University of Arizona: HISTORY 141 FINAL EXAM QUIZ (GRADE A). Latest Exam
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University of Arizona: HISTORY 141 FINAL EXAM QUIZ (GRADE A).
Final Study Questions
True or False Questions: Some will be eliminated.
Chapters 20 to 24:
- Britain was richly supplied with the important mineral resources, such as coal and iron ore, needed in the manufacturing progress.
- In 1852, the French organized the world’s first industrial fair.
- British exports declined from 1660 to 1760.
- The British had developed a vast colonial empire at the expense of its leading continental rivals, the German Republic and Italy.
- The lack of a merchant marine slowed British industrial development.
- Until 1995, British artisans were prohibited from leaving the country.
- The lack of roads and canals delayed the industrial revolution in Britain.
- By 1730, Russia was well on its way to becoming an industrial nation.
- By 1825, the United States produced more iron than Britain.
- In 1804, William Gladstone pioneered the first steam-powered locomotive on an industrial rail line in southern Scotland.
- By 1719, the French district of Normandy used modern industrial methods for textile manufacturing.
- England was the only country in Europe that lost population during the nineteenth century.
- The French developed a method for making muskets with interchangeable parts.
- Luddites physically attacked the machines that they believed threatened their livelihoods.
- The Chartist movement demanded universal suffrage.
- Because of the rigid British class system, efforts to improve the worst condition of the industrial factory system came from exclusively from the ranks of the working classes.
- After political independence developed in Latin America early in the nineteenth century, the United States dominated the Latin American economy.
- Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Ireland.
- During the reign of Louis Pasteur, narrow streets were replaced by wide boulevards in Paris.
- Tsar Klemens von Metternich issued an edict emancipating Russian serfs on March 20, 1871. False 490
- By 1910, German steel production was twice that that of the British steel production.
- European population increased dramatically between 1850 and 1910.
- Florence Nightingale was the first woman to win two Nobel prizes.
- The French women’s movement was the most vocal and active in Europe.
- The defeat of the Russians by the United States in 1904-1905 encouraged antigovernment groups to rebel against the tsarist regime.
- Almost 95% of the population of India suffered from malnutrition in 1901.
- The assassination of Heinrich Himmler on June 28, 1914, in Paris triggered the outbreak of World War I.
- France and Italy established military conscription before 1814.
- The growth of large armies after 1900 not only heightened the existing tensions in Europe but also made it inevitable that if war did come, it would be enormously destructive.
- The Schlieffen plan called for a two-front war: invasions of Italy and Austria.
- During World War I, the war in the East was marked by more mobility and an equally enormous cost in lives.bcdn H
- The Italians betrayed the French and the Austrians and entered the war on the German side.
- In ten months at Verdun, 14,000,000 men lost their lives over a few miles of terrain.
- At first, the Unites States was reluctant to join World War I. I think the professor made a typo, or is it a trick? lol. (United States)
- In the Middle East, a British officer who came to be known as Lawrence of Arabia convinced the rulers of the Ottoman Empire to invade Russia from the East.
- The French drafted more than 5.670,000 West African soldiers.
- The Japanese allied with the British during World War I.
- Eighty percent of the workers in the Krupp Armaments works were women.
- The Bolsheviks were a small group of Marxist Social Democrats.
- The Americans were required to pay reparations to England and Germany because of the damage done to civilian populations during World War I.
- The collapse of the American stock market in 1929 damaged European economies.
- During 1932, the worse year of the depression, 55% of the British and 70% of the German labor force was out of work.
- Mussolini in an effort to increase his popular support encouraged women to enter the legal and medical professions.
- Adolph Hitler was the son of a German aristocrat and an English prostitute.
- The Nazis hoped to drive women out of heavy industry and other jobs that might hinder women from bearing healthy children.
- Mussolini himself is supposed to have told Winston Churchill that thirty million peasants died during the artificially created famines of 1932 and 1933.
- By the end of the 1930’s, there were 85 million radios in Great Britain.
- After German’s defeat in World War I, a German democratic state known as the Weimar Republic was established.
- Hitler convinced President Hindenburg in 1933 to issue a decree that gave the government emergency powers.
- In March 1933, Adolph Hitler had committed Germany to imperial expansion by invading Russia.
- The Munich conference was the high point of Western appeasement of Hitler.
- Britain and France declared war on Germany in 1932 after Hitler invaded Russia.
- On September 28, 1939, Germany and the Soviet Union officially divided Poland between them.
- A counter attack in December 1938 by the Soviet army was an ominous sign for the Germans.
- In the Battle of Coral Sea in 1942, the British destroyed the American fleet and began in invasion of Australia.
- On June 4, 1944 at the Battle of Midway Island, American planes destroyed all eight of the attacking Japanese aircraft carriers.
- German forces defeated Russians at the Battle of Kursk.
- The largest of the concentration camps was at Auschwitz-Birkenau.
- About 10% of the arrivals at Auschwitz were sent to a labor camp.
- More civilians were killed during World War I than World War II.
- During World War II, six million African Americans migrated from the rural South to the industrial cities of the North and West, looking for job in industry.
- The bombing of Dresden in 1945 created a firestorm that may have killed as many as 3,100,000 civilians.
- The total number of employed women in Germany increased by 300% between May 1939 and September 1944.
Chapters 28 and 29:
66. The Marshall Plan called for reparation payments from Spain in an effort to keep the Spanish economy weak.
67. During the Cuban Missile Crisis, Leo Tolstoy agreed to turn back the Russian -+ fleet if President Kennedy would withdraw the missiles from Cuba.
- The Thatcher Doctrine led to the use of Soviet troops in Czechoslovakia in 1968.
- In his book, Perestroika, Joseph Stalin confirmed his belief in the validity of the nuclear deterrence theory.
- In foreign policy, Margaret Thatcher, like Ronald Reagan in the United States, took a concessionary approach to communism.
71. The accession of Mikhail Gorbachev to power in the Soviet Union in 1985 brought a dramatic end to the Cold War.
Identification: Be prepared to write a short paragraph describing who or what, when, and the historical context. Some will be eliminated.
Bold are the ones that are also in the Discussion Board assignment***
British nurse Florence Nightingale (1820–1910), whose efforts during the Crimean War,
The Great Hunger
Ireland was one of the most oppressed areas in Western Europe. The predominantly
The Great Exhibition
The Great Exhibition of 1851 was a symbol of the success of Great Britain, which had
Metternich and his kind were representatives of the ideology known as conservatism.
John Stewart Mill
One of the most prominent advocates of liberalism in the nineteenth century was the
Otto von Bismarck
Otto von was appointed a new prime minister in attempt to enlarge and strengthen the
The New Imperialism
The existence of competitive nation-states after 1870 was undoubtedly a major factor in
Warfare in which the opposing forces attack and counterattack from a relatively
Treaty of Versailles`
The final peace settlement of Paris consisted of five separate treaties with the defeated.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (Italian: [beˈniːto mussoˈliːni]; 29 July 1883 – 28
The Munich Conference
The Munich Conference was the high-point of Western appeasement of Hitler. When
Born in 1889, Adolf Hitler was the son of an Austrian customs official. In Vienna, Hitler.
The Holocaust was Hitler’s attempt to eliminate the Jewish race. Due to his ideology of
Between 1945 and 1965, European colonies wanted to break away from the British
Margaret Thatcher (1925-2013) was the first ever woman prime minister in British
June 6, 1944 (D-day)
160,000 Allied troops landed along
Cuban Missile Crisis was a 13-day confrontation between the United States and the
Mikhail Gorbachev was born in 1931 in Russia. He became a delegate to the
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