The following accounts were taken from the records of Beta Co. on the year end (December 31, 2017) after adjusting entries being recorded and posted; all accounts have normal balances:
Account payables $ 5,200
Account receivables 6,400
Cost of goods sold 8,300
Capital stock 18,700
Sales Revenue 24,800
Salaries expense 4,300
Salaries payable 1,000
Interest expense 1,980
Utilities expense 720
Income Tax Expense 1,000
Income Tax Payable 400
Investment (long-term) in ZYX, Inc shares 5,700
Depreciation Expense-Equipment 2,400
Sales Discounts 1,000
Accumulated Depreciation-Equipment 3,600
Bonds Payable (Due in ten years) 16,500
Retained Earnings (January 1, 2017) 2,500
Total assets (end of the year) ?
Total assets (beginning of the year) 47,100
Number of share outstanding during the year is 5,100. No new shares were issued during the year. The stock was selling at $10 per share at the year end.
No additional entries are required.
REQUIREMENT: (Show your detailed work)
(a) Prepare Classified Balance Sheet, Multiple-Step Income Statement and Statement of Retained Earnings using the proper format and all the required accounting conventions.
(b) Prepare the closing entries for Beta.
(c) Calculate the ratios (listed in the chapter 14 comments) for Beta’s profitability, liquidity and credit risk /solvency.
Use Financial Statements Preparation Conventions for all financial statements:
Have titles with three lines including Name of the company, name of the statement, and time or time period in this order.
The above statement is called classified Balance Sheet, but still has Balance Sheet in the title.
Columns do not mean debits and credits (just used to make the presentation clear).
First amount in each column must have a $ sign.
Not every amount can have a $ sign.
Single line is used for addition or subtraction - subtotal, amount below single line must have a $ sign.
The final total has a double line under it and is not used in subsequent calculations, has $ sign.
Section that has more than one item must have a subtotal and any section with just one item should not have a subtotal.
Multiple Choice Questions:
1. An accounting principle must receive substantial authoritative support to qualify as generally accepted. Among the organizations and agencies which have been influential in the development of generally accepted accounting principles, which of the following has provided the most influential leadership?
a Internal Revenue Service.
b National Association of Accountants.
c Financial Accounting Standards Board.
d New York Stock Exchange.
2. The nature of an asset is best described as:
a Something with physical form which is valued at cost in the accounting records.
b An economic resource owned by a business and expected to benefit future operations.
c An economic resource representing cash or the right to receive cash in the near future.
d Something owned by a business that has a ready market value.
3. Mike Rodgers, owner of Mike's Taco Barn, also owns a personal residence that cost $130,000, but has a market value of $250,000. During preparation of the financial statements for Mike's Taco Barn, the accounting principle most relevant to the presentation of Mike's home is:
a The concept of the business entity.
b The cost principle.
c The going-concern assumption.
d The objectivity principle.
4. At December 31, 1993, the accounting records of Darcy, Inc., contain the following items:
Accounts Payable....$ 24,000 Accounts Receivable....$ 60,000
Land.................... ? Cash.............................. 54,000
Capital Stock........... 600,000 Equipment................... 180,000
Building.................. 500,000 Retained Earnings......... ?
Note Payable........... 250,000
If Retained Earnings at December 31, 1993, are $300,000, total assets amount to:
5. During the current year, liabilities of Bowie's Meats increased by $320,000, and owners' equity increased by $90,000.
a Assets at the end of the year total $410,000.
b Assets at the end of the year total $230,000.
c Assets increased during the year by $410,000.
d Assets decreased during the year by $230,000.
6. The process of originally recording a business transaction in the accounting records is termed:
7. The journal entry to record a particular business transaction includes a debit to a liability account. This transaction is most likely also to include:
a A cash receipt.
b The purchase of an asset on account.
c A cash payment.
d A credit to Accounts Receivable.
8. A trial balance will indicate the existence of an error if:
a The purchase of a typewriter for $870 is entered in the accounting records as a debit of $87 to Office Equipment and a credit of $87 to Accounts Payable.
b The collection of $75 cash is recorded by a debit to Accounts Receivable and a credit to Cash.
c A ledger account with a credit balance is listed as a debit amount in the trial balance.
d A journal entry debiting Equipment is posted as a debit to the Building account.
9. The Accountant for the McCarthy Company forgot to make an adjusting entry to record depreciation for the current year. The effect of this error would be:
a An overstatement of net income and an understatement of assets.
b An overstatement of assets offset by an understatement of owners' equity.
c An overstatement of assets, net income, and owners' equity.
d. An overstatement of assets and of net income and an understatement of owners' equity.