshiper.” The nurse practitioner suspects actinic keratosis. This lesion is a precursor to:
· Question 44
An elderly patient is being seen in the clinic for complaint of “weak spells” relieved by sitting or lying down. How should the nurse practitioner proceed with the physical examination?
· Question 45
What oral medication might be used to treat chronic cholethiasis in a patient who is a poor candidate for surgery?
· Question 46
A 46-year-old female with a past medical history of diabetes presents with a swollen, erythematous right auricle and is diagnosed with malignant otitis externa. The nurse practitioner knows that the most likely causative organism for this patient’s problem is:
· Question 47
Which of the following is not a symptom of irritable bowel syndrome?
· Question 48
A patient comes in complaining of 1 week of pain in the posterior neck with difficulty turning the head to the right. What additional history is needed?
· Question 49
Marvin, age 56, is a smoker with diabetes. He has just been diagnosed as hypertensive. Which of the following drugs has the potential to cause the development of bronchial asthma and inhibit gluconeogenesis?
· Question 50
The differential diagnosis for a patient complaining of a sore throat includes which of the following?
· Question 51
A patient presents to the primary care provider complaining of a rash on his right forehead that started yesterday and is burning and painful. The physical exam reveals an erythematous, maculopapular rash that extends over the patient’s right eye to his upper right forehead. Based on the history and examination, the most likely cause of this patient’s symptoms is:
· Question 52
Before initiating an HMG CoA-reductase inhibitor for hyperlipidemia, the nurse practitioner orders liver function studies. The patient’s aminotransferase (ALT) is elevated. What laboratory test(s) should be ordered?
· Question 53
A patient with elevated lipids has been started on lovastatin. After 3 weeks of therapy, he calls to report generalized muscle aches. The nurse practitioner should suspect:
· Question 54
Treatment of acute vertigo includes:
· Question 55
Treatment of H.pylori includes which of the following?
· Question 56
Carl, age 78, is brought to the office by his son, who states that his father has been unable to see clearly since last night. Carl reports that his vision is “like looking through a veil.” He also sees floaters and flashing lights but is not having any pain. What do you suspect?
· Question 57
In order to decrease deaths from lung cancer:
· Question 58
John, age 33, has a total cholesterol level of 188 mg/dL. How often should he be screened for hypercholesterolemia?
· Question 59
Mort is hypertensive. Which of the following factors influenced your choice of using an alpha blocker as the antihypertensive medication?
· Question 60
John, age 59, presents with recurrent, sharply circumscribed red papules and plaques with a powdery white scale on the extensor aspect of his elbows and knees. What do you suspect?
· Question 61
Harriet, a 79-year-old woman, comes to your office every 3 months for follow up on her hypertension. Her medications include one baby aspirin daily, Lisinopril 5mg daily, and Calcium 1500 mg daily. At today’s visit. Her blood pressure is 170/89. According to JNC VIII guidelines, what should you do next to control Harriet’s blood pressure?
· Question 62
An active 65-year-old man under your care has known acquired valvular aortic stenosis and mitral regurgitation. He also has a history of infectious endocarditis. He has recently been told he needs elective replacement of his aortic valve. When he comes into the office you discover that he has 10 remaining teeth in poor repair. Your recommendation would be to:
· Question 63
Appropriate therapy for peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is:
· Question 64
Shirley, age 58, has been a diabetic for 7 years. Her blood pressure is normal. Other than her diabetes medications, what would you prescribe today during her routine office visit?
· Question 65
Medicare is a federal program administered by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The CMS has developed guidelines for Evaluation and Management coding, which all providers are expected to follow when coding patient visits for reimbursement. Which of the following is an important consideration regarding billing practices?
· Question 66
A 2 year old presents with a white pupillary reflex. What is the most likely cause of this finding?
· Question 67
Harvey has had Meniere’s disease for several years. He has some hearing loss but now has persistent vertigo. What treatment might be instituted to relieve the vertigo?
· Question 68
Which of the following is not a risk factor for coronary arterial insufficiency?
· Question 69
An 18-year-old female presents to the urgent care center complaining of severe pruritus in both eyes that started 2 days ago. Associated symptoms include a headache and fatigue. On examination, the nurse practitioner notes some clear discharge from both eyes and some erythema of the eyelids and surrounding skin. Which of the following is the most likely cause of this patient’s symptoms?
