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Chamberlain College Of Nursing > NURSING > 2020 NR 508 Patho COMPLETE LAST EXAM (ALREADY GRADED A)

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Question 1 :

Which organism is responsible for the development of syphilis?

 

Neisseria syphilis

 

Treponema pallidum

 

Haemophilus ducreyi

 

Chlamydia trachomatis

 

Question 2.

 :

Kidney stones in the upper part of the ureter would produce pain referred to which anatomical area?

 

:

Vulva or penis

 

Umbilicus

 

Thighs

 

Lower abdomen

 

 

 

Question 3.

:

Carcinoma refers to abnormal cell proliferation originating from which tissue origin?

 

Blood vessels

 

Epithelial cells

 

Connective tissue

 

Glandular tissue

 

 

 

Question 4.

Which immunoglobulin is present in blood, saliva, breast milk, and respiratory secretions?

 

IgA

 

IgE

 

IgG

 

IgM

 

 

 

Question 5.

What period follows depolarization of the myocardium and represents a period during which no new cardiac potential can be propagated?

 

Refractory

 

Hyperpolarization

 

Threshold

 

Sinoatrial (SA)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 6.

Stress-induced norepinephrine results in:

 

Pupil constriction

 

Peripheral vasoconstriction

 

Increased sweat gland secretions

 

Decreased blood pressure

 

 

 

Question 7.

What is the suggested mean blood pressure for an 8- to 9-year-old child?

 

104/55 mm Hg

 

106/58 mm Hg

 

112/62 mm Hg

 

121/70 mm Hg

 

 

 

Question 8.

Graves disease is a result of:

 

Increased levels of circulating immunoglobulins

 

The infiltration of the thyroid with T lymphocytes

 

Autoantibodies binding to thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)-receptor sites

 

Exposure to acetylates in substances such as rubber

 

 

 

Question 9.

Which statement is true regarding pain and cancer?

 

 

 

Pain is primarily a result of pressure caused by the tumor.

 

Pain indicates the metastasis of a cancer.

 

Pain is usually the initial symptom of cancer.

 

Pain is generally associated with late-stage cancer.

 

 

 

Question 10.

Continued therapy of pernicious anemia (PA) generally lasts how long?

 

6 to 8 weeks

 

8 to 12 months

 

Until the iron level is normal

 

The rest of one’s life

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 11.

Which of the following are formed elements of the blood that are not cells but are disk-shaped cytoplasmic fragments essential for blood clotting?

 

Monocytes

 

Platelets

 

Macrophages

 

Erythrocytes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 12.

Question :

The ability of the pathogen to invade and multiply in the host is referred to as:

 

Infectivity

 

Toxigenicity

 

Pathogenicity

 

Virulence

 

 

 

Question 13.

Why is the herpes virus inaccessible to antibodies after the initial infection?

 

The virus does not circulate in the blood.

 

It does not have antibody receptors.

 

It resists agglutination.

 

The virus is a soluble antigen.

 

 

 

Question 14.

Which normal physiologic change occurs in the aging pulmonary system?

 

 

 

Decreased flow resistance

 

Fewer alveoli

 

Stiffening of the chest wall

 

Improved elastic recoil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 15.

Question :

Which type of microorganism reproduces on the skin?

 

Viruses

 

Bacteria and fungi

 

Protozoa and Rickettsiae

 

Mycoplasma

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 16.

The common hay fever allergy is expressed through a reaction that is mediated by which class of immunoglobulins?

 

IgE

 

IgG

 

IgM

 

T cells

 

 

 

Question 17.

Obesity creates a greater risk for dehydration in people because:

 

Adipose cells contain little water because fat is water repelling.

 

The metabolic rate of obese adults is slower than the rate of lean adults.

 

The rate of urine output of obese adults is higher than the rate of output of lean adults.

 

The thirst receptors of the hypothalamus do not function effectively.

 

 

 

Question 18.

The World Health Organization (WHO) defines grade 1 (overweight) as a BMI of:

 

18.5 to 24.9

 

25 to 29.9

 

30 to 39.9

 

40 to 50.9

 

 

 

Question 19.

Which type of anemia occurs as a result of thalassemia?

 

Microcytic, hypochromic

 

Microcytic, normochromic

 

Macrocytic, hyperchromic

 

Macrocytic, normochromic

 

 

 

 

 

Question 20.

The area of the kidneys that contains the glomeruli and portions of the tubules is called the:

 

Medulla

 

Cortex

 

Pyramids

 

Columns

 

 

 

Question 21.

At birth, which statement is true?

 

Systemic resistance and pulmonary resistance fall.

 

Gas exchange shifts from the placenta to the lung.

 

Systemic resistance falls and pulmonary resistance rises.

 

Systemic resistance and pulmonary resistance rise.

