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University Of Oklahoma > FINANCE 4303 Chapter 01 Introduction to Corporate Finance: Grade 100%
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Multiple Choice Questions
 Chapter 01

Introduction to Corporate Finance

 

1. The person generally directly responsible for overseeing the tax management, cost accounting, financial accounting, and information system functions is the: 
A. treasurer.
B. director.
C. controller.
D. chairman of the board.
E. chief executive officer.

 

2. The person generally directly responsible for overseeing the cash and credit functions, financial planning, and capital expenditures is the: 
A. treasurer.
B. director.
C. controller.
D. chairman of the board.
E. chief operations officer.

 

3. The process of planning and managing a firm's long-term investments is called
A. working capital management.
B. financial depreciation.
C. agency cost analysis.
D. capital budgeting.
E. capital structure.

 

4. The mixture of debt and equity used by a firm to finance its operations is called
A. working capital management.
B. financial depreciation.
C. cost analysis.
D. capital budgeting.
E. capital structure.

 

 

5. The management of a firm's short-term assets and liabilities is called
A. working capital management.
B. debt management.
C. equity management.
D. capital budgeting.
E. capital structure.

 

6. A business owned by a single individual is called a: 
A. corporation.
B. sole proprietorship.
C. general partnership.
D. limited partnership.
E. limited liability company.

 

7. A business formed by two or more individuals who each have unlimited liability for business debts is called a: 
A. corporation.
B. sole proprietorship.
C. general partnership.
D. limited partnership.
E. limited liability company.

 

8. The division of profits and losses among the members of a partnership is formalized in the: 
A. indemnity clause.
B. indenture contract.
C. statement of purpose.
D. partnership agreement.
E. group charter.

 

 

9. A business created as a distinct legal entity composed of one or more individuals or entities is called a: 
A. corporation.
B. sole proprietorship.
C. general partnership.
D. limited partnership.
E. unlimited liability company.

 

10. The corporate document that sets forth the business purpose of a firm is the
A. indenture contract.
B. state tax agreement.
C. corporate bylaws.
D. debt charter.
E. articles of incorporation.

 

11. The rules by which corporations govern themselves are called
A. indenture provisions.
B. indemnity provisions.
C. charter agreements.
D. bylaws.
E. articles of incorporation.

 

12. A business entity operated and taxed like a partnership, but with limited liability for the owners, is called a: 
A. limited liability company.
B. general partnership.
C. limited proprietorship.
D. sole proprietorship.
E. corporation.

 

 

13. The primary goal of financial management is to: 
A. maximize current dividends per share of the existing stock.
B. maximize the current value per share of the existing stock.
C. avoid financial distress.
D. minimize operational costs and maximize firm efficiency.
E. maintain steady growth in both sales and net earnings.

 

14. A conflict of interest between the stockholders and management of a firm is called
A. stockholders' liability.
B. corporate breakdown.
C. the agency problem.
D. corporate activism.
E. legal liability.

 

15. Agency costs refer to: 
A. the total dividends paid to stockholders over the lifetime of a firm.
B. the costs that result from default and bankruptcy of a firm.
C. corporate income subject to double taxation.
D. the costs of any conflicts of interest between stockholders and management.
E. the total interest paid to creditors over the lifetime of the firm.

 

16. A stakeholder is: 
A. any person or entity that owns shares of stock of a corporation.
B. any person or entity that has voting rights based on stock ownership of a corporation.
C. a person who initially started a firm and currently has management control over the cash flows of the firm due to his/her current ownership of company stock.
D. a creditor to whom the firm currently owes money and who consequently has a claim on the cash flows of the firm.
E. any person or entity other than a stockholder or creditor who potentially has a claim on the cash flows of the firm.

 

 

17. The Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 is intended to: 
A. protect financial managers from investors.
B. not have any effect on foreign companies.
C. reduce corporate revenues.
D. protect investors from corporate abuses.
E. decrease audit costs for U.S. firms.

 

18. The treasurer and the controller of a corporation generally report to the: 
A. board of directors.
B. chairman of the board.
C. chief executive officer.
D. president.
E. chief financial officer.

 

19. Which one of the following statements is correct concerning the organizational structure of a corporation? 
A. The vice president of finance reports to the chairman of the board.
B. The chief executive officer reports to the board of directors.
C. The controller reports to the president.
D. The treasurer reports to the chief executive officer.
E. The chief operations officer reports to the vice president of production.

 

20. Which one of the following is a capital budgeting decision? 
A. determining how much debt should be borrowed from a particular lender
B. deciding whether or not to open a new store
C. deciding when to repay a long-term debt
D. determining how much inventory to keep on hand
E. determining how much money should be kept in the checking account

 

 

21. The Sarbanes Oxley Act was enacted in: 
A. 1952.
B. 1967.
C. 1998.
D. 2002.
E. 2006.

 

22. Since the implementation of Sarbanes-Oxley, the cost of going public in the United States has: 
A. increased.
B. decreased.
C. remained about the same.
D. been erratic, but over time has decreased.
E. It is impossible to tell since Sarbanes-Oxley compliance does not involve direct cost to the firm.

