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USHIST101 Graded Exam 2
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Question 1

In the final phase (1778–1781) of the American Revolution, the British

Select one:

a. mounted their largest military assault against the Continental army.

b. badly overestimated the support of American Loyalists.

c. made a focused effort to win public support in the northern colonies.

d. concentrated their efforts on capturing individual Patriots.

e. began a policy of“total war” that resulted in several cities being burned to the ground.

Question 2

In 1776, Abigail Adams was an advocate for

Select one:

a. full gender equality in the new post-war nation.

b. a woman’s right to vote.

c. new protections for women against abusive and tyrannical men.

d. support for impoverished war widows.

e. temperance.

Question 3

The British military campaigns of 1777 saw

Select one:

a. General William Howe stay in camp when he was supposed to have moved south.

b. General John Burgoyne suffer a major defeat at Saratoga.

c. a major American victory at Philadelphia.

d. the British surround and lay siege to George Washington’s army at Valley Forge.

e. the British retake Boston and set it afire.

Question 4

In the Battle of Bunker Hill,

Select one:

a. the Patriots suffered light casualties and won the battle.

b. the British suffered heavy casualties.

c. Benedict Arnold was wounded.

d. the British surrendered their main forces to the Patriots.

e. the Patriots refused to withdraw and were all killed.

Question 5

The Articles of Confederation were finally approved when states gave up their

Select one:

a. power to regulate trade.

b. power to make war.

c. claims to western lands.

d. right to levy their own taxes.

e. plans for emancipation.

Question 6

Who did the Congress send to London as a minister in 1784 to resolve the differences between the Confederation and the British regarding the peace treaty of 1783?

Select one:

a. Benjamin Franklin

b. James Madison

c. John Jay

d. John Adams

e. George Washington

Question 7

The Ordinances of 1784 and 1785 represented an attempt to

Select one:

a. eliminate slavery in the western states.

b. compromise on the question of slavery expanding into the territories.

c. enhance the power of the central government.

d. gain redress from the English at the expense of Native Americans.

e. provide for the admission of new states into the union.

Question 8

Under the Articles of Confederation in 1777 there was a federal

Select one:

a. Congress.

b. judiciary.

c. executive.

d. bureaucracy.

e. All these answers are .

Question 9

Nine of the first ten amendments to the Constitution placed limits on the

Select one:

a. states.

b. new government.

c. rights of individuals.

d. courts.

e. presidential cabinet.

Question 10

In the first national elections in 1789,

Select one:

a. all the presidential electors cast their votes for George Washington.

b. Thomas Jefferson was chosen to be vice president.

c. the presidential inauguration was held in Philadelphia.

d. John Adams campaigned against George Washington.

e. Antifederalists won a convincing majority in the Senate.

Question 11

According to the Judiciary Act of 1789, the Supreme Court was to be

Select one:

a. composed of nine members.

b. the judicial power for interpreting the constitutionality of state laws.

c. directly elected by the people.

d. both composed of nine members and the judicial power for interpreting the constitutionality of state laws.

e. both composed of nine members and directly elected by the people.

Question 12

The achievement of the “Great Compromise” of the Constitutional Convention of 1787 was its resolution of the problem regarding

Select one:

a. women and voting.

b. the definition of citizenship.

c. political representation.

d. states versus federal authority.

e. expansion of slavery into the territories.

Question 13

As president, George Washington

Select one:

a. had never envisioned a strong central government.

b. considered it his duty to resolve political controversies.

c. sought to dominate national politics.

d. grew concerned that the federal government was gaining too much power.

e. avoided personal involvement with the deliberations of Congress.

Question 14

Which group opposed Alexander Hamilton’s economic program on the grounds that they would bear a disproportionate tax burden?

Select one:

a. creditors.

b. manufacturers.

c. the urban wealthy.

d. Federalists.

e. small farmers.

