Kaplan University HA 515 Quiz 2 Leadership Chapters (8,9, 3, 4, 6, 7, 13, 14) ALL CORRECT ANSWERS
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Quiz 2 Leadership Chapters (8,9, 3, 4, 6, 7, 13, 14)
Chapter 08: Nursing Theory
2. A nurse wishes to incorporate Dorothea Orem’s theory into practice. Which action by the nurse encompasses this theory?
a. The nurse completes the AM care for a patient.
b. The patient gets dressed with help from the nurse aide.
c. The patient knows his or her own medication dosages and what time they are due.
d. The patient’s spouse assumes all responsibility for the patient’s medications.
3. The nurse has an adequate understanding of the four major metaparadigms when making which comment to a colleague? “The four major metaparadigms are
a. “nursing, environment, health, and illness.”
b. “nursing, environment, person, and society.”
c. “person, environment, health/illness, and nursing.”
d. “person, society, wellness, and health/illness.”
4. What is a common thread in the majority of definitions of a nursing theory?
a. Words or phrases that present a direction to how interrelated concepts can provide a reference for the study and the delivery of nursing care
b. A list of the concepts and problems within the nursing profession and the suggested or anticipated solution of those problems
c. A composite of the opinions and recommendations of famous, well-known nursing leaders
d. An advanced role description for the study of the delivery of nursing care and the integration of nursing services with the most favorable economic consequences
5. Roy’s adaptation model capitalized on health and wellness based on how well one copes with stressors and the environment. Which statement by the nurse shows understanding of equilibrium? Equilibrium is reached through adaptation of our
a. “safety needs.” c. “physiological needs.”
b. “self-esteem needs.” d. “love and belonging needs.”
6. In the system’s model of Neuman, nursing helps reduce the stressors to health through
a. prevention on three levels—primary, secondary, and tertiary.
b. maintenance of balance of the physiological systems.
c. promoting a sense of inner harmony through achieving holistic health.
d. repatterning the person and environment for synchrony within the body.
7. A nurse has been studying theory in class. Which of the following statements indicates that the nurse has an adequate understanding of theory?
a. “A theory can be used to predict something.”
b. “A theory can measure outcomes.”
c. “Theory can be helpful to formulate a plan of action.”
d. “Theory is used to help evaluate interventions.”
8. A student is in the last semester of nursing school. The student interprets nursing as
a. knowledge of past experiences.
b. the medical model of health care.
c. a science based on the principles of biology and medicine.
d. a science based on scientific research providing practice answers.
9. A nurse is listening to a nurse manager give a presentation on nursing theory. The nurse identifies which statement as being indicative of nursing theory?
a. “Team nursing to best use resources within the delivery of care”
b. “Managed care focusing on conservation of the economic resources”
c. “A direction as to how an individual nurse can best meet patient needs”
d. “Created by nurses, for nurses, in understanding the nursing process”
10. A nurse is giving a speech on the nursing theory of Madeline Leininger. Which statement by the nurse indicates an understanding of the theory? “Madeline Leininger’s theory is a theory that
a. “considers the impact of culture on the person’s health.”
b. “promotes the synchronicity between people and the universe.”
c. “describes a dynamic state of being achieved through unity and harmony.”
d. “considers nursing ‘a calling’ to work with patients in the reparative process.”
11. Systems-oriented theorists include
a. Neuman, Roy, and Johnson. c. Nightingale, Abdellah, and Orem.
b. Peplau, Watson, and Orlando. d. Rogers, Newman, Rizzo, and Parse.
12. A nurse is working in an Asian neighborhood of a large metropolitan city. In attempting to meet the cultural needs of this segment of the population, the nurse could apply whose nursing theory to the organization of nursing care required by these residents?
a. Virginia Henderson c. Dorothea Orem
b. Martha Rogers d. Madeline Leininger
13. A middle-aged patient has experienced a myocardial infarction that has significantly limited activities and lifestyle. The patient is exercising and working with a nurse in the cardiac rehabilitation program. This is an example of the implementation of what nursing theory?
a. Martha Rogers’ examination of the phenomena of energy fields
b. Dorothy Orem’s interwoven theories of self-care, self-care deficit, and nursing care
c. Dorothy Johnson’s theme that the person is a behavior system and is orderly and balanced
d. Sister Callista Roy’s theme of coping and adaptation to stimuli and stressors
14. A nurse would like to improve personal practice by utilizing nursing theory. What action can the nurse take to begin incorporating nursing theory into practice?
a. Learn about nursing theories.
b. Apply for a management position.
c. Transfer to the education department.
d. Enroll in a PhD program at the local university.
