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USHIST101 Graded Exam 4 (A++++ Answer)
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Question 1

In the 1820s, most of the settlers from the United States who migrated to Texas were

Select one:

a. white southerners and their slaves.

b. white northerners.

c. free blacks.

d. whites from the Far West.

e. recently-arrived European immigrants.

Question 2

Within the ideology of Manifest Destiny were all the following beliefs EXCEPT that

Select one:

a. the United States was destined by God and history to expand in size.

b. the United States should create a vast new “empire of liberty.”

c. U.S. expansion was acceptable so long as it stayed out of Mexico and Canada.

d. the growth of the United States should ultimately include much of the rest of the world.

e. None of these answers is , as all of these were beliefs encompassed by the ideology of Manifest Destiny.

Question 3

As a result of the gold rush, by 1850,

Select one:

a. Californian Indians saw their social conditions improve.

b. California had a large surplus of labor.

c. California’s population had become even more diverse.

d. California had a population larger than any state in the Union.

e. California became virulently antislavery.

Question 4

The presidential election of 1844

Select one:

a. was a contest between Henry Clay and Martin Van Buren.

b. was a contest between two solidly pro-expansionists.

c. was won by a Democrat.

d. saw a northerner win the presidency.

e. was primarily a referendum on the leadership of John Tyler.

Question 5

Between 1840 and 1860, most migrants traveling west on the overland trails

Select one:

a. experienced frequent Indian attacks, which was a leading cause of death.

b. usually faced trips that lasted between two to three months.

c. rode in wagons much more than they walked on foot.

d. found the journey to be a very collective experience.

e. saw men generally working harder during the trip than women.

Question 6

The 1853 Gadsden Purchase

Select one:

a. temporarily calmed the rivalry between North and South.

b. was made with England.

c. advanced the cause of a southern route for the transcontinental railroad.

d. fulfilled the treaty ending the Mexican War.

e. cost the United States government $25 million.

Question 7

The 1854 Ostend Manifesto

Select one:

a. enraged southern slaveowners.

b. was directed at limiting England’s influence in the Caribbean.

c. was part of an attempt by the United States to acquire Cuba.

d. saw several European powers denounce American slavery.

e. prohibited slavery in the Hawaiian Islands.

Question 8

During the Mexican War,

Select one:

a. President Polk considered Zachary Taylor to be his closest ally in Mexico.

b. American settlers in California staged a revolt with the help of the United States navy.

c. victory came more easily than President Polk had anticipated.

d. the actual fighting was confined to Texas and Mexico.

e. President Polk tried to placate Whigs by minimizing military offensives.

Question 9

The Mexican War resulted in large part from

Select one:

a. the United States provoking Mexico to fight.

b. Mexico provoking the United States to fight.

c. Texas citizens attacking Mexican forces.

d. Mexican forces attacking Americans in California.

e. Texas citizens staging an attack by Mexican forces.

Question 10

The key to victory for the United States in the Mexican War was

Select one:

a. Zachary Taylor’s taking of Monterrey.

b. the Bear Flag Revolt in California.

c. Stephen Kearny’s capture of Santa Fe.

d. Winfield Scott’s seizure of Mexico City.

e. Nicholas Trist’s diplomatic maneuvering.

Question 11

James Buchanan

Select one:

a. weakly opposed the Dred Scott decision.

b. opposed the admission of Kansas as a slave state.

c. pressured Congress to admit Kansas under the Lecompton constitution.

d. refused to enforce the Supreme Court’s Dred Scott decision.

e. None of these answers is .

Question 12

In the election of 1860,

Select one:

a. the Republicans called for a suspension of plans for a transcontinental railroad.

b. Stephen Douglas received a larger popular vote than Abraham Lincoln.

c. John Bell and John. C. Breckinridge, taken together, bested Lincoln in the popular vote.

d. the Republicans won a narrow majority in Congress.

e. white southerners concluded that their position in the Union was hopeless.

Question 13

Southern defenders of slavery made all the following arguments EXCEPT that

Select one:

a. southern slaves enjoyed better conditions than northern industrial workers.

b. blacks were inherently unfit to take care of themselves.

c. slavery allowed whites and blacks to live together peacefully.

d. black codes protected slaves from abuse.

e. the southern way of life was superior to any other in the world.

Question 14

In the 1860 elections, the political party most deeply divided over slavery was the

Select one:

a. Republican Party.

b. Whig Party.

c. Know-Nothing Party.

d. Constitutional Union Party.

e. Democratic Party.

Question 15

Which of the following statements regarding the Kansas-Nebraska Act is FALSE?

Select one:

a. It divided and destroyed the Whig Party.

b. It led to the creation of the Republican Party.

c. It created two new territories.

d. It explicitly repealed the Missouri Compromise.

e. It was sponsored by Henry Clay.

Question 16

In the 1850s, the issue of slavery complicated the proposal to build a transcontinental railroad, as

Select one:

a. it raised the question of whether or not slaves would be used as railroad labor.

b. non-slaveowning northerners and slaveowning southerners could not agree on a route.

c. British banks refused to help fund the project as long as slavery existed in the United States.

d. it raised the question of whether or not slaves would be used as railroad labor, and British banks refused to help fund the projects as long as slavery existed in the U.S.

e. None of these answers is .

