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NURS6501 Advanced Pathophysiology FINAL TEST BANK , All Weekly Quizzes, All Chapters Quzzes Answers,

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NURS6501 Advanced Pathophysiology FINAL TEST BANK , All Weekly Quizzes, All Chapters Quzzes Answers,

 

NURS 6501/NURS 6501N / NURS6501 Advanced Pathophysiology FINAL TEST BANK , All Weekly Quizzes, All Chapters Quzzes Answers,

NURS 6501 Advanced Pathophysiology FINAL TEST PREP Spring 2020 CHAPTER 32 1. A nurse recalls the major hormonal determinant of sexual differentiation in utero is: a. Estrogen b. Progesterone c. Growth hormone d. Testosterone 2. A nurse is preparing to teach about puberty. Which information should the nurse include? One substance associated with puberty in males and females is the hormone: a. Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) b. Luteinizing hormone (LH) c. Leptin d. Estrogen 3. A nurse is discussing female anatomy. Which body structure contains the openings to the vagina and urinary meatus? a. Vestibule b. Mons pubis c. Introitus d. Perineal body 4. While preparing to teach the staff about female anatomy, which information should be included? During the years that a woman is more likely to be sexually active, the vagina mucosa is protected from infection by: a. Presence of autoantibodies b. An acidic pH c. Low estrogen levels d. Douching 5. When a staff member asks the nurse what the thick middle layer of the uterine wall is called, what is the nurse's best response? The: a. Epithelial layer b. Endometrium c. Myometrium d. Perimetrium 6. A nurse recalls the _____ is lined with columnar epithelial cells. a. Perimetrium b. Endocervical canal c. Myometrium d. Vagina 7. A nurse is preparing to teach about female anatomy. Which information should the nurse include? The female erectile organ that secretes smegma is called the: a. Introitus b. Bartholin glands c. Clitoris d. Labia minora 8. A nurse is teaching about the menstrual cycle. Spinnbarkeit mucus is present during which stage of the menstrual cycle? a. Follicular b. Ovulation c. Luteal d. Menstrual 9. When the nurse describes the duct that carries the ovum from the ovary to the uterus, what is the nurse discussing? The: a. Isthmus b. Corpus c. Endocervical canal d. Fallopian tube 10. A nurse is teaching the staff about female hormones. Which hormone promotes the formation of channels in the mucus of the cervical os to facilitate sperm movement into the uterus? a. LH b. FSH c. Progesterone d. Estrogen 11. When a patient who is trying to get pregnant asks where the usual site of fertilization is, how should the nurse respond? The: a. Uterus b. Fimbriae c. Ampulla of the fallopian tubes d. Os of the fallopian tubes 12. A nurse is teaching about the female anatomy. Which information should the nurse include? Cells of the ____ have receptors for gonadotropins. a. Uterus b. Breast c. Ovary d. Vagina 13. The nurse is preparing to teach the staff about female anatomy. Which information should the nurse include? The ova are contained within the ovarian: a. Corpus luteum b. Follicle c. Stroma d. Infundibulum 14. Which information indicates the nurse has a good understanding of female anatomy? Having ejected a mature ovum, the ovarian follicle then develops into: a. An atretic follicle b. A theca cell c. A corpus luteum d. Scar tissue 15. When a staff member asks the nurse what is the most potent of the following estrogens, what is the nurse's best response? It is: a. Estradiol b. Testosterone c. Estrone d. Estriol 16. Which information indicates the nurse has a good understanding of progesterone? Progesterone is primarily secreted by the: a. Follicle b. Corpus luteum c. Granulose cells d. Anterior pituitary 17. A 56-year-old female is in menopause. She has ovarian failure. While checking the lab results, which of the following will the nurse find? a. Increased FSH b. Increased estrogen c. Decreased GnRH d. Decreased LH 18. Progesterone is often referred to as "the hormone of pregnancy," and the patient asks what this phrase means. How should the nurse respond? Progesterone is the hormone of pregnancy because it: a. Stimulates lactation b. Increases ciliary action in the fallopian tubes c. Thins the endometrium d. Prevents smooth muscle contraction of the uterus 19. When the nurse is teaching about the menstrual cycle, which information should be included? Menstruation is followed by the _____ phase of the menstrual cycle. a. Follicular b. Luteal c. Secretory d. Ischemic 20. Which information indicates the nurse has a good understanding of the menstrual cycle? When estrogen and progesterone levels drop, the endometrium enters the _____ phase. a. Proliferative b. Luteal c. Menstrual d. Recovery 21. A staff member asks the nurse when ovulation occurs. What is the nurse's best response? During the menstrual cycle, ovulation occurs when: a. There is a gradual decrease in estrogen levels. b. Inhibin B sharply spikes. c. A surge in progesterone occurs. d. Activin is released. 22. A nurse remembers the LH surge transforms granulosa cells into: a. Theca cells b. Corpus luteal cells c. Ova d. Fibroblasts 23. A nurse is teaching about female hormones. Which information should the nurse include? Endometrial thickening during the proliferative phase is stimulated by increased levels of: a. Estrogen b. Progesterone c. FSH d. Inhibin 24. A student asks the instructor which of the following hormones stimulates follicular maturation. How should the instructor respond? a. Activin b. Inhibin c. LH d. Follistatin 25. Changes in the cervical mucus can be used to identify the periods in which a female is most fertile. How should the nurse describe cervical mucus during ovulation? a. Blood-tinged b. Thin and watery c. Absent d. Abundant and elastic 26. A clinician is preparing to teach about spermatogenesis. Which information should the clinician include? Spermatogenesis occurs in the: a. Epididymis b. Inguinal