15. The overall theme of Nightingale’s theory was that the person’s health is influenced by the environment. Which of the following actions by Nightingale support this theme?
a. Fed the soldiers healthy food
b. Used poor sanitation in caring for the soldiers
c. Forced to use unclean water in caring for soldiers
d. Shared supplies among soldiers to save money
16. Florence Nightingale believed that the environment impacts the patient’s health. Which of the following actions by the nurse incorporates Nightingale’s theory into practice today?
a. Cleaning the patient’s room only at discharge
b. Keeping the patient’s door closed all day
c. Giving the patient a dinner tray of fried chicken and French fries
d. Providing the patient with clean linen daily
17. Which of the following would correctly evaluate the effectiveness of Nightingale’s actions to increase the health of the Crimean War soldiers?
a. Deaths continued to increase because of poor conditions.
b. Deaths declined because of increased cleanliness.
c. Death rates stayed consistent throughout the war.
d. Death rates reduced to zero.
18. Using Betty Neuman’s conceptual model, what action by the nurse would indicate primary prevention?
a. Eating French fries and drinking a chocolate shake for lunch
b. Taking the elevator instead of the stairs
c. Sleeping 4 hours the night before work
d. Exercising every other day
19. A patient comes to the emergency department with an active myocardial infarction. Which action by the nurse indicates secondary prevention?
a. Perform an ECG to assess for damage.
b. Check on another patient first.
c. Enroll the patient in a cardiac rehabilitation program.
d. Educate the patient about eating a healthy diet.
20. A 28-year-old patient is recovering from a femur repair after a traumatic car accident. The following day, lab results indicate that the hemoglobin is dangerously low and the patient needs to receive blood. The patient has identified themself as a Jehovah’s Witness and has refused to receive the blood. Which action should the nurse take?
a. Notify the physician of the patient’s decision.
b. Administer the blood anyway.
c. Try to convince the patient to receive the blood.
d. Call the patient’s family members and alert them to the situation.
1. What nursing interventions can be performed by the nurse based on Jean Watson’s Caring Theory? (Select all that apply.)
a. Assist with basic human needs.
b. Encourage the patient to express personal feelings.
c. Ask the patient for input regarding received care.
d. Sit down and have a conversation with the patient.
e. Perform care according to hospital and unit policy.
, B, C, E
2. Which of the following action(s) by the nursing incorporates the Culture Care Theory? (Select all that apply.)
a. Becoming educated about different cultures
b. Being mindful of folk practices
c. Requesting that patients withhold holistic care while in the hospital
d. Being respectful of different religions
e. Allowing the patient to experience healing according to their culture
, B, D, E
Chapter 09: Image of Nursing: Influences of the Present
1. The nurse interprets which characteristic as the forefront of discussion about nursing’s professionalism?
a. Education c. Social values
b. Altruism d. Code of ethics
3. A nurse has been studying Levenstein’s characteristics of a profession. The nurse demonstrates adequate understanding when interpreting which of the following components as part of the model?
a. A code of ethics
b. A systematic, defined progression of education
c. An accreditation process
d. Publications or journal for the profession
4. The nurse understands the importance of the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) of 1974, when stating which of the following?
a. “It provided a standard of practice for nursing.”
b. “It allowed professional nursing organizations to act as unions on behalf of member nurses.”
c. “It established the framework for political action in legislative activities.”
d. “It financially supports research in nursing and education.”
5. In the 1950s, belonging to a professional organization was popular. What has contributed to the decline in membership of the American Nurses Association?
a. The ANA has increased membership dues that nurses cannot afford.
b. Nurses do not want to be associated with an organization that represents unions.
c. The association does not have state and local organizations.
d. The increase in popularity of specialty organizations representing specific needs of members has led to a decline in nurses joining the ANA.