Question 17

In the 1850s, in an effort to undercut the Fugitive Slave Act, some northern states

Select one:

a. called for secession from the South.

b. proposed a national referendum on the slave issue.

c. passed laws preventing the deportation of fugitive slaves.

d. forbid fugitive slave hunters from traveling in their state.

e. began actively funding the underground railroad.

Question 18

As a supporter of land operations, the Union naval presence was particularly important on the

Select one:

a. Chesapeake.

b. western rivers.

c. southern gulf.

d. Great Lakes.

e. Outer Banks.

Question 19

The Battle of Gettysburg

Select one:

a. represented the last time Confederate forces seriously threatened Union territory.

b. saw Union General George Meade lose nearly a third of his army.

c. saw Union General George Meade clearly be more aggressive than Robert E. Lee.

d. saw Robert E. Lee poised for victory after his attack on Cemetery Ridge.

e. was a Union victory, thanks to Meade having found a copy of Lee’s orders.

Question 20

The Battle of Antietam in 1862

Select one:

a. led President Abraham Lincoln to remove George McClellan from command.

b. was a significant Confederate victory.

c. saw Robert E. Lee field an army twice the size of the Union forces.

d. both saw Robert E.Lee field an army twice the size of the Union forces, and led President Abraham Lincoln to remove George McClellan from command.

e. All these answers are .

Question 21

The Confederacy financed its war effort primarily through

Select one:

a. selling bonds.

b. printing money.

c. foreign loans.

d. an income tax.

e. seizure of Northern assets.

Question 22

On April 14, 1861, Fort Sumter surrendered after

Select one:

a. Confederate forces bombarded it for two days.

b. President Lincoln chose to not resupply the fort.

c. Southern soldiers occupied the fort.

d. the fort’s commander decided to join the Confederacy.

e. the Union commanding officer, Robert Anderson, was killed.

Question 23

At the end of the Civil War, the number of slaves that emerged from bondage was

Select one:

a. about 800,000.

b. about 1 million.

c. about 2.5 million.

d. about 3.5 million.

e. about 6 million.

Question 24

In 1865, Southern whites defined “freedom” as

Select one:

a. the right to use federal assistance to recover from the Civil War.

b. controlling their future without Northern interference.

c. the right of Southern states to remain outside of the Union.

d. the removal of freed blacks from their states.

e. monetary compensation for lost slaves.

Question 25

The Alabama claims

Select one:

a. saw the United States refuse to pay Alabama for losses incurred during the Civil War.

b. involved complaints by the United States against England.

c. ended an experiment in black landownership.

d. marked a renewed effort in asserting the rights of states over federal authority.

e. were found by the Supreme Court to invalidate Radical Reconstruction.

Question 26

The Panic of 1873

Select one:

a. began after the Southern crop-lien system collapsed.

b. saw Republicans call on Grant to go off the gold standard.

c. saw President Grant favor putting more paper currency into circulation.

d. began after revelations of corruption in the Grant administration.

e. was the nation’s worst economic depression to that time.

Question 27

After the Civil War, most poor rural Southerners relied on credit from

Select one:

a. local banks.

b. the federal government.

c. Northern financial institutions.

d. country stores.

e. state governments.

Question 28

The assassination of President Abraham Lincoln

Select one:

a. involved a larger conspiracy to kill other members of the administration.

b. saw John Wilkes Booth convicted of the murder of the president.

c. brought a Radical Republican to the presidency.

d. was intended to bring Andrew Johnson into the presidency.

e. had been planned at the highest levels of the Confederate government.

Question 29

During the Johnson administration, the United States acquired

Select one:

a. Alaska.

b. Hawaii.

c. Guam.

d. the Virgin Islands.

e. Puerto Rico.

Question 30

By the end of Reconstruction,

Select one:

a. most Southern black women did field work.

b. most Southern black women played a role in the family that was very different from that of white women.

c. roughly half of all black women were working for wages.

d. most black women did not hold a job.

e. black women still could not marry with any legal standing.

Question 31

During Reconstruction, Southern African American officeholders

Select one:

a. filled as many as five seats in the United States Senate.

b. were excluded from state constitutional conventions.

c. did not serve in the federal Congress or Senate.

d. rarely engaged in illegal political activities.

e. underrepresented the total number of blacks living in the South.

Question 32

During Reconstruction, regarding land ownership in the South,

Select one:

a. the Freedmen’s Bureau distributed millions of acres of land to freedmen.

b. most plantations abandoned during the Civil War remained vacant.

c. ownership by both whites and blacks increased.

d. the federal government vigorously acted to confiscate land owned by former Confederates.

e. ownership by whites declined, while ownership by blacks increased.

Question 33

During Reconstruction, most “carpetbaggers” were

Select one:

a. white Southerners who moved to the North.

b. freedmen who moved out of the South.

c. former confederates who moved to the West.

d. Northern white veterans who moved to the South.

e. Northern politicians who took offices in Southern states.