canals c. Seminiferous tubules d. Vas deferens 27. When a nurse is describing the male anatomy, which paired glands lie posterior to the urinary bladder in the male? a. Seminal vesicles b. Prostate glands c. Cowper glands d. Parabladder glands 28. A patient asks the nurse what is the most sensitive area of the penis. What is the nurse's best answer? The area of the penis with the most nerve endings is the: a. Foreskin b. Glans c. Corpora cavernosa d. Corpus spongiosum 29. What term should the nurse use when discussing male sex hormones collectively? a. Gonadotropins b. Testosterones c. Catabolic steroids d. Androgens 30. When discussing the difference between male and female sex hormones, which information should the nurse include? The major difference between male and female sex hormone production is that: a. LH has no apparent action in the male. b. Sex hormone production in the male is relatively constant. c. Estrogen is not produced in the male. d. In the male, GnRH does not cause the release of FSH. 31. A nursing student asks the nurse where the glands of Montgomery are located. How should the nurse reply? The glands of Montgomery are located in the: a. Testes b. Breasts c. Uterus d. Vagina 32. When a staff member asks which structure secretes glucose-rich fluid into the semen, how should the nurse respond? a. Seminal vesicles b. Ejaculatory duct c. Prostate gland d. Cowper gland 33. When a teenager asks what makes the breast grow, what is the nurse's best response? The hormone that promotes breast development during puberty is: a. Progesterone b. Prolactin c. Oxytocin d. Estradiol 34. When a breastfeeding mom asks what causes letdown, which information should the nurse give the patient? The hormone that plays a role in breast milk ejection (letdown) during lactation is: a. Cortisol b. Prolactin c. Oxytocin d. Progesterone 35. While speaking to a group of older males, which information should the nurse share? The following is a normal characteristic of aging and the male reproductive system: a. Changes in libido are not related to health status. b. Tissue responsiveness to testosterone is increased. c. Testicles will hypertrophy. d. Refractory time after ejaculation is prolonged. 36. The nurse is discussing information about menopause with an older woman. Which of the following characteristics are associated with declining ovarian function with age? (Select all that apply.) a. Vasomotor flush b. Decline in bone mass c. Decreased risk of coronary disease d. Atrophy of the uterus e. Dysfunctional uterine bleeding 37. A 25-year-old female has a menstrual cycle of 28 days' duration and asks the nurse what day of the cycle will ovulation occur. The nurse responds that ovulation will occur on day _____. CHAPTER 33 1. The descent of the bladder and the anterior vaginal wall into the vaginal canal is called a _____. 2. Which of the following signs is usually the first clinical manifestation of breast cancer? 3. A 35-year-old nonpregnant female presents with breast discharge and is diagnosed with galactorrhea. The condition is most likely caused by _____. 4. During a routine pelvic exam, a 34-year-old female is found to have an ovarian cyst containing skin, hair, cartilage, and bone. This cyst is classified as a _____ cyst. 5. A 35-year-old female is diagnosed with ovarian cancer. CT scan reveals that the cancer is limited to the ovaries. It would be classified as stage _____. 6. A 21-year-old female is infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) following unprotected sexual intercourse with a male she recently met. She is now at higher risk of developing which of the following cancers? 7. A 25-year-old female presents with amenorrhea and hirsutism and is diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Lab testing will most likely reveal _____. 8. The most commonly occurring cancer of the female reproductive tract is _____ cancer. 9. A 38-year-old female was recently diagnosed with cancer. She learns that her mother almost miscarried while pregnant with her and was given diethylstilbestrol (DES) to prevent it. Which of the following cancers does she most likely have? 10. A 20-year-old female presents with pelvic and back pain severe enough to miss work beginning with the onset of menses. Physical examination supports the diagnosis of primary dysmenorrhea. The most likely cause of her condition is _____. 11. An 18-year-old female is diagnosed with dysmenorrhea. Which of the following symptoms will she most likely experience? 12. A 30-year-old female with newly diagnosed polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is being counseled by her OB-GYN. The physician indicates that this condition often results in _____. 13. A 40-year-old female presents with cramping and excessive vaginal bleeding. Ultrasound reveals benign uterine tumors in the smooth muscle cells of the myometrium. These tumors are commonly called _____. 14. A 23-year-old sexually active female presents with white copious discharge and itch and is diagnosed with yeast vaginitis. This condition is caused by overgrowth of which micro-organism? 15. A 35-year-old female is diagnosed with endometriosis. Suppressing which of the following would be the most appropriate medical treatment for this disease? 16. The nurse would anticipate the treatment for pelvic organ prolapse to be _____. CHAPTER 34 1. A 21-year-old presents with inflammation of the testes and is diagnosed with orchitis. What is the most likely cause of his symptoms? A. Herpes virus. B. Escherichia coli. C. Mumps. D. Cytomegalovirus. 2. A common complaint from men with mild to moderate benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) is _____. A. Decreased urinary stream. B. Infertility. C. Sexual dysfunction. D. Prostatodynia. 3. A 30-year-old presents with penile tenderness and discharge while the physical examination reveals that his foreskin cannot be retracted back of the glans penis. This assessment data is consistent with what condition? A. Paraphimosis. B. Phimosis. C. Peyronie disease. D. Priapism. 