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NR 505 WEEK 1 QUIZ
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The ‘conflict of mission’ in research refers to the potential conflict between: 1. preventing harm to an individual, and 2. gaining scientific k…
True Your correct answer
False

Which of the following should not be included as part of the research protocol and submitted to the REC (ERC)?
The budget, including sources of funding
Curricula vitae of the Principal Investigator and the core research team
The information sheet and consent form that potential participants will be asked to sign
A section on the ethical aspects of the protocol, and how the investigators are planning to deal with the ethical issues that may arise
If the protocol has also been reviewed elsewhere, a list of the ethics committee members who reviewed the protocol Your correct answer
A description of how data will be kept confidential and private

The Secretariat of an ethics committee can overturn the decision of a committee if they find it unreasonable
True
False Your correct answer


Following an animated discussion and after much debate, an REC has decided not to approve a research study that is utilizing a placebo control desi…
Explain the Committee’s rationale, and share the detailed comments made by members of the Committee in order to diffuse the situation and provide a better understanding of the REC functioning
Refuse to enter into any discussion with the PI but invite him to share their views with the REC Secretariat, citing confidentiality as a rationale Your correct answer

Ethics committee members should consider the following issues when reviewing a protocol:
have research risks have been minimised?
is appropriate information being provided to participants in a comprehensible way?
are there appropriate provisions to protect privacy and confidentiality?
are the proposed inducements for participants to take part in research appropriate?
all of the above Your correct answer

It is often said that 'bad science is unethical'. Please choose the best follow-up sentence.
However, research ethics committees are not qualified to judge the science of a protocol and should therefore not consider the science in their protocol review
However, if the protocol has been reviewed and 'approved' by a scientific or technical committee prior to ethical review, the ethics committee should set aside their doubts as experts have already provided input
Ethics review committees should, therefore, consider the science of the protocol where it has an impact on the ethics of the study Your correct answer
However, this statement is false. Science and ethics are completely separate issues and should never be considered by the same committee. This is supported by all WHO guidance
Ethical review is necessary if researchers are to:
ensure that the rights and well-being of research participants and communities are protected
comply with guidance and regulation for research
meet the requirements of some funders and journals
all of the above Your correct answer
Research is necessary to:
gain generalizable knowledge which may lead to improvements in health Your correct answer
benefit individual research participants
The interests of an individual in research can be overridden in research if it is expected to provide significant benefits to society.
True
False Your correct answer
Benchmarks of ethical research include: (select all that apply)
fair selection of study populations Your correct answer
favourable risk/benefit ratios in research Your correct answer
ethical review of protocols by funding agencies
respect for participants and communities Your correct answer
Ethics committees should consider the sociocultural, economic and political contexts of research when reviewing protocols
True Your correct answer
False
Ethical challenges in research in low and middle income settings include:
research participants may have limited literacy and familiarity with research concepts
limited healthcare services may provide significant incentives for participants to take part in research
local researchers may have limited resources and ability to negotiate with international sponsors to ensure that research protocols are amended to make them appropriate for the local research context.
all of the above Your correct answer

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NR 505 WEEK 1 QUIZ
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  • Submitted On 15 Feb, 2020 12:56:46
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The ‘conflict of mission’ in research refers to the potential conflict between: 1. preventing harm to an individual, and 2. gaining scientific k… True Your correct answer False Which of the following should not be included as part of the research protocol and submitted to the REC (ERC)? The budget, including sources of funding Curricula vitae of the Principal Investigator and the core research team The information sheet and consent form that potential participants will be asked to sign A section on the ethical aspects of the protocol, and how the investigators are planning to deal with the ethical issues that may arise If the protocol has also been reviewed elsewhere, a list of the ethics committee members who reviewed the protocol Your correct answer A description of how data will be kept confidential and private The Secretariat of an ethics committee can overturn the decision of a committee if they find it unreasonable True False Your correct answer Following an animated discussion and after much debate, an REC has d...
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