6. What action did the Johnson and Johnson Campaign for Nursing’s Future take to promote nursing?
a. Identified the need for nurses in labor and delivery
b. Raised visibility of nurses of varied races
c. Identified the need for nurses in postpartum care
d. Raised national starting wages for nurses
7. Which of the following predicts the outcome if the nursing profession continues to be devalued by demeaning or comical images of nurses?
a. Nurses will be able to request higher wages.
b. The nursing shortage will end.
c. There will not be enough jobs for new graduates.
d. The nursing shortage will extend.
8. What action can each nurse take to improve the image of nursing during his or her career?
a. Provide public education on what nurses really do.
b. Ignore the negative image of nurses.
c. Contribute to the negative image of nurses.
d. Remain silent when someone speaks negatively of nursing.
9. Which of the following assesses how nursing has relevance to social values?
a. Nurses have professional degrees.
b. Nurses perform community service.
c. Nursing licensure requires a baccalaureate degree.
d. Nurses are teachers of health promotion and wellness.
10. Which action led to the “birth” of nursing theory?
a. Creation of baccalaureate programs
b. Dr. Peplau’s nursing model publication
c. Publication of Jean Watson’s Caring Theory
d. Martha Roger’s work on nursing theory
11. The nurse is determining which professional organizations to join. The nurse demonstrates an adequate understanding of the International Council of Nursing (ICN) when stating which of the following?
a. “The ICN handles domestic nursing issues.”
b. “The ICN is for international nurses only.”
c. “The ICN is focused on worldwide health care.”
d. “The ICN is focused on foreign issues only.”
12. Which of the following organizations would the nursing advisor recommend that the nursing student join to best meet the student’s current needs?
a. National League for Nursing c. International Council of Nurse
b. American Nurses Association d. National Student Nurses Association
1. Throughout the 1990s, a nationwide campaign worked to strengthen the image of nurses. Which of the following action(s) during the campaign aided in this? (Select all that apply.)
a. Worked to improve the image of nurses as depicted on television
b. Reinforced the image of nurses are doctor’s personal assistants
c. Reinforced the idea that nursing required little skill
d. Educated the public that nurses are critical thinkers
e. Reinforced that nurses have problem solving skills
, D, E
2. What action(s) can the nurse take to continue improving the image of nursing? (Select all that apply.)
a. Upload inappropriate pictures to social media networks, which she has identified herself as a nurse,
b. Uphold ethical standards for all patients, all the time.
c. Maintain professional behavior in the workplace.
d. Be aware of the challenges she will face as a nurse because of society’s perception of nurses.
e. Disregard the need to change the image of nursing.
, C, D
3. Which action(s) by the nurse can help create a professional image? (Select all that apply.)
a. Maintain effective communication skills.
b. Maintain a positive attitude.
c. Maintain a professional appearance.
d. Be prepared to interact with the public.
e. Be unprepared for work.
, B, C, D
4. Which of the following assesses how nurses can control their profession? (Select all that apply.)
a. Discussing issues on their lunch break
b. Joining a professional organization
c. Through publishing documents
d. Being active in the state boards of nursing
e. Keeping issues to themselves
, C, D
5. Which action would be consistent with the American Red Cross volunteer nurse?
a. Provide staffing for a local hospital.
b. Provide assistance after a tornado.
c. Teach first aide to a group of Girl Scouts.
d. Deliver clothing to flood victims.
e. Educate volunteers to assist in a local hospital.
, C, D, E
Chapter 03: Mentorship, Preceptorship, and Nurse Residency Programs
1. The nurse manager is presenting at a conference and shows an adequate understanding of a mentoring relationship when giving the following as an example:
a. A coach and a player c. An intern and a resident
b. A teacher and a learner d. An advisor and a partner
2. The nurse professor is lecturing to students in their final semester of nursing school. Which statement by the nurse professor about mentoring is accurate?
a. “Mentoring involves solving an individual’s problems.”
b. “Mentoring focuses on the needs of someone else.”
c. “Mentoring means helping someone reach his or her long-term goals.”
d. “Mentoring requires pairing an experienced person with a novice.”
3. While discussing a mentoring program with the nursing director, the nurse manager correctly states that mentoring is a
a. partnership. c. static relationship.
b. one-way street. d. method of gaining more experience.