 

 

 

 

 

Question 22.

On average, what percent of cardiac output do the kidneys receive?

 

10% to 20%

 

15% to 20%

 

20% to 25%

 

30% to 35%

 

 

 

Question 23.

How is the effectiveness of vitamin B12 therapy measured?

 

Reticulocyte count

 

Serum transferring

 

Hemoglobin

 

Serum vitamin B12

 

 

 

 

 

Question 24.

What characteristic do atopic individuals have that make them genetically predisposed to develop allergies?

 

Greater quantities of histamine

 

More histamine receptors

 

Greater quantities of IgE

 

A deficiency in epinephrine

 

 

 

Question 25.

What is the major virus involved in the development of cervical cancer?

 

Herpes simplex virus type 6

 

Herpes simplex virus type 2

 

Human papillomavirus

 

Human immunodeficiency virus

 

 

 

 

 

Question 26.

In which structure does B lymphocytes mature and undergo changes that commit them to becoming B cells?

 

Thymus gland

 

Regional lymph nodes

 

Bone marrow

 

Spleen

 

 

 

Question 27.

Which of the following causes condylomata acuminata or genital warts?

 

Chlamydia

 

Adenovirus

 

Human papillomavirus (HPV)

 

Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1)

 

 

 

Question 28.

Where in the lung does gas exchange occur?

 

Trachea

 

Segmental bronchi

 

Alveolocapillary membrane

 

Main bronchus

 

 

 

 

 

Question 29.

The concentration of the final urine is determined by antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which is secreted by which gland?

 

Posterior pituitary

 

Thyroid

 

Parathyroid

 

Anterior pituitary

 

 

 

 

 

Question 30.

Exhaustion occurs if stress continues when which stage of the general adaptation syndrome is not successful?

 

Flight or fight

 

Alarm

 

Adaptation

 

Arousal

 

 

 

 

 

Question 31.

In a full-term infant, the normal erythrocyte life span is _____ days, whereas the adult erythrocyte life span is _____ days.

 

30 to 50; 80

 

60 to 80; 120

 

90 to 110; 140

 

120 to 130; 150

 

 

 

 

 

Question 32.

Research has shown a link between cancer and which sexually transmitted disease?

 

Syphilis

 

Gonorrhea

 

Human papillomavirus

 

Pelvic inflammatory disease

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 33.

What is the most common predisposing factor to obstructive sleep apnea in children?

 

Chronic respiratory infections

 

Adenotonsillar hypertrophy

 

Obligatory mouth breathing

 

Paradoxic breathing

 

 

 

 

 

Question 34.

What is the most commonly reported symptom of cancer treatment?

 

Nausea

 

Fatigue

 

Hair loss

 

Weight loss

 

 

 

 

 

Question 35.

Blood cells that differentiate into macrophages are known as:

 

Monocytes

 

Neutrophils

 

Eosinophils

 

Basophils

 

 

 

 

 

Question 36.

Where are Langerhans cells found?

 

Skin

 

Intestinal lining

 

Kidney

 

Thyroid

 

 

 

 

 

Question 37.

Which glycoprotein protects against urolithiasis and is a ligand for lymphokines?

 

Uromodulin

 

Nephrin

 

Urodilatin

 

Cystatin

 

 

 

 

 

Question 38.

How does chest wall compliance in an infant differ from that of an adult?

 

An adult’s chest wall compliance is lower than an infant’s.

 

An adult’s chest wall compliance is higher than an infant’s.

 

An adult’s chest wall compliance is the same as an infant’s.

 

An adult’s chest wall compliance is dissimilar to that of an infant’s.

 

 

 

Question 39.

Which renal change is found in older adults?

 

Sharp decline in glomerular filtration rate

 

Sharp decline in renal blood flow

 

Decrease in the number of nephrons

 

Decrease in urine output

 

 

 

 

 

Question 40.

Which nutritional deficiency in a pregnant woman is associated with neural tube defect (NTD)?

 

Iron

 

Vitamin C

 

Zinc

 

Folate

 

 

 

 

 

Question 41.

Which sexually transmitted infection frequently coexists with gonorrhea?

 

Syphilis

 

Herpes simplex virus

 

Chlamydia

 

Chancroid

 

 

 

 

 

Question 42.

Which hormone prompts increased anxiety, vigilance, and arousal during a stress response?

 

Norepinephrine

 

Epinephrine

 

Cortisol

 

Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

 

 

 

Question 43.

What is the function of erythrocytes?

 

Tissue oxygenation

 

Hemostasis

 

Infection control

 

Allergy response

 

 

 

 

 

Question 44.

Aspiration is most likely to occur in the right mainstem bronchus because it:

 

Extends vertically from the trachea.

 

Is narrower than the left mainstem bronchus.