 

23. Working capital management includes decisions concerning which of the following?
I. accounts payable
II. long-term debt
III. accounts receivable
IV. inventory 
A. I and II only
B. I and III only
C. II and IV only
D. I, II, and III only
E. I, III, and IV only

 

24. Working capital management: 
A. ensures that sufficient equipment is available to produce the amount of product desired on a daily basis.
B. ensures that long-term debt is acquired at the lowest possible cost.
C. ensures that dividends are paid to all stockholders on an annual basis.
D. balances the amount of company debt to the amount of available equity.
E. is concerned with the upper portion of the balance sheet.

 

 

25. Which one of the following statements concerning a sole proprietorship is correct? 
A. A sole proprietorship is the least common form of business ownership.
B. The profits of a sole proprietorship are taxed twice.
C. The owners of a sole proprietorship share profits as established by the partnership agreement.
D. The owner of a sole proprietorship may be forced to sell his/her personal assets to pay company debts.
E. A sole proprietorship is often structured as a limited liability company.

 

26. Which one of the following statements concerning a sole proprietorship is correct? 
A. The life of the firm is limited to the life span of the owner.
B. The owner can generally raise large sums of capital quite easily.
C. The ownership of the firm is easy to transfer to another individual.
D. The company must pay separate taxes from those paid by the owner.
E. The legal costs to form a sole proprietorship are quite substantial.

 

27. Which one of the following best describes the primary advantage of being a limited partner rather than a general partner? 
A. entitlement to a larger portion of the partnership's income
B. ability to manage the day-to-day affairs of the business
C. no potential financial loss
D. greater management responsibility
E. liability for firm debts limited to the capital invested

 

28. A general partner: 
A. has less legal liability than a limited partner.
B. has more management responsibility than a limited partner.
C. faces double taxation whereas a limited partner does not.
D. cannot lose more than the amount of his/her equity investment.
E. is the term applied only to corporations which invest in partnerships.

 

 

29. A partnership: 
A. is taxed the same as a corporation.
B. agreement defines whether the business income will be taxed like a partnership or a corporation.
C. terminates at the death of any general partner.
D. has less of an ability to raise capital than a proprietorship.
E. allows for easy transfer of interest from one general partner to another.

 

30. Which of the following are disadvantages of a partnership?
I. limited life of the firm
II. personal liability for firm debt
III. greater ability to raise capital than a sole proprietorship
IV. lack of ability to transfer partnership interest 
A. I and II only
B. III and IV only
C. II and III only
D. I, II, and IV only
E. I, III, and IV only

 

31. Which of the following are advantages of the corporate form of business ownership?
I. limited liability for firm debt
II. double taxation
III. ability to raise capital
IV. unlimited firm life 
A. I and II only
B. III and IV only
C. I, II, and III only
D. II, III, and IV only
E. I, III, and IV only

 

32. Which one of the following statements is correct concerning corporations? 
A. The largest firms are usually corporations.
B. The majority of firms are corporations.
C. The stockholders are usually the managers of a corporation.
D. The ability of a corporation to raise capital is quite limited.
E. The income of a corporation is taxed as personal income of the stockholders.

 

 

33. Which one of the following statements is correct? 
A. Both partnerships and corporations incur double taxation.
B. Both sole proprietorships and partnerships are taxed in a similar fashion.
C. Partnerships are the most complicated type of business to form.
D. Both partnerships and corporations have limited liability for general partners and shareholders.
E. All types of business formations have limited lives.

 

34. The articles of incorporation: 
A. can be used to remove company management.
B. are amended annually by the company stockholders.
C. set forth the number of shares of stock that can be issued.
D. set forth the rules by which the corporation regulates its existence.
E. can set forth the conditions under which the firm can avoid double taxation.

 

35. The bylaws: 
A. establish the name of the corporation.
B. are rules which apply only to limited liability companies.
C. set forth the purpose of the firm.
D. mandate the procedure for electing corporate directors.
E. set forth the procedure by which the stockholders elect the senior managers of the firm.

 

36. The owners of a limited liability company prefer: 
A. being taxed like a corporation.
B. having liability exposure similar to that of a sole proprietor.
C. being taxed personally on all business income.
D. having liability exposure similar to that of a general partner.
E. being taxed like a corporation with liability like a partnership.

 

 

37. Which one of the following business types is best suited to raising large amounts of capital? 
A. sole proprietorship
B. limited liability company
C. corporation
D. general partnership
E. limited partnership

 

38. Which type of business organization has all the respective rights and privileges of a legal person? 
A. sole proprietorship
B. general partnership
C. limited partnership
D. corporation
E. limited liability company

 

39. Financial managers should strive to maximize the current value per share of the existing stock because: 
A. doing so guarantees the company will grow in size at the maximum possible rate.
B. doing so increases the salaries of all the employees.
C. the current stockholders are the owners of the corporation.
D. doing so means the firm is growing in size faster than its competitors.
E. the managers often receive shares of stock as part of their compensation.

