Which of the following represents an ascribed status?
a sociology major
an American of Japanese descent
a high-school dropout
The popular television show Sesame Street was created with the explicit purpose of providing educational opportunities for low-income children. Sesame Street has been very successful, showing that:
the media have the power to erase the reproduction of inequality in society.
low-income children now have the same opportunities as their wealthier peers.
children are not affected by what they see on television.
the media serve as a powerful socializing agent.
Today’s assumption that childhood represents a distinct phase in the life course stands in sharp contrast to the notion of children as little adults that was popular in preindustrial times. This example highlights how:
our notions of childhood are socially constructed.
children today are increasingly put to work.
children have redefined their status over the years.
children’s views of the world remain the same.
According to impression management, the backstage arena would include:
social settings where less than ten people are present.
times of solitude and personal reflection.
occasions when we create and maintain particular impressions of ourselves.
occasions when we are in public, but the spotlight is on someone else.
Most sociologists (and biologists) argue that race is a human invention, or is socially constructed. Which of the following statements highlights how race is socially constructed?
Race is biologically real, but society should choose to be “color-blind.”
Racial categories on census forms have continued to change over time.
Race stems from genetic differences and occurs in other mammals as well.
Racial categories have always been fixed and remain the same in different cultures.
The process by which a person internalizes the values, beliefs, and norms required to become a functioning member of a given society is known as:
According to Annette Lareau (2003), working-class and poor parents focus on the “accomplishment of natural growth,” while middle-class parents are more likely to engage in “concerted cultivation.” In the“accomplishment of natural growth,” children experience:
instruction in how to interact with adult authority figures and how to manage schedules.
organized activities that are established and controlled by their mothers and fathers.
long stretches of leisure time and child-initiated play.
assistance, monitoring, and intervention from parents in their schoolwork.
Your professor drank too much over the weekend and tripped and sprained his ankle. When asked about his injury in class the next day, the professor replied, “I sprained my ankle playing soccer with the kids.” This is an example of:
a breach of common roles.
Who developed the theory that uses game playing to understand the development of the self?
Charles Horton Cooley
George Herbert Mead
A single mother who is experiencing incompatibility within her status, such as not having enough time to both get adequate sleep and spend quality time with her children, may be experiencing which of the following?
Which of the following would be the best example of a total institution?
a political party
a sports team
a Boy Scout troop
0 / 1 pts
Which of the following is an example of a given-off gesture?
glancing at your watch when a friend starts another story at a party in an attempt to hint that you should both leave
consciously stifling a laugh when someone walks into the class with toilet paper on his or her shoe
staring at the ceiling while your professor is talking
waving instead of greeting someone verbally
Which of the following theories argues that people’s feelings and choices about how to act are based on shared meanings, orientations, and assumptions?
Sharon avoids talking on the phone because ending a conversation is so awkward. How would dramaturgical theory explain why it is more difficult to end a conversation (closing) when on the phone than in person?
Backstage critique becomes so strong that it is difficult to choose what to say.
By the end of a phone conversation, too many breaches have occurred.
We are in the backstage when on the phone but in the front stage when in person.
People cannot see our nonverbal closing gestures.
When Max gets dressed, he looks at himself in a mirror and considers how people will see him. He isn’t thinking of a specific person’s reaction but rather that of people in general. This ability to imagine how society perceives the self is what Mead refers to as X in the diagram. What is X?
the projected ego
the eyes of society
the generalized other
Janet has a paper due in her English class, a test in her psychology class, and field notes due in her anthropology class this week. On top of it all, she needs to meet with her advisor to plan out classes for next semester. Janet feels pressured. She is experiencing:
Who developed role theory as a way to examine social interaction?
Charles Horton Cooley
George Herbert Mead would probably argue that if your four-year-old daughter picks her nose and keeps pulling up her dress while you are out at a fancy restaurant, it is because she has not:
developed an I.
had enough social interaction.
experienced role strain.
internalized the generalized other.
Venus Williams is one of the top women’s tennis players in the world. Because this status overrides all her other statuses, it is known as her:
Saying “hello” when answering the telephone signals the start of an encounter in the first bracket and is known to dramaturgists as:
The story of the abused child named Anna teaches lessons about the importance of ________ as an influence on human development.
Most people occupy many statuses at a particular point in time (e.g., student, son or daughter, employee, citizen). This list of statuses is known as the:
set of others.
Which of the following best describes the difference between the I and the me in George Herbert Mead’s theory?
The I wants to please others; the me wants to please the self.
The I is one’s sense of agency; the me is how we believe others see us.
The I is empathetic; the me is self-absorbed.
The I is how we believe others view us; the me is how we view ourselves.
According to research by Annette Lareau (2003), parents of different social classes socialize their children differently. Which of the following statements best describes these differences?
Middle-class parents are more likely to structure their children’s leisure time with formal activities; working-class parents leave it up to the kids to decide how they want to structure their free time.
Middle-class parents give more opportunity for kids to do what they want; working-class parents mandate more structured activities.
Working-class parents use time-outs as a form of punishment; middle-class parents use spanking as a form of punishment.
Middle-class parents value obedience over independent thinking; working-class kids are taught to use logic and reason to support their choices.
According to dramaturgical theory, the primary goal of every social interaction is to:
make a good impression.
conform to the script.
be front (and center) stage.
reduce backstage critique.
Studies have shown that people interact with babies differently based on whether the babies are boys or girls. Using role theory, we could argue that:
sex is an achieved status.
gender roles vary by social class.
boys and girls are simply different.
sex is a master status in our society.
Harold Garfinkel developed an approach to studying human interaction that focused on how people produce and maintain a mutually shared social order. This method was called:
Because military boot camps and prisons are places that control all of the basics of people’s day-to-day lives, they are known as:
The sociological significance of roles is that they:
are almost always identical from one setting to the next.
are found in most human societies, but not all.
dictate the reality of a situation.
lay out what is expected of people.
According to Charles Horton Cooley, we develop a self-concept by:
interpreting how others think about us.
interpreting our feelings about ourselves.
inheriting genetic characteristics from our parents.
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- Submitted On 19 Jul, 2018 04:21:49