 

Comes into contact with food and drink first.

 

Is located at the site where the bronchi bifurcate.

 

 

 

 

 

Question 45.

Stress-induced sympathetic stimulation of the adrenal medulla causes the secretion of:

 

Epinephrine and aldosterone

 

Norepinephrine and cortisol

 

Epinephrine and norepinephrine

 

Acetylcholine and cortisol

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 46.

Chvostek and Trousseau signs indicate which electrolyte imbalance?

 

Hypokalemia

 

Hyperkalemia

 

Hypocalcemia

 

Hypercalcemia

 

 

 

 

 

Question 47.

What pulmonary defense mechanism propels a mucous blanket that entraps particles moving toward the oropharynx?

 

Nasal turbinates

 

Alveolar macrophages

 

Cilia

 

Irritant receptors on the nares

 

 

 

 

 

Question 48.

Where are alveolar macrophages found?

 

Skin

 

Breasts

 

Gastrointestinal tract

 

Lungs

 

 

 

 

 

Question 49.

Which blood cells are the chief phagocytes involved in the early inflammation process?

 

Neutrophils

 

Monocytes

 

Eosinophils

 

Erythrocytes

 

 

 

 

 

Question 50.

The portion of the antigen that is configured for recognition and binding is referred to as what type of determinant?

 

Immunotope

 

Paratope

 

Epitope

 

Antigenitope

 

 

 

 

 

Question 51.

An amniocentesis indicates a neural tube defect when an increase in which protein is evident?

 

Chorionic

 

Alpha fetoprotein

 

Amniotic

 

Embryonic

 

 

 

 

 

Question 52.

What is the cause of familial hypercholesterolemia (FH)?

 

Diet high in saturated fats

 

Increased production of cholesterol by the liver

 

Reduction in the number of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors on cell surfaces

 

Abnormal function of lipoprotein receptors circulating in the blood

 

 

 

 

 

Question 53.

Which medication compensates for the deficiency that occurs as a result of cystic fibrosis?

 

Salt tablets

 

Pancreatic enzymes

 

Antihypertensives

 

Antibiotics

 

 

 

 

 

Question 54.

Which statement is true regarding the major difference between male and female sex hormone production?

 

Luteinizing hormone has no apparent action in a man.

 

In a man, sex hormone production is relatively constant.

 

Estradiol is not produced in a man.

 

In a man, gonadotropin-releasing hormone does not cause the release of follicle stimulating hormone.

 

 

 

 

 

Question 55.

Insulin transports which electrolyte in the cell?

 

Potassium

 

Calcium

 

Sodium

 

Phosphorus

 

 

 

 

 

Question 56.

At 2 or 3 weeks of age, an infant who has been well fed and has gained weight begins to vomit for no apparent reason. The vomiting gradually becomes more forceful. These symptoms may be indicative of which disorder?

 

Esophageal atresia

 

Congenital aganglionic megacolon

 

Pyloric stenosis

 

Galactosemia

 

 

 

 

 

Question 57.

Clinical manifestations of Parkinson disease are caused by a deficit in which of the brain’s neurotransmitters?

 

Gamma-aminobutyric acid

 

Dopamine

 

Norepinephrine

 

Acetylcholine

 

 

 

 

 

Question 58.

What effect does hyperphosphatemia have on other electrolytes?

 

Increases serum calcium.

 

Decreases serum calcium.

 

Decreases serum magnesium.

 

Increases serum magnesium.

 

 

 

 

 

Question 59.

How does the release (increase) of epinephrine raise body temperature?

 

The release of epinephrine causes shivering.

 

It affects muscle tone.

 

It raises the metabolic rate.

 

It increases and strengthens the heart rate.

 

 

 

 

 

Question 60.

Consanguinity refers to the mating of persons:

 

Who are unrelated

 

When one has an autosomal dominant disorder

 

Having common family relations

 

When one has a chromosomal abnormality

 

 

 

 

 

 

Question 61.

The number of persons living with a specific disease at a specific point in time is referred to by which term?

 

Relativity

 

Survivability

 

Prevalence

 

Incidence

 

 

 

 

 

Question 62.

Which pain theory proposes that a balance of impulses conducted from the spinal cord to the higher centers in the central nervous system (CNS) modulates the transmission of pain?

 

GCT

 

Pattern theory

 

Specificity theory

 

Neuromatrix theory

 

 

 

 

 

Question 63.

What anchors articular cartilage to the underlying bone?

 

Sharpey fibers

 

Collagen fibers

 

Glycoproteins

 

Elastin fibers

 

 

 

 

 

Question 64.

Which water-soluble vitamin is absorbed by passive diffusion?

 

Vitamin B6

 

Vitamin B1

 

Vitamin K

 

Folic acid

 

 

 

 

 

Question 65.