4. A 35-year-old presents with symptomology that is associated with syphilis. What organism is responsible for the development of syphilis? A. Treponema pallidum. B. Chlamydia trachomatis. C. Neisseria gonorrhoeae. D. Haemophilus ducreyi. 5. _____ is an inflammation of the glans penis. A. Phimosis. B. Balanitis. C. Priapism. D. Hydrocele. 6. Cryptorchidism can be defined as _____. A. A normal development state of the testes. B. An abnormal state in which the testes are overdeveloped. C. Lack of a scrotum. D. Problems with testicular descent. 7. A 38-year-old presents reporting difficulty having sexual intercourse because his penis bends during erection. What term describes this condition? A. Phimosis. B. Cryptorchidism. C. Paraphimosis. D. Peyronie disease. 8. An example of a parasitic sexually transmitted infection (STI) that is transmitted through close skin-to-skin contact is _____. A. Chlamydia. B Syphilis. C. Scabies. D. Gardnerella. 9. A 25-year-old sexually active male presents with urethritis and epididymitis, and is diagnosed with the most common bacterial STI in the United States. What is this infection? A. Gonorrhea. B. Syphilis. C. Chlamydia. D. Herpes. 10. Symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis are similar to symptoms of _____. A. Prostate cancer. B. Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). C. Urinary tract infection (UTI). D. Epididymitis. 11. An important factor in the development of benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH) among Americans is _____. A. Recurrent prostatitis. B. A diet high in fat. C. Cigarette smoking. D. Increased age. 12. In the majority of cases delayed puberty is due to _____. A. A disruption in the hypothalamus. B. A disruption in the pituitary. C. Slow maturation D. Ambiguity in sex determination. 13. The patient's medication has a side effect of gynecomastia. The nurse would respond that gynecomastia is _____. A. Lack of breast development in women. B. Overdevelopment of breast tissue in males. C. A type of breast cancer. D. Inflammation of the mammary glands. • Question 1 A 15-year-old female presents with flank pain, irritability, malaise, and fever. Tests reveal glomerulonephritis. When the parents ask what could have caused this, how should the nurse respond? • Question 2 When a child is admitted with acute renal failure, a clinician realizes the most common cause of acute renal failure is: • Question 3 A 35-year-old hypertensive male begins taking a diuretic. Which of the following common side effects of this medication should the nurse monitor? • Question 4 A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is: • Question 5 A 7-year-old male presents to his primary care provider for incontinence. His mother indicates that he has never been continent. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart? • Question 6 A 5-year-old male was diagnosed with glomerulonephritis. History reveals that he had an infection 3 weeks before the onset of this condition. The infection was most likely located in the: • Question 7 A 42-year-old female is diagnosed with chronic renal failure, and the nurse is discussing dietary treatment. Which information indicates the nurse understands dietary regimen? Treatment includes restricting: • Question 8 A urologist is discussing the phagocytic cells that lie between the layers of the renal corpuscle. What is the urologist describing? • Question 9 When a newborn is admitted with urinary tract infections (UTIs), which type of infection will the nurse look for in the newborn? • Question 10 A nurse is reviewing urinalysis results and notices glucose is present in the urine. A nurse realizes glucose will be excreted in the urine when: • Question 11 A 25-year-old female presents with burning urination. She was diagnosed with a urinary tract infection. When the nurse checks the culture results, which of the following organisms is most likely infecting her urinary tract? • Question 12 A 45-year-old female presents with hypertension, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, and anemia. She is diagnosed with chronic renal failure. When the patient asks what caused this anemia, how should the nurse respond? Your anemia is caused by: • Question 13 A 35-year-old female was severely burned and is hospitalized. She is now suffering from acute tubular necrosis (ATN). Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart? • Question 14 A nurse is preparing to teach about the loop of Henle. Which information should be included? The descending segment of the loop of Henle primarily allows for: • Question 15 Anemia accompanies chronic renal failure because of: • Question 16 A 3-year-old female presents with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), fever, poor growth and development, and feeding problems. Tests reveal a retrograde flow of urine from the urinary bladder into the ureters. When giving report to the oncoming shift, the nurse will call this condition: • Question 17 A 42-year-old male is involved in a motor vehicle accident during which he loses a lot of blood. The nurse realizes he is in acute renal failure caused by: • Question 18 While turning a patient with chronic renal failure, which principle should the nurse recall? Bone fractures are a risk factor in chronic renal failure because: • Question 19 While planning care for a patient who has acute pyelonephritis. A nurse recalls the most common condition associated with the development of acute pyelonephritis is: • Question 20 A 75-year-old male reports to his primary care provider loss of urine with cough, sneezing, or laughing. