NR 507 Week 8 Final Exam/NR507 Week 8 Final Exam(Vers 2, NEW,75 Q&A):Chamberlain College of Nursing
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NR 507 Week 8 Final Exam / NR507 Week 8 Final Exam (Version 2, NEW): Advanced Pathophysiology: Chamberlain College of Nursing
Chamberlain NR 507 Final Exam / Chamberlain NR507 Final Exam (Version 2, LATEST): Advanced Pathophysiology
Question : 1
What term is used to describe a hernial protrusion of a saclike cyst that contains meninges, spinal fluid, and a portion of the spinal cord through a defect in a posterior arch of a vertebra?
Spina bifida occulta
What provides the best estimate of the functioning of renal tissue?
Glomerular filtration rate
Hourly urine output
Serum blood urea nitrogen and creatinine
The specific gravity of the solute concentration of the urine
Where are Langerhans cells found?
Where in the lung does gas exchange occur?
The tonic neck reflex observed in a newborn should no longer be obtainable by:
When renin is released, it is capable of which action?
Inactivation of autoregulation
Direct activation of angiotensin II
Direct release of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Formation of angiotensin I
The portion of the antigen that is configured for recognition and binding is referred to as what type of determinant?
Which sexually transmitted infection frequently coexists with gonorrhea?
Herpes simplex virus
How is the effectiveness of vitamin B12 therapy measured?
Serum vitamin B12
Carcinoma refers to abnormal cell proliferation originating from which tissue origin?
Which type of microorganism reproduces on the skin?
Bacteria and fungi
Protozoa and Rickettsiae
An infant has a crescendo-decrescendo systolic ejection murmur located between the second and third intercostal spaces along the left sternal border. A wide fixed splitting of the second heart sound is also found. These clinical findings are consistent with which congenital heart defect?
Atrial septal defect (ASD)
Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
Atrioventricular canal (AVC) defect
An infant diagnosed with a small patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) would likely exhibit which symptom?
Lack of symptoms
Need for surgical repair
Triad of congenital defects
What is the function of erythrocytes?
Which terms represent the correct nomenclature for benign and malignant tumors of adipose tissue, respectively?
What is the chance with each pregnancy that a child born to two parents with the sickle trait will have sickle cell disease (SCD)?
What pulmonary defense mechanism propels a mucous blanket that entraps particles moving toward the oropharynx?
Irritant receptors on the nares
The concentration of the final urine is determined by antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which is secreted by which gland?
Why is the herpes virus inaccessible to antibodies after the initial infection?
The virus does not circulate in the blood.
It does not have antibody receptors.
It resists agglutination.
The virus is a soluble antigen.
Which renal change is found in older adults?
Sharp decline in glomerular filtration rate
Sharp decline in renal blood flow
Decrease in the number of nephrons
Decrease in urine output
Which immunoglobulin is present in blood, saliva, breast milk, and respiratory secretions?
Which hormone prompts increased anxiety, vigilance, and arousal during a stress response?
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
Which statement is true regarding maternal antibodies provided to the neonate?
The antibodies enter into the fetal circulation by means of active transport.
The antibodies are transferred to the fetus via the lymphatic system.
The antibodies are directly related to the mother’s nutritional intake.
The antibodies reach protective levels after approximately 6 months of age.
The function of the tumor cell marker is to:
Provide a definitive diagnosis of cancer.
Treat certain types of cancer.
Predict where cancers will develop.
Screen individuals at high risk for cancer.
Which statement is true concerning a fungal infection?
Fungal infections occur only on skin, hair, and nails.
Phagocytes and T lymphocytes control fungal infections.
Fungal infections release endotoxins.
Vaccines prevent fungal infections.
Which change is a result of puberty and defends the vagina from infection?
The pH stabilizes between 7 and 8.
A thin squamous epithelial lining develops.
Vaginal pH becomes more acidic.
Estrogen levels are low.
The number of persons living with a specific disease at a specific point in time is referred to by which term?
Which risk factor for hypertension is influenced by genetic factors and lifestyle?
Having ejected a mature ovum, the ovarian follicle develops into a(n):
The failure of bones to ossify, resulting in soft bones and skeletal deformity, characterizes which disorder?
What is the term that denotes the duration of time or the intensity of pain that a person will endure before outwardly responding?
Aldosterone directly increases the reabsorption of:
Atrial fibrillation, rheumatic heart disease, and valvular prosthetics are risk factors for which type of stroke?
Which clinical manifestations are associated with fibromyalgia?
