NURS 6052N QUIZ 5: WALDEN UNIVERSITY
A nurse is caring for a patient who abuses marijuana. The treatment for marijuana abuse consists mainly of
Treatment for marijuana abuse consists mainly of nonpharmacologic interventions combined with an exercise program to help deal with withdrawal symptoms and cravings for the drug. Treatment of LSD and PCP use is necessary only when the user experiences a bad trip. Parlodel is given for cocaine addiction. Patients with acute inhalant intoxication may need respirator assistance.
A patient is suffering from acute inhalant intoxication. The priority nursing intervention will be to
Patients suffering from acute inhalant intoxication may experience hypoxia from CNS depression; therefore, the patient will most likely be receiving oxygen therapy. Epinephrine is contraindicated because of possible cardiac stimulation. Arrhythmias may occur. Monitoring blood pressure and pulse is important; however, the patient could be short of breath due to the hypoxia. Therefore, monitoring respirations would be the priority. Nausea and vomiting could be present, and the nurse would need to provide the patient with an emesis basin, but it would not be the most important nursing intervention.
A nurse works in a sleep disorder clinic and is responsible for administering medications to the patients. Which of the following patients would be most likely to receive zaleplon (Sonata)?
The nurse will most likely administer the zaleplon to the 35-year-old man who is having difficulty falling asleep, but once asleep can stay asleep. Zolpidem would most likely be administered to the 20-year-old who will take a sleep aid only once a week. Eszopiclone (Lunesta) will be given to the 52-year-old woman who needs to fall asleep quickly and has trouble staying asleep. The 46-year-old man will likely receive trazodone (Desyrel). This drug is given as a sleep aid for a patient who is taking an antidepressant.
A patient who is experiencing acute alcohol withdrawal is being treated with intravenous lorazepam (Ativan). This drug achieves a therapeutic effect by
Like all benzodiazepines, lorazepam increases the effects of GABA, which has an inhibitory effect on the CNS. However, none of the benzodiazepines act like GABA or increase the amount of GABA present. MAOIs inhibit monoamine oxidase and tricyclic antidepressants primarily affect serotonin and norepinephrine levels. SSRIs increase the availability of serotonin in the synapses.
A middle-aged patient was diagnosed with major depression after a suicide attempt several months ago and has failed to respond appreciably to treatment with SSRIs. As a result, his psychiatrist has prescribed phenelzine. When planning this patient's subsequent care, what nursing diagnosis should the nurse prioritize?
MAOIs such as phenelzine carry a significant risk of injury that results from the multiple interactions associated with these drugs. Infection, impaired tissue perfusion, and constipation are less common, and less serious, adverse effects.
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- Submitted On 24 Mar, 2020 01:07:51