In 1832, Henry Clay sought to use the debate over the Bank of the United States primarily to
a. politically embarrass President Jackson.
b. help his reelection to the Senate.
c. promote his“American System.”
d. boost his presidential candidacy.
e. exact revenge on Nicholas Biddle for a perceived slight.
President Andrew Jackson’s success in abolishing the Bank of the United States
a. caused serious political damage to his administration.
b. led the nation into a period of long economic decline.
c. left the nation with an unstable banking system for many years.
d. led him to lose the political support of Roger B. Taney.
e. seriously damaged his support within the Democratic Party.
In 1841, the British government
a. supported the rights and freedom of mutinous slaves on the Creole.
b. seized the Creole because it carried slaves.
c. briefly declared war on American shipping in response to the Creole mutiny.
d. refused to trade with American shipping companies that carried slaves.
e. returned mutinous slaves from the Creole to Virginia, at the request of President Tyler.
The political significance of Peggy Eaton on Andrew Jackson’s administration was that
a. the presidential aspirations of John C. Calhoun were likely ended.
b. John Eaton’s ties with the administration were strengthened.
c. Martin Van Buren had a political falling-out with President Jackson.
d. the political strength of President Jackson was weakened.
e. it encouraged Jackson to liberalize the nation’s divorce and coverture laws.
In 1836, Congress passed a “distribution” act that required the federal government to
a. apply a higher tax to foreign bondholders.
b. parcel out Indian land to the states.
c. reward loyal Democrats with government jobs.
d. make pension payments to veterans of the War of 1812.
e. disperse its surplus funds to the states.
In 1840, efforts to expand voting rights in Rhode Island resulted in
a. new laws that actually further restricted voting rights.
b. federal troops occupying the state capital for two years.
c. an effort within the state to secede from the Union.
d. two governments claiming control of the state.
e. female and black male suffrage for a brief period of time.
When John C. Calhoun put forth his doctrine of nullification, he was
a. a congressman.
b. a senator.
c. secretary of state.
d. vice president.
e. governor of South Carolina.
Of the “Five Civilized Tribes,” the tribe that best resisted the pressures of removal was the
As a result of the U.S. government’s Indian policy in the 1830s and 1840s,
a. violence between white Americans and Indian tribes ended.
b. all Indian tribes were forced to intermingle on one large reservation.
c. new federal attempts were made to assimilate Indian tribes into white society.
d. the United States gained control of ten million acres of Indian lands.
e. nearly all American Indian societies were removed to west of the Mississippi.
As the immigrant labor force in New England textile mills grew in the 1840s,
a. the workday grew shorter and wages declined.
b. piece rates replaced a daily wage.
c. women and children were more likely to earn more than men.
d. safety conditions began to improve.
e. the workday grew longer and wages increased.
In the 1830s, Cyrus McCormick improved grain farming when he patented his
Before 1860, the development of machine tools by the United States government resulted in the
a. turret lathe.
b. universal milling machine.
c. precision grinder.
d. turret lathe, universal milling machine, and precision grinder.
e. None of these answers is .
The Erie Canal was
a. limited to flat land.
b. built entirely by private investors.
c. built without either locks or gates.
d. a tremendous financial success.
e. a great boon to the growth of Philadelphia.
In the 1840s, John Deere introduced significant improvements to the
c. cotton gin.
In the 1840s, P. T. Barnum’s American Museum in New York showcased
a. nature and natural history.
b. American artists.
c. human oddities.
d. past American leaders and heroes.
e. European artists.
Ways in which slaves expressed elements of their African heritage included
a. singing songs and playing musical instruments, such as the banjo.
b. keeping family diaries and other written personal records.
c. wearing clothing that incorporated traditional African designs or colors.
d. speaking in their native African languages when out of the presence of whites.
e. celebrating traditional African feasts and rites of passage, in defiance of white law.
In the American slave family,
a. most couples did not formally marry.
b. black women typically began bearing children later than white women.
c. premarital pregnancy was uncommon.
d. extended kinship networks were strong and important.
e. premarital cohabitation was frowned upon.
Prior to 1860, free blacks in the South
a. were concentrated in the Deep South.
b. were required by law to leave the South.
c. increased in number in the 1850s, as laws encouraged owners to free “surplus” slaves.
d. occasionally attained wealth and prominence and owned slaves themselves.
e. avoided urban centers such as New Orleans or Natchez, where they might attract attention.
a. helped to keep the South a predominantly agricultural region.
b. was less coarse than long-staple cotton.
c. was easier to process than long-staple cotton.
d. was more susceptible to disease than long-staple cotton.
e. was only grown in the coastal regions of the upper South.
The New Orleans magazine publisher, James D. B. De Bow, championed
a. southern economic independence from the North.
b. southern commercial and agricultural growth.
c. closer economic ties with the North.
d. southern economic independence from the North, and southern commercial and agricultural growth.
e. closer economic ties with the North, and southern commercial and agricultural growth.