· Question 70
A 20 year old is diagnosed with mild persistent asthma. What drug combination would be most effective in keeping him symptom-free?
· Question 71
Acute rheumatic fever is an inflammatory disease which can follow infection with:
· Question 72
A 60 year old male diabetic patient presents with redness, tenderness, and edema of the left lateral aspect of his face. His left eyelid is grossly edematous. He reports history of a toothache in the past week which “is better.” His temperature is 100°F and pulse is 102 bpm. The most appropriate initial action is to:
· Question 73
If a patient presents with a deep aching, red eye and there is no discharge, you should suspect:
· Question 74
The National Cholesterol Education Program’s Adult Treatment Panel III recommends that the goal for low density lipoproteins in high risk patients be less than:
· Question 75
A patient presents with classic symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). He is instructed on life style modifications and drug therapy for 8 weeks. Three months later he returns, reporting that he was “fine” as long as he took the medication. The most appropriate next step is:
· Question 76
Group A β-hemolytic streptococcal (GABHS) pharyngitis is most common in which age group?
· Question 77
The most appropriate treatment for a child with mild croup is:
· Question 78
A child complains that his “throat hurts” with swallowing. His voice is very “throaty” and he is hyperextending his neck to talk. Examination reveals asymmetrical swelling of his tonsils. His uvula is deviated to the left. What is the most likely diagnosis?
· Question 79
Salmeterol (Servent) is prescribed for a patient with asthma. What is the most important teaching point about this medication?
· Question 80
Which intervention listed below is safe for long term use by an adult with constipation?
· Question 81
A 40 year old presents with a hordeolum. The nurse practitioner teaches the patient to:
· Question 82
Sarah has allergic rhinitis and is currently being bothered by nasal congestion. Which of the following meds ordered for allergic rhinitis would be most appropriate?
· Question 83
What is the Gold standard for the diagnosis of asthma?
· Question 84
A patient complains of “an aggravating cough for the past 6 weeks.” There is no physiological cause for the cough. Which medication is most likely causing the cough?
· Question 85
Stacy, age 27, states that she has painless, white, slightly raised patches in her mouth. They are probably caused by:
· Question 86
Risk factors for acute otitis media (AOM) include all of the following except:
· Question 87
Which of the following can result from chronic inflammation of a meibomian gland?
· Question 88
What conditions must be met for you to bill “incident to” the physician, receiving 100% reimbursement from Medicare?
· Question 89
Of the following choices, the least likely cause of cough is:
· Question 90
The most common correlate(s) with chronic bronchitis and emphysema is(are):
· Question 91
Which choice below is least effective for alleviating symptoms of the common cold?
· Question 92
When teaching a patient with hypertension about restricting sodium, you would include which of the following instructions?
· Question 93
Which of the following heart murmurs warrants the greatest concern?
· Question 94
A patient presents with an inflamed upper eyelid margin. The conjunctiva is red and there is particulate matter along the upper eyelid. The patient complains of a sensation that “there is something in my eye.” What is the diagnosis and how should it be treated?
· Question 95
A 57-year-old male presents to urgent care complaining of substernal chest discomfort for the past hour. The EKG reveals ST elevations in Leads II, III, and AVF. The nurse practitioner is aware that these changes are consistent with which myocardial infarction territory?
· Question 96
The nurse practitioner observes a tympanic membrane that is opaque, has decreased mobility, and is without bulging or inflammation. The least likely diagnosis for this patient is:
· Question 97
Alan, age 54, notices a bulge in his midline every time he rises from bed in the morning. You tell him it is a ventral hernia, also known as:
· Question 98
A 58-year-old man is diagnosed with Barrett’s esophagus after an endoscopy. He has no known allergies. Which of the following medications is MOST appropriate to treat this patient’s disorder?
· Question 99
Larry, age 66, is a smoker with hyperlipidemia and hypertension. He is 6 months post-MI. To prevent reinfarction, the most important behavior change that he can make is to:
· Question 100
Risk factors for acute arterial insufficiency include which of the following?
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- Submitted On 15 Nov, 2020 06:07:31
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