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HAR6041: Critique the Primary Care-based Health Needs Assessment in Inner City Dublin (7 Pages)

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Module: HAR6041: Health Needs Assessment, Planning and Evaluation Component 1: Written Individual assignment Summative: “Write a 1500 (+/- 10%) word critique of a given Health Needs Assessment (H NA). Students can choose from examples discussed in the module or choose another published example” Student number: The view of Health, points of discussion may include: • The relationship to different definitions and influences on health • Who defines the view of health How it relates to the Concept of Needs, points of discussion may include: • How it encompasses diverse types of needs • The relationship to need, demand and supply Alignment to the key approaches and/or frameworks, points of discussion may include: • A consideration of how it relates to the key approaches to HNA • A discussion about how it may reflect an existing HNA framework Any issues highlighted in the practicalities in carrying-out of the HNA, points of discussion may include: • Realistic consideration of the resources needed • Problems encountered when carrying-out the HNA especially in relation to the impact on the findings There are key elements in all HNAs: Having a clear Purpose Defining your Population Defining Health Choosing your Data Collection Tools Clarifying your Resources Prioritising the identified Needs Action Planning Monitoring and Evaluation What you choose to do and how you choose to do it will impact on what Actions are chosen and implemented ‘Eight questions’ (Harvey and Taylor 2013): Deciding whether to do a HNA What is the background to the HNA? Why is it needed? What is the population to be assessed? What is the question being asked? What is the purpose? Who wants to know the answer? Relates to 1. What are the expectations of those involved? What resources are available for the HNA and what is the timescale? What work has already been carried out? Are the key stakeholders signed up to the HNA project? Clear Proposal HNA benefits and challenges Strengthening community involvement in decision making Improved public participation Improved team & partnership working Professional development of skills Improved patient care Improved communication with other agencies and public Better use of resources CHALLENGES Professional boundaries may prevent power & information sharing Lack of shared language between sectors Lack of commitment from top-down Problems accessing local data Difficulty accessing target population Difficulty maintaining impetus and commitment How to do a HNA?(Link to the assessment) Purpose and justification: Formative individual assignment Summative individual assignment: Justification for the approach taken Defining your Population Formative individual assignment Summative individual assignment: Justification for the approach taken Defining the Health you are assessing Formative individual assignment Summative individual assignment: Justification for the approach taken What Data Collection Tools will you use: Summative individual assignment: Data collection methods used Clarifying what Resources are needed/available: Summative individual assignment: The resources Prioritising the Needs assessed, Action Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation: Group assessment: Discussed later Critical/academic approach: Summative individual assignment: Anticipated problems and how they might be addressed Summative individual assignment: Style, organisation, referencing and breath and use of evidence to support discussion) References Adab, P. et al, 2004. Use of a corporate needs assessment to define the information requirements of an arthritis resource centre in Birmingham: comparison of patients’ and professionals’ views, Rheumatology, 43(12), pp.1513–1518. Bani, I. A., 2008. Health Needs Assessment. Journal of Family and Community Medicine, 15(1), pp.13–20. Bradshaw, J.R., 1972. ‘The taxonomy of social need’, in Taxonomy of social need. In: McLachlan, Gordon, ed. 1972. Problems and progress in medical care: essays on current research, 7th Series. London: Oxford University Press, pp.71-82. Brown, C. S., Lloyd, S. and Murray, S. A., 2006. Using consecutive Rapid Participatory Appraisal studies to assess, facilitate and evaluate health and social change in community settings. BMC Public Health, 6, 68. http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-6-68. Cavanagh, S and Chadwick, K., 2005. Health Needs Assessment National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). [pdf] Available at: http://www.k4health.org/sites/default/files/migrated_toolkit_files/Health_Needs_Assessment_A_Practical_Guide.pdf [Accessed 19 February 2018]. Harvey, J. and Taylor, V., 2013. Measuring Health and Wellbeing. London: Sage, pp. 42-67. Macintyre, S., McKay, L. and Ellaway, A., 2006. Lay concepts of the relative importance of different influences on health; are there major socio-demographic variations? Health Education Research, 21 (5), pp.731–739. Martikainen, P., Bartley, M. and Lahelma, E., 2002. Psychosocial determinants of health in social epidemiology. International Journal of Epidemiology, 31(1), pp. 1091–1093. O’Kelly, C.M., Cullen, W. M., O’Kelly, S. M., O’Kelly, F.D. and Bury, G., 2010. A Primary Care-Based Health Needs Assessment in Inner City Dublin. Irish Journal of Medical Science, 179 (3), pp. 399-403. Pallant, J., 2002. Health needs assessment toolkit. [pdf] Mid Hampshire NHS Primary Care Trust: Winchester, UK. Available at: http://www.dlfp.in.th/upload/forum/healthneedtoolkit.pdf [Accessed 20 February 2018]. Prinja, S., Jeet, G., and Kumar, R., 2012. Validity of self-reported morbidity. The Indian Journal of Medical Research, 136(5), pp. 722–724. Williams, R. and Wright, J., 1998. Epidemiological issues in health needs assessment. BMJ, 316:1379. Asadi-Lari, M., Packham, C., & Gray, D., 2003. Need for redefining needs. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes, 1, 34.

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Module: HAR6041: Health Needs Assessment, Planning and Evaluation Component 1: Written Individual assignment Summative: “Write a 1500 (+/- 10%) word critique of a given Health Needs Assessment (H NA). Students can choose from examples discussed in the module or choose another published example” Student number: The view of Health, points of discussion may include: • The relationship to different definitions and influences on health • Who defines the view of health How it relates to the Concept of Needs, points of discussion may include: • How it encompasses diverse types of needs • The relationship to need, demand and supply Alignment to the key approaches and/or frameworks, points of discussion may include: • A consideration of how it relates to the key approaches to HNA • A discussion about how it may reflect an existing HNA framework Any issues highlighted in the practicalities in carrying-out of the HNA, points of discussion may include: • Realistic consideration of the resources needed • Problems encountered when carrying-out the HNA especially in relation to the impact on the findings There are key elements in all HNAs: Having a clear Purpose Defining your Population Defining Health Choosing your Data Collection Tools Clarifying your Resources Prioritising the identified Needs Action Planning Monitoring and Evaluation What you choose to do and how you choose to do it will impact on what Actions are chosen and implemented ...
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HAR6041: Critique the Primary Care-based Health Needs Assessment in Inner City Dublin (7 Pages)

Module: HAR6041: Health Needs Assessment, Planning and Evaluation Component 1: Written Individual assignment Summative: “Write a 1500 (+/- 10%) word critique of a given Health Needs Assessment (H NA). Students can choose fr...

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