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart? • Question 21 A 2-year-old male is diagnosed with Wilms tumor. Which of the following clinical conditions is often associated with this disease? • Question 22 When the nurse is discussing the sodium-sensing cells of the glomerulus, what term should the nurse use? • Question 23 When describing the male urinary anatomy, which information should the nurse include? The portion of the male urethra that is closest to the bladder is the _____ portion. • Question 24 If a nurse wants to obtain the best estimate of renal function, which test should the nurse monitor? • Question 25 A nurse observes on the chart that a patient is admitted with Wilms tumors. A nurse knows the tumors are found in the: • Question 26 On average the kidneys receive approximately _____ of the cardiac output. • Question 27 The urologist is teaching about the nephrons that determine the concentration of the urine. The urologist is discussing the _____ nephrons. • Question 28 A 27-year-old male has a severe kidney obstruction leading to removal of the affected kidney. Which of the following would the nurse expect to occur? • Question 29 A 55-year-old male presents reporting urinary retention. Tests reveal that he has a lower urinary tract obstruction. Which of the following is of most concern to the nurse? • Question 30 A 19-year-old female was involved in a motor vehicle accident during which she sustained a closed head injury. She is now experiencing detrusor sphincter dyssynergia. Which of the following is the most beneficial medication treatment? • Question 31 A 6-year-old male is experiencing urine reflux from the urinary bladder into a grossly dilated ureter and calyces. He was diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux. This condition would be graded: • Question 32 Which of the following clusters of symptoms would make a clinician suspect a child has developed glomerulonephritis? • Question 33 A 25-year-old female is diagnosed with urinary tract obstruction. While planning care, the nurse realizes that the patient is expected to have hydronephrosis and a decreased glomerular filtration rate caused by: • Question 34 A nurse is describing the trigone. Which information should be included? The trigone is defined as: • Question 35 A 29-year-old female presents with cloudy urine, flank pain, hematuria, and fever. Which of the following does the nurse suspect the patient is most likely experiencing? • Question 36 While planning care for a patient with renal calculi, the nurse remembers the most important factor in renal calculus formation is: • Question 37 A 56-year-old male presents with flank pain and polyuria. Tests reveal that he has an enlarged prostate. Which of the following types of renal failure should the nurse monitor for as it is the most likely to occur? • Question 38 A 24-year-old female is diagnosed with renal calculus that is causing obstruction. Which of the following symptoms would she most likely experience? • Question 39 A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with renal failure. While the nurse is reviewing lab results, which of the following lab values would be most consistent with this diagnosis? • Question 40 A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is: NURS 6501 Week 10 Quiz • Question 1 A 4-year-old male is diagnosed with nephrotic syndrome. Which of the following assessment findings accompanies this condition? • Question 2 A 25-year-old female is diagnosed with urinary tract obstruction. While planning care, the nurse realizes that the patient is expected to have hydronephrosis and a decreased glomerular filtration rate caused by: • Question 3 When a patient’s renal system secretes rennin, what effect will that cause in the body? It causes the direct activation of: • Question 4 When the nurse discusses the glomerulus and Bowman capsule together, it is referred to as the renal: • Question 5 A 2-year-old male is diagnosed with Wilms tumor. Which of the following clinical conditions is often associated with this disease? • Question 6 A 45-year-old female presents with hypertension, anorexia, nausea and vomiting, and anemia. She is diagnosed with chronic renal failure. When the patient asks what caused this anemia, how should the nurse respond? Your anemia is caused by: • Question 7 A nurse observes on the chart that a patient is admitted with Wilms tumors. A nurse knows the tumors are found in the: • Question 8 On average the kidneys receive approximately _____ of the cardiac output. • Question 9 A 5-year-old male was diagnosed with glomerulonephritis. History reveals that he had an infection 3 weeks before the onset of this condition. The infection was most likely located in the: • Question 10 When a child is admitted with acute renal failure, a clinician realizes the most common cause of acute renal failure is: • Question 11 A nurse is reviewing urinalysis results and notices glucose is present in the urine. A nurse realizes glucose will be excreted in the urine when: • Question 12 Which of the following clusters of symptoms would make a clinician suspect a child has developed glomerulonephritis? • Question 13 A 3-year-old female presents with recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs), fever, poor growth and development, and feeding problems. Tests reveal a retrograde flow of urine from the urinary bladder into the ureters. When giving report to the oncoming shift, the nurse will call this condition: • Question 14 While planning care for a patient with renal calculi, the nurse remembers the most important factor in renal calculus formation is: • Question 15 A urologist is discussing the phagocytic cells that lie between the layers of the renal corpuscle. What is the urologist describing? • Question 16 A nurse is preparing to teach about the loop of Henle. Which information should be included? The descending segment of the loop of Henle primarily allows for: • Question 17 When a newborn is admitted with urinary tract infections (UTIs), which type of infection will the nurse look for in the newborn? • Question 18 A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is: • Question 19 A 42-year-old male is involved in a motor vehicle accident during which he loses a lot of blood. The nurse realizes he is in acute renal failure caused by: • Question 20 A 27-year-old male has a severe kidney obstruction leading to removal of the affected kidney. Which of the following would the nurse expect to occur? • Question 21 When describing the male urinary anatomy, which information should the nurse include? The portion of the male urethra that is closest to the bladder is the _____ portion. • Question 22 When the nurse is discussing the sodium-sensing cells of the glomerulus, what term should the nurse use? • Question 23 A 7-year-old male presents to his primary care provider for incontinence. His mother indicates that he has never been continent. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart? • Question 24 A 29-year-old female presents with cloudy urine, flank pain, hematuria, and fever. Which of the following does the nurse suspect the patient is most likely experiencing? • Question 25 A 30-year-old male is demonstrating hematuria with red blood cell casts and proteinuria exceeding 3 to 5 g/day, with albumin being the major protein. The most probable diagnosis the nurse will see documented on the chart is: • Question 26 A 24-year-old female is diagnosed with renal calculus that is causing obstruction. Which of the following symptoms would she most likely experience? • Question 27 Anemia accompanies chronic renal failure because of: • Question 28 A 25-year-old female presents with burning urination. She was diagnosed with a urinary tract infection. When the nurse checks the culture results, which of the following organisms is most likely infecting her urinary tract? • Question 29 A 15-year-old male was diagnosed with pharyngitis. Eight days later he developed acute glomerulonephritis. While reviewing the culture results, which of the following is the most likely cause of this disease? • Question 30 A 55-year-old male presents reporting urinary retention. Tests reveal that he has a lower urinary tract obstruction. Which of the following is of most concern to the nurse? • Question 31 A 42-year-old female is diagnosed with chronic renal failure, and the nurse is discussing dietary treatment. Which information indicates the nurse understands dietary regimen? Treatment includes restricting: • Question 32 A 75-year-old male reports to his primary care provider loss of urine with cough, sneezing, or laughing. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart? • Question 33 When a nurse is checking the urinalysis, plasma proteins should be absent from the urine because: • Question 34 A 6-year-old male is experiencing urine reflux from the urinary bladder into a grossly dilated ureter and calyces. He was diagnosed with vesicoureteral reflux. This condition would be graded: • Question 35 If a nurse wants to obtain the best estimate of renal function, which test should the nurse monitor? • Question 36 A nurse is describing the trigone. Which information should be included? The trigone is defined as: • Question 37 When a nurse is preparing to teach about urine, which information should the nurse include? Just before entering the ureter, urine passes through the: • Question 38 A 15-year-old female presents with flank pain, irritability, malaise, and fever. Tests reveal glomerulonephritis. When the parents ask what could have caused this, how should the nurse respond? • Question 39 The urologist is teaching about the nephrons that determine the concentration of the urine. The urologist is discussing the _____ nephrons. • Question 40 A 35-year-old female was severely burned and is hospitalized. She is now suffering from acute tubular necrosis (ATN). Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis the nurse will observe on the chart? • Question 41 NURS 6501 WEEK 9 Quiz • Question 2 When insulin binds to its receptors on muscle cells, an increase in glucose uptake by the muscle cells occurs. This is an example of a _____ effect by a hormone. • Question 3 If the patient has a problem with the pineal gland, which substance would the nurse monitor? • Question 4 A 12-year-old male is newly diagnosed with type 1 DM. Which of the following tests should the nurse prepare the patient to best confirm the diagnosis? • Question 5 A 30-year-old male presents to his primary care provider reporting visual disturbances. CT reveals a pituitary tumor and lab tests reveal elevated prolactin. He is diagnosed with prolactinoma. Which of the following treatments would the nurse help implement? • Question 6 If a patient had a problem with the hypothalamus, which of the following hormones would be affected? • Question 7 A 30-year-old male is diagnosed with a hormone-secreting tumor of the pancreas alpha cells. Which of the following would the nurse expect to be most likely increased in this patient? • Question 8 A 35-year-old female took corticosteroid therapy for several months. Which of the following would the nurse expect to find? • Question 9 While planning care for a patient from general anesthesia, which principle should the nurse remember? A side effect of some general anesthetic agents is _____ diabetes insipidus. • Question 10 A patient wants to know what can cause ACTH to be released. How should the nurse respond? • Question 11 When a nurse is assessing the physical features of individuals with Cushing syndrome, these findings will include: • Question 12 A patient wants to know why ADH is important in the body. What is the nurse’s best response? ADH is important in: • Question 13 A 25-year-old male presents to his primary care provider reporting changes in facial features. CT scan reveals a mass on the anterior pituitary, and lab tests reveal severely elevated growth hormone (GH). Which of the following would the nurse also expect to find? • Question 14 An endocrinologist isolated a new hormone and found it to be a water-soluble amine. Which of the following is most like this new hormone? • Question 15 A nurse