Primary Care of Adolescents & Children (NURS 6541) . Summer Quiz 2019, questions and answers
Primary Care of Adolescents & Children (Walden University) Quiz 2019, questions and answers • Question 1 When completing this quiz, did you comply with Walden University’s Code of Condu ct including the expectations for academic integrity? • Question 2 1 out of 1 points A 50-year-old male suffers a severe head injury when his motorcycle hits a tree. His breathing becomes deep and rapid but with normal pattern. What term should the nurse use for this condition? • Question 3 0 out of 1 points A 15-year-old male is brought to the ER for treatment of injuries received in a motor vehicle accident. An MRI reveals spinal cord injury, and his body temperature fluctuates markedly. The most accurate explanation of this phenomenon is that: • Question 4 1 out of 1 points A 75-year-old female suffers a stroke and now has difficulty writing and production of language. This condition is most likely caused by occlusion of the: • Question 5 1 out of 1 points The nursing student would correctly identify the most common symptom of brain abscess as: • Question 6 1 out of 1 points A nurse should document on the chart that chronic pain is occurring when the patient reports the pain has lasted longer than: • Question 7 1 out of 1 points A 60-year-old female with a recent history of head trauma and a long-term history of hypertension presents to the ER for changes in mental status. MRI reveals that she had a hemorrhagic stroke. What does the nurse suspect caused this type of stroke? • Question 8 Which system modulates a patient’s perception of pain? 1 out of 1 points • • Question 9 1 out of 1 points An initial assessment finding associated with acute spinal cord injury is the injury. • Question 10 1 out of 1 points A patient has memory loss of events that occurred before a head injury. What cognitive disorder does the nurse suspect the patient is experiencing? • Question 11 1 out of 1 points A 23-year-old female begins having problems with tiredness, weakness, and visual changes. Her diagnosis is multiple sclerosis (MS). What is occurring in the patient’s body? • Question 12 1 out of 1 points A 15-month-old child from Pennsylvania was brought to the ER for fever, seizure activity, cranial palsies, and paralysis. Which of the following diagnosis will be documented in the chart? • • Question 13 1 out of 1 points Which finding indicates the patient is having complications from heat stroke? • Question 14 1 out of 1 points A patient with an addiction to alcohol checked into a rehabilitation center. He experiences delirium, inability to concentrate, and is easily distracted. From which of the following is he most likely suffering? • Question 15 1 out of 1 points A 20-year-old male was brought to the emergency room (ER) for severe burns. He requested something for the excruciating pain he was experiencing. Blocking which of the following neurotransmitters would reduce his pain? • Question 16 1 out of 1 points A 20-year-old male was at the supermarket when he fell to the ground. Bystanders reported that he lost consciousness and his body tensed up then relaxed, then tensed and relaxed several times. He most likely was experiencing a(n): • • Question 17 1 out of 1 points When a patient has a fever, which of the following thermoregulatory mechanisms is activated? • Question 18 1 out of 1 points A teenage boy sustains a severe closed head injury following an all-terrain vehicle (ATV) accident. He is in a state of deep sleep that requires vigorous stimulation to elicit eye opening. How should the nurse document this in the chart? • Question 19 1 out of 1 points When a patient has a peculiar sensation that immediately precedes a seizure, what term should the nurse use to describe this sensation? • Question 20 1 out of 1 points A child presents to his primary care provider with disorientation, delirium, aggressiveness, and stupor. His parents report that he was recently ill with an upper respiratory infection, which they treated with aspirin. Which of the following is the most likely diagnosis? • Question 21 1 out of 1 points A 33-year-old male is brought to the ER for treatment of injuries received in a motor vehicle accident. An MRI reveals an injury of the cervical cord. Cord swelling in this region may be life threatening because: • Question 22 1 out of 1 points A 69-year-old male with a history of alcohol abuse presents to the emergency room (ER) after a month-long episode of headaches and confusion. Based on his alcoholism, a likely cause of his neurologic symptoms is: • Question 23 1 out of 1 points When planning care for a child in pain, which principle should the nurse remember? The pain threshold in children is that of adults. • Question 24 1 out of 1 points An older adult is admitted to the ER following a fall. The patient complains of pain in the back. The patient has a history of osteoporosis. The nurse would expect the patient’s injury and subsequent pain is most likely due to: • Question 25 1 out of 1 points Parents of a 3-month-old infant bring him to the emergency room (ER) after he has had a seizure. He has muscle rigidity, and the parents report they are of Jewish ancestry. For what genetic disease should this infant be screened? • Question 26 1 out of 1 points A 15-year-old male was struck by a motor vehicle and suffered a traumatic brain injury. Paramedics found him unconscious at the scene of the accident. During the ambulance ride, he regained consciousness and was able to maintain a conversation with the medical staff. Upon arrival to hospital, he was alert and oriented. Physical exam reveals confusion and impaired responsiveness. What is the probable nature of his brain injury based on this history?
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