4. You are a graduate nurse in search of a mentor. To find a good “match,” what should you look for?
a. Choose an experienced nurse who is successful.
b. Look for things you and the potential mentor have in common.
c. Be very specific with the questions you ask of the possible mentor.
d. Be careful not to disclose too much personal information.
5. A group of nursing students is discussing mentors. One of the students correctly states a characteristic of a successful mentor when stating:
a. “They ensure that their mentees do not fail.”
b. “They push the mentees to a higher level.”
c. “They always ask a lot of questions of their mentees.”
d. “They encourage mentees to question their skills so they can improve.”
6. The role of the mentee needs to be understood early in the mentoring relationship. What is a characteristic or example of the mentee’s role?
a. Not interrupting the mentor
b. Absorbing what the mentor explains in detail
c. Establishing personal short- and long-term goals
d. Finding out what the mentor has to offer in terms of experience
7. Which statement indicates the student nurse’s understanding of a situational relationship?
a. “A situational relationship occurs only one time.”
b. “A situation relationship is established by the organization.”
c. “In a situational relationship, both mentee and mentor mutually accept it.”
d. “A situational relationship is structured to ensure situational success.”
8. The “honeymoon” is a specific phase of reality shock. What should the mentor do during this phase?
a. Share personal transition experiences with the mentee.
b. Reinforce the need for the mentee to problem solve.
c. Encourage the mentee to try new things.
d. Act as the intermediary for the mentee with all staff members.
9. A new graduate is looking for a mentor. Which staff nurse would be the best choice?
a. Louise, a skilled clinician who appears hurried, curt, and occasionally sarcastic
b. Jill, a new graduate who worked 2 years as an LPN and seems confident
c. Juan, who has 3 years of experience, good skills, and a sense of humor
d. Kim, who has 6 years of experience and is highly intellectual but is aloof and self-centered
10. Which of the following statements by the nurse indicates an understanding of mentors?
a. “Mentors focus on fostering the mentee’s individual growth and development over an extended period of time.”
b. “Mentors develop nurturing relationships during work time.”
c. “Mentoring is the approach of assisting an individual’s growth through partnership.”
d. “The strength of mentoring lies in the facilitation and development of personal qualities.”
11. A nursing student is in the mentoring process. Which action would occur if the student nurse were in the “follow” phase?
a. The nursing student observes as the mentor places a urinary catheter.
b. The nursing student places a urinary catheter while the mentor stands nearby for guidance.
c. The nursing student reads the hospital policy regarding urinary catheter placement.
d. The nursing student places the urinary catheter without guidance from the mentor.
12. A nursing student is in the mentoring process. Which action would occur if the nursing student were in the “Get out of the way phase?”
a. The nursing student would assess chest tubes with the mentor nearby for guidance.
b. The nursing student would assess chest tubes independently.
c. The nursing student would observe the mentor assessing chest tubes.
d. The nursing student would read the hospital policy on chest tubes.
13. A nursing student is meeting with a possible mentor for the last semester of nursing school. Which of the following questions would be most appropriate for the student to ask?
a. “Do you like working on this unit?”
b. “Do you like your coworkers?”
c. “How are things going today?”
d. “What kind of problems are you having?”
14. Which statement by the nursing student best describes the characteristics of a mentee?
a. “The mentee should be passive and observe only.”
b. “The mentee should challenge constructive feedback.”
c. “The mentee should communicate clearly.”
d. “The mentee should let learning opportunities come to him or /her.”
15. Which action by the mentor can help reduce the impact of reality shock on the mentee during the honeymoon phase?
a. Listen as the mentee discusses the excitement of starting a new position as a nurse.
b. Avoid discussions about the excitement of the mentee’s new position as a nurse.
c. Ask the mentee not to discuss the new position during work hours.
d. Tell the mentee that the excited will not last long.
16. What action can the mentor take to help reduce the impact of reality shock on the mentee during the shock or rejection phase?
a. Withhold personal transition stories.
b. Encourage the mentee to discuss his or her feelings.
c. Encourage mentees to keep their feelings to themselves during work hours.
d. Ignore the feelings caused by reality shock.
17. Which action by the mentor can help reduce the impact of reality shock on the mentee during the recovery phase?
a. Encourage the mentee to perform skills that he or she is comfortable with.
b. Maintain a semi-open line of communication.
c. Encourage the mentee to try new skills.
d. Allow the mentee to work independently.