 

40. The decisions made by financial managers should all be ones which increase the: 
A. size of the firm.
B. growth rate of the firm.
C. marketability of the managers.
D. market value of the existing owners' equity.
E. financial distress of the firm.

 

 

41. Which one of the following actions by a financial manager creates an agency problem? 
A. refusing to borrow money when doing so will create losses for the firm
B. refusing to lower selling prices if doing so will reduce the net profits
C. agreeing to expand the company at the expense of stockholders' value
D. agreeing to pay bonuses based on the book value of the company stock
E. increasing current costs in order to increase the market value of the stockholders' equity

 

42. Which of the following help convince managers to work in the best interest of the stockholders?
I. compensation based on the value of the stock
II. stock option plans
III. threat of a proxy fight
IV. threat of conversion to a partnership 
A. I and II only
B. II and III only
C. I, II and III only
D. I and III only
E. I, II, III, and IV

 

43. Which form of business structure faces the greatest agency problems? 
A. sole proprietorship
B. general partnership
C. limited partnership
D. corporation
E. limited liability company

 

44. A proxy fight occurs when: 
A. the board solicits renewal of current members.
B. a group solicits proxies to replace the board of directors.
C. a competitor offers to sell their ownership in the firm.
D. the firm files for bankruptcy.
E. the firm is declared insolvent.

 

 

45. Which one of the following parties is considered a stakeholder of a firm? 
A. employee
B. short-term creditor
C. long-term creditor
D. preferred stockholder
E. common stockholder

 

46. Which of the following are key requirements of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act?
I. Officers of the corporation must review and sign annual reports.
II. Officers of the corporation must now own more than 5% of the firm's stock.
III. Annual reports must list deficiencies in internal controls
IV. Annual reports must be filed with the SEC within 30 days of year end. 
A. I only
B. II only
C. I and III only
D. II and III only
E. II and IV only

 

47. Insider trading is: 
A. legal.
B. illegal.
C. impossible to have in our efficient market.
D. discouraged, but legal.
E. list only the securities of the largest firms.

 

48. Sole proprietorships are predominantly started because: 
A. they are easily and cheaply setup.
B. the proprietorship life is limited to the business owner's life.
C. all business taxes are paid as individual tax.
D. All of the above.
E. None of the above.

 

 

49. Managers are encouraged to act in shareholders' interests by: 
A. shareholder election of a board of directors who select management.
B. the threat of a takeover by another firm.
C. compensation contracts that tie compensation to corporate success.
D. Both A and B.
E. All of the above.

 

50. The Securities Exchange Act of 1934 focuses on: 
A. all stock transactions.
B. sales of existing securities.
C. issuance of new securities.
D. insider trading.
E. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insurance.

 

51. The basic regulatory framework in the United States was provided by: 
A. the Securities Act of 1933.
B. the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
C. the monetary system.
D. A and B.
E. All of the above.

 

52. The Securities Act of 1933 focuses on: 
A. all stock transactions.
B. sales of existing securities.
C. issuance of new securities.
D. insider trading.
E. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insurance.

 

53. In a limited partnership: 
A. each limited partner's liability is limited to his net worth.
B. each limited partner's liability is limited to the amount he put into the partnership.
C. each limited partner's liability is limited to his annual salary.
D. there is no limitation on liability; only a limitation on what the partner can earn.
E. None of the above.

 

 

54. Accounting profits and cash flows are: 
A. generally the same since they reflect current laws and accounting standards.
B. generally the same since accounting profits reflect when the cash flows are received.
C. generally not the same since GAAP allows for revenue recognition separate from the receipt of cash flows.
D. generally not the same because cash inflows occur before revenue recognition.
E. Both c and d.

 

 


Essay Questions
 

55. List and briefly describe the three basic questions addressed by a financial manager. 


 


 


 

 

56. What advantages does the corporate form of organization have over sole proprietorships or partnerships? 


 


 


 

 

57. If the corporate form of business organization has so many advantages over the sole proprietorship, why is it so common for small businesses to initially be formed as sole proprietorships? 


 


 


 

 

 

58. What should be the goal of the financial manager of a corporation? Why? 


 


 


 

 

59. Do you think agency problems arise in sole proprietorships and/or partnerships? 


 


 


 

 

60. Assume for a moment that the stockholders in a corporation have unlimited liability for corporate debts. If so, what impact would this have on the functioning of primary and secondary markets for common stock? 


 


 


 

 

61. Suppose you own 100 shares of IBM stock which you intend to sell today. Since you will sell it in the secondary market, IBM will receive no direct cash flows

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