is teaching a patient about insulin. Which information should the nurse include? Insulin is primarily regulated by: • Question 16 A 39-year-old female just had a baby. Which hormone will prevent excessive uterine bleeding? • Question 17 A 19-year-old female with type 1 DM was admitted to the hospital with the following lab values: serum glucose 500 mg/dl (high), urine glucose and ketones 4 (high), and arterial pH 7.20 (low). Her parents state that she has been sick with the “flu” for a week. Which of the following statements best explains her acidotic state? • Question 18 A nurse recalls insulin has an effect on which of the following groups of electrolytes? • Question 19 A 44-year-old patient with pulmonary tuberculosis (lung infection) is evaluated for SIADH. Which of the following assessment findings would be expected in this patient? • Question 20 What common neurologic disturbances should the nurse assess for in a patient with a pituitary adenoma? • Question 21 When a patient wants to know what most commonly causes hypoparathyroidism, how should the nurse reply? It is most commonly caused by: • Question 22 A 3-year-old male was diagnosed with congenital hypothyroidism. The parents ask the nurse if left untreated what will happen. What is the nurse’s best response? If left untreated, the child would have: • Question 23 A 45-year-old female has elevated thyroxine production. Which of the following would accompany this condition? • Question 24 A 12-year-old female is newly diagnosed with type 1 DM. When the parents ask what causes this, what is the nurse’s best response? • Question 25 A 22-year-old male is admitted to the intensive care unit with a closed head injury sustained in a motorcycle accident. The injury has caused severe damage to the posterior pituitary. Which of the following complications should the nurse anticipate? • Question 26 A 40-year-old male undergoes surgery for a PTH-secreting tumor in which the parathyroid is removed. Which of the following would the nurse expect following surgery? • Question 27 A 50-year-old female presents with lightheadedness and overall abnormal feelings. Hyperaldosteronism is diagnosed. Which of the following symptoms would the nurse expect? • Question 28 While planning care for a patient with hypothyroidism, which principle should the nurse remember? The basal metabolic rate is unusually _____ with hypothyroidism. • Question 29 A 50-year-old male patient is deficient in ADH production. Which of the following assessment findings would the nurse expect to find? • Question 30 A 35-year-old female with Graves disease is admitted to a medical-surgical unit. While the nurse is reviewing the lab tests, which results would the nurse expect to find? • Question 31 A 54-year-old patient with pulmonary tuberculosis (lung infection) is evaluated for syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion (SIADH). Which of the following electrolyte imbalances would be expected in this patient? • Question 32 Visual disturbances are a common occurrence in patients with untreated Graves disease. The endocrinologist explains to the patient that the main cause of these complications is: • Question 33 A 50-year-old male patient presents with polyuria and extreme thirst. He was given exogenous ADH. For which of the following conditions would this treatment be effective? • Question 34 A 15-year-old female presents with breast discharge, dysmenorrhea, and excessive excitability. Tests reveal that all her pituitary hormones are elevated. What does the nurse suspect as the most likely cause for these assessment findings? • Question 35 A 25-year-old male presents with fatigue, constipation, and sexual dysfunction. Tests reveal all pituitary hormones are normal and no masses are present. The nurse suspects the most likely cause of his symptoms is a dysfunction in the: • Question 36 A student asks the instructor which of the following is the most potent naturally occurring glucocorticoid. How should the instructor respond? NURS 6501 WEEK 8 Quiz • Question 2 Prolonged diarrhea is more serious in children than adults because: • Question 3 Which of the following symptoms would help a health care provider distinguish between ulcerative colitis and Crohn disease? • Question 4 The most common disorder associated with upper GI bleeding is: • Question 5 When an infant has increased bilirubin production and impaired hepatic excretion of bilirubin, what does the nurse suspect is occurring in the patient? • Question 6 An 8-week-old female is diagnosed with a congenital heart disease and Down syndrome. Her parents report that she has difficulty defecating. X-ray reveals anorectal malformation that causes complete obstruction often referred to as: • Question 7 A 40-year-old female presents complaining of pain near the midline in the epigastrium. Assuming the pain is caused by a stimulus acting on an abdominal organ, the pain felt is classified as: • Question 8 A 40-year-old male develops an intestinal obstruction related to protrusion of the intestine through the inguinal ring. This condition is referred to as: • Question 9 Manifestations associated with hepatic encephalopathy from chronic liver disease are the result of: • Question 10 A 60-year-old male is diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus. Which of the following factors most likely contributed to his disease? • Question 11 The most common cause of chronic vascular insufficiency among the elderly is: • Question 12 The most common clinical manifestation of portal hypertension is _____ bleeding. • Question 13 A 27-year-old male presents with fever, GI bleeding, hepatomegaly, and transient joint pain. He reports that as a child he received blood transfusions following a motor vehicle accident. He also indicates he was vaccinated against hepatitis B. Which of the following types of hepatitis does the clinician think he most likely has? • Question 14 A 6-month-old male infant is brought to the