Hot, tender, and edematous muscle groups bilaterally
Fasciculations of the upper and lower extremity muscles
Exercise intolerance and painful muscle cramps
Sensitivity at tender points and profound fatigue
Prolonged high environmental temperatures that produce dehydration, decreased plasma volumes, hypotension, decreased cardiac output, and tachycardia cause which disorder of temperature regulation?
What is the leading cause of infertility in women?
Pelvic inflammatory disease
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Which substance is a water-soluble protein hormone?
What is the target tissue for prolactin-releasing factor?
What is the cause of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH)?
Diet high in saturated fats
Increased production of cholesterol by the liver
Reduction in the number of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors on cell surfaces
Abnormal function of lipoprotein receptors circulating in the blood
Regarding type 2 diabetes, obesity is considered to be what type of risk?
Which four-step process correctly describes muscle contraction?
Coupling, contraction, relaxation, excitation
Contraction, relaxation, excitation, coupling
Relaxation, excitation, coupling, contraction
Excitation, coupling, contraction, relaxation
Adoption studies have shown that the offspring of an alcoholic parent when raised by nonalcoholic parents have what amount of an increased risk of developing alcoholism?
Which hormone stimulates gonads to produce both male and female hormones?
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
Luteinizing hormone (LH)
A person with 47, XXY karyotype has the genetic disorder resulting in which syndrome?
Which would be considered a positive symptom of schizophrenia?
Poverty of speech
Lack of social interaction
What term describes the loss of the comprehension or production of language?
Consanguinity refers to the mating of persons:
Who are unrelated
When one has an autosomal dominant disorder
Having common family relations
When one has a chromosomal abnormality
The major sleep center is located in which section of the brain?
Which type of ion directly controls the contraction of muscles?
Bacteria gain access to the female urinary tract by which means?
Systemic blood that is filtered through the kidney
Bacteria traveling from the lymph adjacent to the bladder and kidneys
Bacteria ascending the urethra into the bladder
Colonization of the bladder when urine is static
A criterion for a diagnosis of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is a period of excessive worrying that lasts for at least how many months?
What is the first indication of nephrotic syndrome in children?
Scrotal or labial edema
An amniocentesis indicates a neural tube defect when an increase in which protein is evident?
What is the risk for the recurrence of autosomal dominant diseases?
Which term is used to identify the temporary displacement of two bones causing the bone surfaces to partially lose contact?
The tear in a ligament is referred to as a:
Why is prolonged diarrhea more severe in children than it is in adults?
Less water is absorbed from the colon in children.
Fluid reserves are smaller in children.
Children have a higher fluid volume intake.
Children have diarrhea more often than adults.
The BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations increase the risk of which cancer in women?
Insulin transports which electrolyte in the cell?
What term is used to identify an interlacing bundle of dense, white fibrous tissue that is richly supplied with nerves, blood vessels, and lymphatic vessels?
Which of the following is a lipid-soluble hormone?
The mucosal secretions of the cervix secrete which immunoglobulin?
The sudden apparent arousal in which a child expresses intense fear or another strong emotion while still in a sleep state characterizes which sleep disorder?
What is the basic structural unit in compact bone?
Small channels called canaliculi
Osteocytes within the lacunae
Tiny spaces within the lacunae
Parkinson disease is a degenerative disorder of the brain’s:
Which pain theory proposes that a balance of impulses conducted from the spinal cord to the higher centers in the central nervous system (CNS) modulates the transmission of pain?
Saliva contains which immunoglobulin (Ig)?
What type of fracture occurs at a site of a preexisting bone abnormality and is a result of a force that would not normally cause a fracture?
An infant suddenly develops abdominal pain, becomes irritable (colicky), and draws up the knees. Vomiting occurs soon afterward. The mother reports that the infant passed a normal stool, followed by one that looked like currant jelly. Based on these data, which disorder does the nurse suspect?
Congenital aganglionic megacolon
In 95% of children of delayed puberty, the problem is caused by:
Disruption in the hypothalamus
Disruption of the pituitary
Deficit in estrogen or testosterone
Physiologic hormonal delays
Which characteristic is true of type II (white fast-motor) muscle fibers?
Slow contraction speed
Fast conduction velocities
Profuse capillary supply
Neurofibrillary tangles characterize which neurologic disorder?
Which hormone triggers uterine contractions?
How does the release (increase) of epinephrine raise body temperature?
The release of epinephrine causes shivering.
It affects muscle tone.
It raises the metabolic rate.
It increases and strengthens the heart rate.
Which hormone is linked to an increase in appetite during puberty?
[Solved] NR 507 Week 8 Final Exam/NR507 Week 8 Final Exam(Vers 2, NEW,75 Q&A):Chamberlain College of Nursing
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