By 1860, the textile manufacturing sector of the American South
a. was nonexistent.
b. had increased threefold in value over the previous twenty years.
c. had declined in value throughout the 1840s and 1850s.
d. was equal to one-third of the value of cotton exported that year.
e. had come to dominate the South’s economy.
Prior to 1860, affluent southern white women
a. had created the most significant challenge to slavery in the South.
b. played a significantly different role from that of their northern counterparts.
c. commonly held income-producing jobs.
d. typically played an important role in public activities.
e. centered their lives in the home.
Regarding religion, American slaves
a. were expected to worship in black churches separate from whites.
b. had mostly converted to Islam by the early nineteenth century.
c. were usually not allowed to attend a church at all.
d. shunned Christianity in favor of the polytheistic traditions of Africa.
e. often incorporated African features into their Christianity.
Which of the following statements about the southern aristocratic ideal is FALSE?
a. Wealthy southern whites adopted an elaborate code of “chivalry.”
b. Dueling became a prominent facet of southern planter life.
c. Wealthy southern whites prided themselves on their egalitarianism.
d. Wealthy southern whites pretended to avoid such “coarse” occupations as trade and commerce.
e. Wealthy southern whites often gravitated toward the military.
The slave codes of the American South
a. defined anyone with a trace of African ancestry as black.
b. legalized slave marriages.
c. were rigidly enforced.
d. considered it a crime for an owner to kill a slave.
e. banned blacks from attending church.
Most white southerners owned
a. no slaves.
b. one slave.
c. two slaves.
d. three to five slaves.
e. six to ten slaves.
Though the trade and sale of slaves continued to be legal inside the U.S. until the Civil War, the “slave trade”—that is, the importation of slaves from Africa or any other foreign locale—was made illegal in
e. None of these answers is .
Herman Melville’s most important literary work was
a. Leaves of Grass.
b. Moby Dick.
c. The Deerslayer.
d. “The Raven.”
e. Uncle Tom’s Cabin.
William Lloyd Garrison believed the abolitionist movement should
a. stress the damage that slavery did to blacks rather than to whites.
b. seek the gradual elimination of slavery.
c. demand freedom for slaves, but deny them citizenship.
d. organize slave rebellions throughout the American South.
e. join forces with the more established American Colonization Society.
During the nineteenth century, the largest obstacle to improved medical care in America was the
a. absence of regulations in the medical profession.
b. absence of basic knowledge about disease.
c. low social status of medical professionals.
d. difficulty of medical experimentation.
e. apathy of the general population towards preventive health.
Which statement about Mormonism is FALSE?
a. Its founder was murdered.
b. It developed a very fluid, loose social structure.
c. Early Mormons practiced polygamy.
d. The first Mormons were generally marginally poor.
e. Early Mormons met with much persecution from their neighbors.
In the 1840s, the organized movement against drunkenness in the United States
a. linked alcohol to crime and poverty.
b. grew largely out of immigrant communities.
c. was actively opposed by a large majority of Americans.
d. remained a minor social movement.
e. spent much of its time and resources battling evangelical Protestants.
The transcendentalist writer Ralph Waldo Emerson
a. believed American thinkers should be allied with European intellectuals.
b. asserted that through nature, individuals could find personal fulfillment.
c. was a leading critic of the American political system.
d. asserted that organized religion served no useful purpose in society.
e. remained a deeply religious clergyman throughout his life.
Which of the following statements regarding urban slavery is FALSE?
a. Some urban slaves were skilled trade workers.
b. Urban slaves were prohibited from having contact with free blacks.
c. Urban slaves were less supervised than rural slaves.
d. Urban slaves in the South had little working competition from European immigrants.
e. The line between slavery and freedom in cities was less distinct.
The central ideology of slavery, and the vital instrument of white control, was
To “manumit” means to
c. work by hand.
e. set free.
Although the Supreme Court found in favor of the Cherokee tribes in Cherokee Nation v. Georgia and Worcester v. Georgia, President Jackson decided
a. that Georgia could remove the Cherokee tribes if it served the “public good.”
b. the Cherokee had no right to file a legal claim in U.S. courts.
c. the entire process of the removal of the Indians was unconstitutional.
d. that the Cherokee tribes could only be removed if they were properly compensated.
e. the Court could not enforce the order.
The Daniel Webster–Robert Hayne debate of 1830 was begun by a political dispute over
a. the value of the two-party system.
b. the sale of public land.
d. trade with England.
e. relations with Indian tribes.
a. praised President Jackson as “King Andrew I.”
b. faced little political opposition by the mid-1830s.
c. were strongest among the more substantial merchants and manufacturers of the Northeast.
d. praised President Jackson as “King Andrew I,” were strongest among the more substantial merchants and manufacturers of the Northeast, and faced little political opposition by the mid-1830s.
e. None of these answers is .
According to Andrew Jackson’s theory of democracy,
a. there should be one national political party.
b. all white male citizens should be treated equally.
c. all white Americans should eventually be given the vote.
d. slavery should not extend into the West.
e. the South and West deserved special privileges as growing areas
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- Submitted On 13 Jul, 2018 05:03:46