ER after the sudden development of abdominal pain, irritability, and vomiting followed by passing of “currant jelly” stool. Ultrasound reveals intestinal obstruction in which the ileum collapsed through the ileocecal valve and invaginated into the large intestine. This type of obstruction is referred to as: • Question 15 Early identification and treatment for metabolic disorders is important because: • Question 16 A 55-year-old female has general symptoms of gallstones but is also jaundiced. IV cholangiography would most likely reveal that the gallstones are obstructing the: • Question 17 The primary complication of enterocolitis associated with Hirschsprung disease is related to which finding? • Question 18 A 24-year-old male who sustained a head injury and fractured femur develops a stress ulcer. A common clinical manifestation of this ulcer is: • Question 19 A 60-year-old male presents with GI bleeding and abdominal pain. He reports that he takes NSAIDs daily to prevent heart attack. Tests reveal that he has a peptic ulcer. The most likely cause of this disease is: • Question 20 A 10-month-old is brought to the pediatrician by the mother who states the baby has been experiencing colicky pain followed by vomiting, sweating, nausea, and irritability. Testing reveals a condition in which one part of the intestine telescopes into another. From which type of intestinal obstruction is he suffering? • Question 21 Acute pancreatitis often manifests with pain to which of the following regions? • Question 22 The exocrine portion of the pancreas contains: • Question 23 A 22-year-old male underwent brain surgery to remove a tumor. Following surgery, he experienced a peptic ulcer. His ulcer is referred to as a(n) _____ ulcer. • Question 24 In alcoholic cirrhosis, hepatocellular damage is caused by: • Question 25 A 16-year-old female presents with abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant. Physical examination reveals rebound tenderness and a low-grade fever. A possible diagnosis would be: • Question 26 Reflux esophagitis is defined as a(n): • Question 27 Outbreaks of hepatitis _____ often occur in young children attending day care centers and can be attributed to poor hand washing. • Question 28 Chronic gastritis is classified according to the: • Question 29 A 50-year-old male is experiencing reflux of chyme from the stomach. He is diagnosed with gastroesophageal reflux. This condition is caused by: • Question 30 Where does the nurse expect the obstruction to be in a patient with extrahepatic portal hypertension? • Question 31 A 45-year-old male complains of heartburn after eating and difficulty swallowing. He probably has: • Question 32 A 55-year-old male died in a motor vehicle accident. Autopsy revealed an enlarged liver caused by fatty infiltration, testicular atrophy, and mild jaundice secondary to cirrhosis. The most likely cause of his condition is: • Question 33 Which of the following characteristics is associated with an acute occlusion of mesenteric blood flow to the small intestine? • Question 34 A 13-year-old female confides to her mother that she binge eats and induces vomiting to prevent weight gain. This disease is referred to as: • Question 35 An 8-week-old male was recently diagnosed with cystic fibrosis. Which of the following digestive alterations would be expected? • Question 36 For the patient experiencing esophageal reflux, the nurse would expect which sphincter to be malfunctioning? Course NURS-6501N-36,Advanced Pathophysiology.2018 Summer Qtr Test Quiz - Week 11 Status Completed Attempt Score 40 out of 40 points Time Elapsed 35 minutes out of 45 minutes Instructions Please answer each question below and click Submit when you have completed the Quiz. Results Displayed Submitted Answers, Correct Answers, Feedback • Question 1 0 out of 0 points When completing this quiz, did you comply with Code of Conduct including the expectations for academic integrity? • Question 2 A 20-year-old female presents with pelvic and back pain severe enough to miss work. She reports that the pain occurs with the onset of menses. Physical examination fails to find pelvic pathology. The most likely cause of her condition is: • Question 3 Which of the following signs is usually the first clinical manifestation of breast cancer? • Question 4 A 21-year-old female is infected with human papillomavirus (HPV) following unprotected sexual intercourse with a male she recently met. She is now at higher risk of developing which of the following cancers? • Question 5 A 25-year-old sexually active female presents with urethritis, dysuria, and cervical discharge. She is diagnosed with the most common bacteria STI in the United States. The student would identify this infection is due to: • Question 6 A 23-year-old sexually active female presents with white copious discharge and itch. She is diagnosed with yeast vaginitis caused by overgrowth of which microorganism? • Question 7 When the nurse describes the duct that carries the ovum from the ovary to the uterus, what is the nurse discussing? The: • Question 8 A 30-year-old male presents with penile tenderness and discharge. Physical examination reveals that his foreskin cannot be retracted back over the glans penis. He is suffering from: • Question 9 A 21-year-old male presents with inflammation of the testes. He has a high fever and edema and redness of the testes. Which organism is the most likely the cause of his symptoms? • Question 10 A 38-year-old female was recently diagnosed with cancer. She learns that her mother almost miscarried while pregnant with her and was given diethylstilbestrol (DES) to prevent it. Which of the following cancers does she most likely have? • Question 11 The most commonly occurring cancer of the female reproductive tract is _____ cancer. • Question 12 Copy of A 25-year-old female presents with amenorrhea and hirsutism. She is diagnosed with PCOS. Lab testing will most likely reveal: • Question 13 