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South University NSG5003 Final Exam 2019
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Question 1

Which component of the cell produces hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by using oxygen to remove hydrogen atoms from specific substrates in an oxidative reaction?

Question 2

What is a consequence of plasma membrane damage to the mitochondria?

Question 3

Which statement is a description of one of the characteristics of apoptosis?

Question 4

During cell injury caused by hypoxia, sodium and water move into the cell because:

Question 5

What is an effect of ionizing radiation exposure?

Question 6

Obesity creates a greater risk for dehydration in people because:

Question 7

In addition to osmosis, what force is involved in the movement of water between the plasma and interstitial fluid spaces?

Question 8

Venous obstruction is a cause of edema because of an increase in which pressure?

Question 9

At the arterial end of capillaries, fluid moves from the intravascular space into the interstitial space because:

Question 10

It is true that natriuretic peptides:

Question 11

What causes the clinical manifestations of confusion, convulsions, cerebral hemorrhage, and coma in hypernatremia?

Question 12

A major determinant of the resting membrane potential necessary for the transmission of nerve impulses is the ratio between:

Question 13

In hyperkalemia, what change occurs to the cells’ resting membrane potential?

Question 14

Physiologic pH is maintained at approximately 7.4 because bicarbonate (HCO3) and carbonic acid (H2CO3) exist in a ratio of:

Question 15

Increased capillary hydrostatic pressure results in edema because of:

Question 16

Hypomethylation and the resulting effect on oncogenes result in:

Question 17

The functions of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and CD1 molecules are alike because both:

Question 18

The B-cell receptor (BCR) complex functions uniquely by:

Question 19

The generation of clonal diversity includes a process that:

Question 20

Vaccinations are able to provide protection against certain microorganisms because of the:

Question 21

What is the mechanism that results in type II hypersensitivity reactions?

Question 22

When soluble antigens from infectious agents enter circulation, tissue damage is a result of:

Question 23

Considering the hypothalamus, a fever is produced by:

Question 24

Vaccines against viruses are created from:

Question 25

Carcinoma in situ is characterized by which changes?

Question 26

Two “hits” are required to inactivate tumor-suppressor genes because:

Question 27

What is the skin-related health risk induced by some types of chemotherapy?

Question 28

When a child is diagnosed with cancer, which intervention has the greatest influence on the child’s mortality rate?

Question 29

Reflex activities concerned with the heart rate, blood pressure, respirations, sneezing, swallowing, and coughing are controlled by which area of the brain?

Question 30

The edema of the upper cervical cord after a spinal cord injury is considered life threatening because of which possible outcome?

Question 31

What term is used to describe the complication that can result from a spinal cord injury above T6 that is producing paroxysmal hypertension, as well as piloerection and sweating above the spinal cord lesion?

Question 32

Atheromatous plaques are most commonly found:

Question 33

Multiple sclerosis is best described as:

Question 34

Graves disease develops from:

Question 35

Pathologic changes associated with Graves disease include:

Question 36

A patient diagnosed with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) has the following laboratory values: arterial pH 7.20, serum glucose 500 mg/dl, positive urine glucose and ketones, serum potassium (K+) 2 mEq/L, and serum sodium (Na+) 130 mEq/L. The patient  reports that he has been sick with the “flu” for a week. What relationship do these values have to his insulin deficiency?

Question 37

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is best described as:

Question 38

The common hay fever allergy is expressed through a reaction that is mediated by which class of immunoglobulins?

Question 39

A person diagnosed with type 1 diabetes experiences hunger, lightheadedness, tachycardia, pallor, headache, and confusion. The most probable cause of these symptoms is:

Question 40

Hypoglycemia, followed by rebound hyperglycemia, is observed in those with:

Question 41

Which structure is lined with columnar epithelial cells

Question 42

Where is the usual site of cervical dysplasia or cancer in situ?

Question 43

Which statement best describes a Schilling test?

Question 44

In aplastic anemia (AA), pancytopenia develops as a result of which of the following?

Question 45

Which statement is true regarding warm autoimmune hemolytic anemia?

Question 46

Hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN) can occur if the mother:

Question 47

When diagnosed with hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN), why does the newborn develop hyperbilirubinemia after birth but not in utero?

Question 48

How does angiotensin II increase the workload of the heart after a myocardial infarction (MI)?

Question 49

What event is a characteristic of the function in Zone I of the lung?

Question 50

What factor associated with gluten-sensitive enteropathy (celiac sprue) causes an infant to bruise and bleed easily?

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South University NSG5003 Final Exam 2019
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  • Submitted On 10 Jan, 2019 04:18:30
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Question Question 1 Which component of the cell produces hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) by using oxygen to remove hydrogen atoms from specific substrates in an oxidative reaction? Question 2 What is a consequence of plasma membrane damage to the mitochondria? Question 3 Which statement is a description of one of the characteristics of apoptosis? Question 4 During cell injury caused by hypoxia, sodium and water move into the cell because: Question 5 What is an effect of ionizing radiation exposure? Question 6 Obesity creates a greater risk for dehydration in people because: Question 7 In addition to osmosis, what force is involved in the movement of water between the plasma and interstitial fluid spaces? Question 8 Venous obstruction is a cause of edema because of an increase in which pressure? Question 9 At the arterial end of capillaries, fluid moves from the intravascular space into the interstitial space because: Question 10 It is true that natriuretic peptides: Question 11 What causes the clinical manifestations of confusion, convulsions, cerebral hemorrhage, and coma in hypernatremia? Question 12 A major determinant of the resting membrane potential necessary for the transmission of nerve impulses is the ratio between: Question 13 In hyperkalemia, what change occurs to the c...
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