Question 34

The Tenure of Office Act

Select one:

a. gave the Senate the power to appoint members of the president’s cabinet.

b. was designed to limit President Andrew Johnson’s authority.

c. was roundly condemned by Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.

d. was both designed to limit President Andrew Johnson’s authority and roundly condemned by Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton.

e. None of these answers is .

Question 35

The Wade-Davis Bill

Select one:

a. essentially followed President Lincoln’s Reconstruction plans.

b. was criticized by Conservative Republicans for being too mild.

c. sought to bring about the disenfranchisement of leading Confederates.

d. denied reentry into the Union by former Confederate states for 10 years.

e. quickly became the law of the land.

Question 36

In his 1895 “Atlanta Compromise” speech, Booker T.Washington

Select one:

a. called for political and civil rights for black Americans.

b. criticized the federal government for abandoning southern blacks.

c. argued that blacks should honor their African forebears.

d. stated that blacks should give up in seeking equality with whites.

e. called for tacit acceptance of the emerging system of racial segregation.

Question 37

During the last quarter of the nineteenth century, southern agriculture

Select one:

a. saw a significant diversification of its crops.

b. saw a decline in absentee ownership of farmland.

c. regained the profitability it had had prior to the Civil War.

d. saw a deceleration of the processes begun in the postwar years.

e. saw the great majority of farmers live under the tenant system.

Question 38

Jim Crow laws

Select one:

a. imposed a system of state-supported segregation.

b. attacked the problem of lynching.

c. led immediately to a dramatic black exodus from the South.

d. challenged white Redeemer rule in the South.

e. did not apply to public parks, beaches, or picnic areas.

Question 39

Advocates of the “New South”

Select one:

a. opposed using northern capital.

b. discouraged white women from working outside of the home.

c. promoted southern industry and railroad development.

d. challenged the assumptions of white supremacy.

e. in fact advocated a return to the plantation system of the antebellum South.

Question 40

By the 1890s, voting percentages in the South had

Select one:

a. increased for blacks only.

b. increased for whites only.

c. declined for blacks only.

d. increased for whites and declined for blacks.

e. decreased for both whites and blacks

 

 

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USHIST101 Graded Exam 4 (A++++ Answer)
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Question Question 1 In the 1820s, most of the settlers from the United States who migrated to Texas were Select one: a. white southerners and their slaves. b. white northerners. c. free blacks. d. whites from the Far West. e. recently-arrived European immigrants. Question 2 Within the ideology of Manifest Destiny were all the following beliefs EXCEPT that Select one: a. the United States was destined by God and history to expand in size. b. the United States should create a vast new “empire of liberty.” c. U.S. expansion was acceptable so long as it stayed out of Mexico and Canada. d. the growth of the United States should ultimately include much of the rest of the world. e. None of these answers is , as all of these were beliefs encompassed by the ideology of Manifest Destiny. Question 3 As a result of the gold rush, by 1850, Select one: a. Californian Indians saw their social conditions improve. b. California had a large surplus of labor. c. California’s population had become even more diverse. d. California had a population larger than any state in the Union. e. California became virulently antislavery. Question 4 The presidential election of 1844 Select one: a. was a contest between Henry Clay and Martin Van Buren. b. was a contest between two solidly pro-expansionists. c. was won by a Democrat. d. saw a northerner win the presidency. e. was primarily a referendum on the leadership of John Tyler. Question 5 Between 1840 and 1860, most migrants traveling west on the overland trails Select one: a. experienced frequent Indian attacks, which was a leading cause of death. b. usually faced trips that lasted between two to three months. c. rode in wagons much more than they walked on foot. d. found the journey to be a very collective experience. e. saw men generally working harder during the trip than women. Question 6 The 1853 Gadsden Purchase Select one: a. temporarily calmed the rivalry between North and South. b. was made with England. c. advanced the cause of a southern route for the transcontinental railroad. d. fulfilled the treaty ending the Mexican War. e. cost the United States government $25 million. Question 7 The 1854 Ostend Manifesto Select one: a. enraged southern slaveowners. b. was directed at limiting England’s influence in the Caribbean. c. was part of an attempt by the United States to acquire Cuba. d. saw several European powers denounce American slavery. e. prohibited slavery in the Hawaiian Islands. Question 8 During the Mexican War, Select one: a. President Polk considered Zachary Taylor to be his closest ally in Mexico. b. American settlers in California staged a revolt with the help of the United States navy. c. victory came more easily than President Polk had anticipated. d. the actual fighting was confined to Texas and Mexico. e. President Polk tried to placate Whigs by minimizing military offensives. Question 9 The Mexican War resulted in large part from Select one: a. the United States provoking Mexico to fight. b. Mexico provoking the United States to fight. c. Texas citizens attacking Mexican forces. d. Mexican forces attacking Americans in California. e. Texas citizens staging an attack by Mexican forces. Question 10 The key to victory for the United States in the Mexican War was Select one: a. Zachary Taylor’s taking of Monterrey. b. the Bear Flag Revolt in California. c. Stephen Kearny’s capture of Santa Fe. d. Winfield Scott’s seizure of Mexico City. e. N...
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