18. Which action by the mentor can help reduce the impact of reality shock on the mentee during the resolution phase?
a. Expect the mentee to problem solve clinical issues independently.
b. Continue to practicing skills that he or she is comfortable with.
c. Reinforce positive qualities that the mentee possesses.
d. Point out negative qualities for the mentee to change.
1. Review the following characteristics. Which best describe the role of the mentor? (Select all that apply.)
a. Requires a primary focus on the needs of the new nurse
b. Assists the new nurse with difficult nursing procedures
c. Serves as a primary resource on the nursing unit for the new nurse
d. Is assigned to the new nurse for the orientation period
e. Is interested in the new nurse’s personal growth and nursing goals
f. Is available to the new nurse after hours to discuss problems and needs
, E, F
2. A nurse manager and a nurse director are discussing e-mentoring. Which statements by the nurse director indicate an understanding of the components of e-mentoring? (Select all that apply.)
a. “E-mentoring involves distance mentoring.”
b. “E-mentoring is done through instant messaging.”
c. “E-mentoring involves contact between mentee and mentor via electronic mail.”
d. “E-mentoring is a mentoring program for first-year nursing students.”
e. “E-mentoring uses a videoconferencing system such as Skype to meet virtually.”
f. “E-mentoring involves planning a meeting at a coffee shop to discuss progress of the preceptorship.”
, B, C, E
3. A group of nursing students are discussing characteristics of a successful mentor. Which of the following statements identify these characteristics? (Select all that apply.)
a. “Successful mentors are passive.”
b. “Successful mentors communicate high expectations.”
c. “Successful mentors are good listeners.”
d. “Successful mentors show empathy.”
e. “Successful mentors are nonjudgmental.”
, C, D, E
4. Which statement(s) by the nursing student best describes the attributes of a mentor? (Select all that apply.)
a. “A mentor actively advises, supports and promotes the mentee’s career.”
b. “A mentor is a professional who has any amount of experience as a nurse.”
c. “Mentors have the mentee’s best interest at heart.”
d. “Mentors bolster self-confidence.”
e. “Mentors provide support for only a short period of time.”
, C, D
Chapter 04: Employment Considerations: Opportunities, Resumes, and Interviewing
1. Which statement by the nursing student indicates an understanding of the purpose in setting a career goal?
a. “To guarantee you will achieve your goal”
b. “To keep you focused on your job search”
c. “To help you define your professional identity”
d. “To impress those part of the interview process”
2. A nursing professor correctly states the expectations of the job market for nursing as
a. expected downsizing, decreased number of nursing positions.
b. expected decrease in the number of unlicensed assistive personnel.
c. expected increase in unlicensed assistive personnel: personnel.
d. expected increased hiring of new graduates.
3. Which action by the graduate nurses shows understanding of resume writing?
a. Ensures that all of the dates for their employment history are specific
b. Does not overstate skills
c. Includes a thorough discussion of experiences as a nursing student
d. Includes only last two positions
4. The nursing professor is assisting a group of nursing students in creating resumes. The professor instructs them to include which of the following demographic data?
a. Career goal c. Experience
b. Address d. Education
5. Which statement by the graduate nurse indicates understanding of the importance of a cover letter?
a. “It is optional.”
b. “It is necessary only if your resume needs further explanation.”
c. “It should recapitulate all of the important points of your resume.”
d. “It should introduce you to the reader.”
6. A graduate nurse has not heard from a prospective employer 3 days after submitting a resume. Which action should the graduate nurse take?
a. Call. c. Do nothing.
b. Write a letter. d. Contact another employment setting.
Only a few days have passed, so do nothing. If the graduate nurse still has not heard from the 7. The nurse has an adequate understanding of employment benefits. Which of the following is not included in a benefits package?
a. Health insurance c. Pensions
b. Car insurance d. Disability coverage
8. What is the best short-term objective for the resume of a new nursing graduate seeking employment on a medical-surgical unit?
[Solved] Kaplan University HA 515 Quiz 2 Leadership Chapters (8,9, 3, 4, 6, 7, 13, 14) ALL CORRECT ANSWERS
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