During a routine pelvic exam, a 34-year-old female is found to have an ovarian cyst containing skin, hair, cartilage, and bone. This cyst is classified as a _____ cyst. • Question 14 Progesterone is often referred to as “the hormone of pregnancy,” and the patient asks what this phrase means. How should the nurse respond? Progesterone is the hormone of pregnancy because it: • Question 15 When discussing the difference between male and female sex hormones, which information should the nurse include? The major difference between male and female sex hormone production is that: • Question 16 When a staff member asks the nurse what is the most potent of the following estrogens, what is the nurse’s best response? It is: • Question 17 • Question 18 A 56-year-old female is in menopause. She has ovarian failure. While checking the lab results, which of the following will the nurse find? • Question 19 A nurse is teaching the staff about female hormones. Which hormone promotes the formation of channels in the mucus of the cervical os to facilitate sperm movement into the uterus? • Question 20 The patient’s medication has a side effect of gynecomastia. The patient asks the nurse to define this term. The nurse would respond that gynecomastia is: • Question 21 A 35-year-old nonpregnant female presents complaining of breast discharge. She is diagnosed with galactorrhea. The condition is most likely caused by: • Question 22 A student asks the instructor which of the following hormones stimulates follicular maturation. How should the instructor respond? • Question 23 A nursing student asks the nurse where the glands of Montgomery are located. How should the nurse reply? The glands of Montgomery are located in the: • Question 24 Copy of The nurse would anticipate the treatment for pelvic organ prolapse to be: • Question 25 _____ is inflammation of the glans penis. • Question 26 When a breastfeeding mom asks what causes letdown, which information should the nurse give the patient? The hormone that plays a role in breast milk ejection (letdown) during lactation is: • Question 27 An example of a parasitic STI that is transmitted through close skin-to-skin contact is: • Question 28 A 19-year-old female presents with genital warts. Which of the following would cause this condition? • Question 29 An 18-year-old female is diagnosed with dysmenorrhea. Which of the following symptoms will she most likely experience? • Question 30 A 25-year-old female presents with amenorrhea and hirsutism. She is diagnosed with PCOS. Lab testing will most likely reveal: • Question 31 While preparing to teach the staff about female anatomy, which information should be included? During the years that a woman is more likely to be sexually active, the vagina mucosa is protected from infection by: • Question 32 A patient asks the nurse what is the most sensitive area of the penis. What is the nurse’s best answer? The area of the penis with the most nerve endings is the: • Question 33 When a staff member asks the nurse what the thick middle layer of the uterine wall is called, what is the nurse’s best response? The: • Question 34 Cryptorchidism can be defined as: • Question 35 A 68-year-old male presents complaining of difficulty having sexual intercourse. He reports that his penis curves during erection. This condition is referred to as: • Question 36 Which information indicates the nurse has a good understanding of the menstrual cycle? When estrogen and progesterone levels drop, the endometrium enters the _____ phase. • Question 37 In the majority of cases delayed puberty is due to: • Question 38 When the nurse is teaching about the menstrual cycle, which information should be included? Menstruation is followed by the _____ phase of the menstrual cycle. • Question 39 A 30-year-old female with newly diagnosed PCOS is being counseled by her OB-GYN. The physician indicates that this condition often results in: • Question 40 A 35-year-old female is diagnosed with endometriosis. Suppressing which of the following would be the most appropriate medical treatment for this disease? • Question 41 When a teenager asks what makes the breast grow, what is the nurse’s best response? The hormone that promotes breast development during puberty is: A 40-year-old male is concerned about the possibility of developing prostate cancer. He reports that his father died of prostate cancer, and he wants to take all preventive measures. He is told to consume a diet low in: •Question 9 A 30-year-old male presents with penile tenderness and discharge. Physical examination reveals that his foreskin cannot be retracted back over the glans penis. He is suffering from: •Question 10 A 20-year-old female presents with pelvic and back pain severe enough to miss work. She reports that the pain occurs with the onset of menses. Physical examination fails to find pelvic pathology. The most likely cause of her condition is: •Question 11 Changes in the cervical mucus can be used to identify the periods in which a female is most fertile. How should the nurse describe cervical mucus during ovulation? •Question 12 While speaking to a group of older males, which information should the nurse share? The following is a normal characteristic of aging and the male reproductive system: •Question 13 A nurse is discussing female anatomy. Which body structure contains the openings to the vagina and urinary meatus? •Question 14 When the nurse describes the duct that carries the ovum from the ovary to the uterus, what is the nurse discussing? The: •Question 15 When a staff member asks the nurse what the thick middle layer of the uterine wall is called, what is the nurse’s best response? The: •Question 16 While preparing to teach the staff about female anatomy, which information should be included? During the years that a woman is more likely to be sexually active, the vagina mucosa is protected from infection by: •Question 1

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