Gender structures social relationships between people unequally. This is a statement that would be supported by which group?
the general population
Which group argues that sexuality in America is an expression of the unequal power balance between men and women?
John Gray’s book Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus was a number-one best seller for more than a decade. Which of the following is one of the reasons his book has been so popular?
It offers the appeal of easy-to-grasp, commonsense generalizations.
People wanted to use information in the book to challenge gender stereotypes.
The book makes academic sociological perspectives easier to grasp.
People had never thought about the differences between men and women before reading the book.
Lou is a man who was raised as a girl. What would Amos Mac predict about how Lou will tell his life narrative? Lou will describe:
an individualized narrative specific only to Lou.
a “before and after” story that shifts from girl to boy.
a childhood sense of living in the “wrong” body.
a narrative missing many episodes due to traumatic memory loss.
Bob and Sue paint their baby’s room pink as soon as they find out they are having a girl. They are beginning to provide the baby with what?
her gendered identity
Which of the following would be considered a positive trait or characteristic for a man within today’s hegemonic masculinity?
a love of sports
Amos Mac is a man who was raised as a girl. Which of the following describes Amos Mac’s self-description? He:
is comfortable in his mind but still struggles to come to terms with his body.
always felt like an adult man, even when he was a child.
is at peace with himself but sometimes worries about how strangers perceive him.
is comfortable in his own skin and doesn’t fully resonate with either “man” or “woman.”
While the notion of sex refers to biological characteristics, the concept of gender refers to ________ characteristics.
By looking at anthropological findings in tribal societies, sociologists can see fluidity in gender, which helps us see that the boundaries within our own system of gender:
are biologically fixed.
are emotionally guided.
may not be stable.
are psychologically established.
Sexuality refers to desire, sexual preference, sexual identity, and behavior. Which of the following is true about sexuality?
There is enormous variation in how humans have sex and what it means to them.
There is little variation in how humans have sex and what it means to them.
Before 1850, people did not engage in homosexual behaviors.
In all societies, homosexual behavior is stigmatized and unaccepted.
Which of the following is one main reason why a Navajo person would identify as nadle? The person:
was bodily altered by sacrificial emasculation.
was born with ambiguous genitalia.
has sexual feelings toward people of the same sex.
was shamed with the stigma of divorce.
In our society, many people take for granted that sex has only two categories and tend to ignore facts that suggest sex itself is socially constructed. Which of the following is an outcome of this sexual dichotomization?
the assumption that gender is fluid
viewing sexual variation as a part of our diversity as a species
the common belief that a person’s genitalia do not always correspond to a person’s gender
the exclusion of those who don’t fit neatly into one category or the other
In the one-sex model, it was believed that both a man’s and a woman’s orgasm were required for conception. When the two-sex model gained momentum, women and men were viewed as radically different creatures, and the female orgasm became viewed as:
crucial for conception.
Judith Lorber believes that gender is a social institution because it is:
an all-encompassing social norm that controls individuals.
a major structure organizing our day-to-day experiences.
within an institution (hospital) that our gender first emerges.
a social construction instead of a biological construction.
Similar to hegemonic masculinity, social problems that exist within a dominant group in a society tend to be:
highly visible and therefore cause for concern.
invisible because they are regarded as the norm.
highly funded and therefore easier to solve.
not cause for questioning for sociologists, as they undermine the social order.
A researcher studies the effects of gender by comparing people’s experiences before undergoing sex changes and then again after their sex changes (e.g., like the Donald to Deirdre case). The researcher uses a statistical technique called individual fixed effects, which involves:
comparing an outcome across time as some factor changes.
comparing an outcome across space, in two different places.
comparing an outcome across time without altering any factors.
comparing outcomes to determine cause and effect.
After a traumatic accident, a male baby is left with a micropenis that is badly damaged. Based on the case of David Reimer, what would likely be most helpful?
The baby should be raised as a boy and should participate in medical decision making in age-appropriate ways.
No predictions can be made because each case is so individual.
The baby should be surgically reassigned as a female and raised as a girl.
Doctors should decide, and even when he’s older, the baby should never be informed.
Sociologist Cynthia Fuchs Epstein argues that deceptive distinctions are those sex differences that arise out of the roles individuals occupy rather than from some innate force. Which of the following is an example of deceptive distinctions?
a man who is a Supreme Court judge and behaves in nurturing and emotive ways
a boy who is a football player and acts fearless and bold
a woman who is a nurse but does not behave in nurturing and emotive ways
a girl who is a cheerleader and acts unanimated and unenthusiastic
When token men enter feminized jobs, they enjoy a quicker rise to leadership positions. This is referred to as the:
Many people believe sex to be an either/or situation (either male or female), but sociologists believe these pure categories are:
more of an ideal than an absolute.
not biologically absolute but socially helpful.
Anthropologist Don Kulick (1998) conducted an ethnography of the transgender prostitutes in Brazil, known as travesti. Which of the following did he find to be true?
The travesti think of themselves as male, even if they allow themselves to be penetrated by other men.
The travesti identify themselves simply as men and are identified by other Brazilians as“normal men.”
The travesti think of themselves as men who emulate women but are not women.
The travesti display stereotypically feminine traits and identify themselves as women.
Use Paula England’s research to predict what incoming college students will find on campus.
a culture of dating
a culture of technology-mediated friendships and romantic partnerships
a culture of hooking up
a norm of alcohol influencing sexual encounters
According to Michelle Rosaldo’s theory, regardless of time or culture, women tend to be associated with ________ and men tend to be associated with ________.
the domestic sphere; the public sphere
being owned; ownership
Alain’s daughter wears dresses, plays with dolls, and likes to pretend she is a princess. Alain does not think society has influenced her preferences or games at all. He views his daughter as evidence that human behavior is determined by genes and hormones. Which term best describes Alain’s views?
the binary system
In the classroom, compared to boys, girls:
are expected to be better at reading.
are expected to be better at math.
are called on more in class.
interrupt the other sex more often.
Which of the following is one of the reasons why sociologists view gender as a social construction rather than a biological given?
Contemporary studies show us that men and women have different personality structures, the innate by-product of existing social structural relations.
Societies in various historical periods have not made any distinction between different genders.
Our understandings of, categorizations of, and behaviors toward what it means to be a man or woman have changed throughout history.
There are no social or biological differences between men and women.
It is 2013, and Isaac is an incoming college student.Sociological research surrounding the data presented in this chart would predict what outcome for Isaac? He will likely:
major in finance or engineering and ultimately out earn his female classmates.
take longer to finish his college degree than most of his female peers.
major in a traditionally female field in order to benefit from minority status.
experience equality with women in prestige and income.
Angie writes a college paper about the origins of patriarchy. Following Gayle Rubin’s theory closely, she argues that:
girls develop subordinate psychologies due to their relationships with their mothers.
trading women as property gave men certain rights over their female kin.
testosterone makes men more dominant.
sex role theory places women in a subordinate position.
Jobs that have been feminized, such as teaching or secretarial work, are also referred to as:
Alfred Kinsey’s 1948 study, Sexual Behavior in the Human Male, is important because:
it viewed the sexual behavior of men as more deviant than what was initially thought, lending support to the psychiatric diagnosis of homosexuality as perverse.
it increased funding to researchers interested in studying the sexual practices of other deviant subcultures.
it viewed sexuality as falling on a continuum, thus challenging the psychiatric claim of homosexuality as abnormal.
sexual topics became taboo for the first time in history.
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- Submitted On 19 Jul, 2018 04:31:26