What is the leading cause of infertility in women?

 

Pelvic inflammatory disease

 

Endometriosis

 

Salpingitis

 

Polycystic ovary syndrome

 

 

 

 

 

Question 66.

What part of the brain provides the emotional response to pain?

 

Limbic system

 

Parietal lobe

 

Thalamus

 

Hypothalamus

 

 

 

 

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[Solved] Chamberlain College Of Nursing > NURSING > 2020 NR 508 Patho COMPLETE LAST EXAM (ALREADY GRADED A)

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Question 1 : Which organism is responsible for the development of syphilis? Neisseria syphilis Treponema pallidum Haemophilus ducreyi Chlamydia trachomatis Question 2. : Kidney stones in the upper part of the ureter would produce pain referred to which anatomical area? : Vulva or penis Umbilicus Thighs Lower abdomen Question 3. : Carcinoma refers to abnormal cell proliferation originating from which tissue origin? Blood vessels Epithelial cells Connective tissue Glandular tissue Question 4. Which immunoglobulin is present in blood, saliva, breast milk, and respiratory secretions? IgA IgE IgG IgM Question 5. What period follows depolarization of the myocardium and represents a period during which no new cardiac potential can be propagated? Refractory Hyperpolarization Threshold Sinoatrial (SA) Question 6. Stress-induced norepinephrine results in: Pupil constriction Peripheral vasoconstriction Increased sweat gland secretions Decreased blood pressure Question 7. What is the suggested mean blood pressure for an 8- to 9-year-old child? 104/55 mm Hg 106/58 mm Hg 112/62 mm Hg 121/70 mm Hg Question 8. Graves disease is a result of: Increased levels of circulating immunoglobulins The infiltration of the thyroid with T lymphocytes Autoantibodies binding to thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)-receptor sites Exposure to acetylates in substances such as rubber Question 9. Which statement is true regarding pain and cancer? Pain is primarily a result of pressure caused by the tumor. Pain indicates the metastasis of a cancer. Pain is usually the initial symptom of cancer. Pain is generally associated with late-stage cancer. Question 10. Continued therapy of pernicious anemia (PA) generally lasts how long? 6 to 8 weeks 8 to 12 months Until the iron level is normal The rest of one’s life Question 11. Which of the following are formed elements of the blood that are not cells but are disk-shaped cytoplasmic fragments essential for blood clotting? Monocytes Platelets Macrophages Erythrocytes Question 12. Question : The ability of the pathogen to invade and multiply in the host is referred to as: Infectivity Toxigenicity Pathogenicity Virulence Question 13. Why is the herpes virus inaccessible to antibodies after the initial infection? The virus does not circulate in the blood. It does not have antibody receptors. It resists agglutination. The virus is a soluble antigen. Question 14. Which normal physiologic change occurs in the aging pulmonary system? Decreased flow resistance Fewer alveoli Stiffening of the chest wall Improved elastic recoil Question 15. Question : Which type of microorganism reproduces on the skin? Viruses Bacteria and fungi Protozoa and Rickettsiae Mycoplasma Question 16. The common hay fever allergy is expressed through a reaction that is mediated by which class of immunoglobulins? IgE IgG IgM T cells Question 17. Obesity creates a greater risk for dehydration in people because: Adipose cells contain little water because fat is water repelling. The metabolic rate of obese adults is slower than the rate of lean adults. The rate of urine output of obese adults is higher than the rate of output of lean adults. The thirst receptors of the hypothalamus do not function effectively. Question 18. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines grade 1 (overweight) as a BMI of: 18.5 to 24.9 25 to 29.9 30 to 39.9 40 to 50.9 Question 19. Which type of anemia occurs as a result of thalassemia? Microcytic, hypochromic Microcytic, normochromic Macrocytic, hyperchromic Macrocytic, normochromic Question 20. The area of the kidneys that contains the glomeruli and portions of the tubules is called the: Medulla Cortex Pyramids Columns Question 21. At birth, which statement is true? Systemic resistance and pulmonary resistance fall. Gas exchange shifts from the placenta to the lung. Systemic resistance falls and pulmonary resistance rises. Systemic resistance and pulmonary resistance rise. Question 22. On average, what percent of cardiac output do the kidneys receive? 10% to 20% 15% to 20% 20% to 25% 30% to 35% Question 23. How is the effectiveness of vitamin B12 therapy measured? Reticulocyte count Serum transferring Hemoglobin Serum vitamin B12 Question 24. What characteristic do atopic individuals have that make them genetically predisposed to develop allergies? Greater quantities of histamine More histamine receptors Greater quantities of IgE A deficiency in epinephrine Question 25. What is the major virus involved in the development of cervical cancer? Herpes simplex virus type 6 Herpes simplex...
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