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PYC2603 CHAPTER 7 MATURE THOUGHT WISDOM AND MORAL INTELLIGENCE

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CHAPTER 7 - MATURE THOUGHT, WISDOM AND MORAL INTELLIGENCE

Chapter 7

Mature thought, wisdom and moral intelligence

-postformal thought

-wisdom

-moral development Orientation:

•      Postformal thought, wisdom and moral development are interrelated.

•      Growing older does not necessarily lead to the development of wisdom.

•      Older people have had more experiences, this will contribute to wisdom and morality.

•      Psychological maturity-characteristics: o   flexibility and adaptability of thought;

o  an openness to change;

o  a zest for life (notwithstanding the reality of hardship);

o  commitment to one’s work; o   the belief that change is possible;

o  a sense of humour and o   a sense of humility.

 POSTFORMAL THOUGHT Outcomes:

•      know the characteristics of postformal thought- a level of thought beyond that of Piaget’s formal operations.

•      know how to change thinking style from formal to postformal thought.

•      know how to compare immature thinkers with postformal thinkers by looking at how people reason about emotionally charged social situations.

Beyond Piaget: new ways of thinking in adulthood Piaget:-

•      thinking starts early childhood with manipulation of sensory info

•      progresses to concrete problem solving (amount of water in one container vs. other container)

•      many adolescents reach ‘formal operations’ think abstractly, systematically, logically, hypothesis.

•      Piaget says formal operations pinnacle of cognitive achievement

•      some developmentalists maintain changes in cognition extend beyond that stage

•      one line of Neo-Piagetian theory concerns higher levels of abstract reasoning,reflective thinking

•      another line – postformal thought  which combines logic with emotion and practical experience in the resolution of ambiguous problems

- Reflective thinking

•      complex form of cognition, (John Dewey) – active, persistent, and careful consideration of information or beliefs in the light of the evidence that supports them and the conclusions to which they lead.

•      reflective thinkers continually question supposed facts, draw inferences, make connections.

•      Building on state of formal operations (Piaget) reflective thinkers create complex intellectual systems that reconcile apparently conflicting ideas or considerations

o   e.g. putting together various theories of human development (or modern physics) into single overarching theory that explains many different kinds of behaviour

       capacity for reflective thinking emerge between ages 20 and 2

o  cortical regions of the brain that handle higher level thinking is then myelated o   also brain then forms new neurons, synapses and dendritic connections.

o  environmental support stimulate development of thicker, denser cortical connections

       thus even though all adults develop the capacity for becoming reflective thinkers.....

o   few obtain optimal proficiency o   fewer still can apply it consistently to various kinds of problems. o   e.g. young adults may understand concept of justice – but may have difficulty weighing. it in relation to other concepts – social welfare, law, ethics, responsibility. o   this may be why few reach Kohlberg’s highest level of moral reasoning. o   tertiary education may stimulate progress toward reflective thinking  Postformal thought : 

•       Adults sometimes give ‘wrong’ answers to questions, because their thinking took more factors into account. These ‘preformal’ responses could represent and advance in cognitive development.  (House, same shape, different size)

Since late 70’s, research shows that mature thinking richer and more complex than abstract intellectual

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[Solved] PYC2603 CHAPTER 7 MATURE THOUGHT WISDOM AND MORAL INTELLIGENCE

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CHAPTER 7 - MATURE THOUGHT, WISDOM AND MORAL INTELLIGENCE Chapter 7 Mature thought, wisdom and moral intelligence -postformal thought -wisdom -moral development Orientation: • Postformal thought, wisdom and moral development are interrelated. • Growing older does not necessarily lead to the development of wisdom. • Older people have had more experiences, this will contribute to wisdom and morality. • Psychological maturity-characteristics: o flexibility and adaptability of thought; o an openness to change; o a zest for life (notwithstanding the reality of hardship); o commitment to one’s work; o the belief that change is possible; o a sense of humour and o a sense of humility. POSTFORMAL THOUGHT Outcomes: • know the characteristics of postformal thought- a level of thought beyond that of Piaget’s formal operations. • know how to change thinking style from formal to postfor...
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