Question 15

The Alien and Sedition Acts (1798)

Select one:

a. gave the federal government effective authority to stifle any public criticism.

b. were aggressively used by the Adams administration to suppress public criticism.

c. were declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.

d. gave the federal government effective authority to stifle any public criticism, and were aggressively used by the Adams administration to that effect.

e. were aggressively used by the Adams administration to suppress public criticism until they were declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.

Question 16

The two preeminent Republicans of the 1790s were

Select one:

a. Alexander Hamilton and James Monroe.

b. John Adams and James Madison.

c. John Adams and Thomas Jefferson.

d. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison.

e. Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr.

Question 17

In the late 1790s, on the political scene,

Select one:

a. the United States was deeply and bitterly divided.

b. the republican form of government had won over most skeptics.

c. the power of the Republicans was declining.

d. the United States had developed a clear two-party system.

e. there was considerable agreement over most important foreign policy questions.

Question 18

In the 1790s, those who were labeled Republicans envisioned developing a nation that would

Select one:

a. be highly commercial and urban.

b. be largely agricultural and rural.

c. be a leading world power.

d. eventually control most of North America.

e. eventually grant political rights to women and minorities as well as white men.

Question 19

During the 1790s, regional support in the United States for Federalists was greatest in the

Select one:

a. rural Deep South.

b. rural Far West.

c. Northeast.

d. Southwest.

e. mid-Atlantic region.

Question 20

The Second Great Awakening

Select one:

a. rejected the idea of the Trinity.

b. was consistent with the ideas of the Enlightenment.

c. helped promote universalism and unitarianism.

d. was confined to New England.

e. began as an effort by church establishments to revitalize their organizations.

Question 21

Religious skepticism resulted in

Select one:

a. the decline of universalism.

b. a growth of commitment to organized churches and denominations.

c. both the philosophy of “unitarianism” and a wave of revivalism.

d. the disestablishment of the Anglican Church.

e. no discernible effect on American religious life.

Question 22

The message of the Second Great Awakening

Select one:

a. called for an active and fervent piety.

b. restored the traditional belief in predestination.

c. incorporated the belief of skeptical rationalism.

d. found its greatest number of converts among young men.

e. was rejected by most women as being retrograde and reactionary.

Question 23

As president, Thomas Jefferson

Select one:

a. sought to convey the public image of a plain, ordinary citizen.

b. believed in a passive presidency.

c. gave the White House its name.

d. tended to keep talented Federalists in office despite objections from Republicans.

e. only served one term.

Question 24

In 1802, what spurred President Jefferson to seek the building of a river fleet and to give the impression that the United States might ally with Great Britain?

Select one:

a. a growing incidence of Indian attacks on western settlers

b. a Spanish attempt to readjust the northern border of its Florida colony

c. the arrival of a French invasion fleet near New York

d. a new French regulation restricting the use of the port of New Orleans by American ships

e. the capture of the island of Santo Domingo by a black revolutionary force

Question 25

The Non-Intercourse Act reopened American trade with

Select one:

a. Great Britain.

b. France.

c. both Great Britain and France.

d. all nations except Great Britain and France.

e. all nations.

Question 26

During his first term, President Thomas Jefferson

Select one:

a. sought to create a tax on personal income.

b. restricted the sale of government lands to western settlers.

c. saw a doubling of the national debt.

d. eliminated all internal taxes.

e. drastically increased government spending.

Question 27

During the War of 1812, the Battle of the Thames

Select one:

a. saw Tecumseh killed while serving as a brigadier general in the British army.

b. led to the long American occupation of Canada.

c. strengthened the resolve of the Indians in the Northwest.

d. saw British forces come from Canada to attack Detroit.

e. saw a surprise American attack in the heart of London.

Question 28

The Rush-Bagot agreement of 1817 called for

Select one:

a. the joint occupation of Oregon by France and the United States.

b. the mutual disarmament of the Great Lakes by Britain and the United States.

c. France to pull out of the fur trade in the Great Lakes region.

d. a general trade agreement between the United States and France.

e. Spain to give up its claim to Florida, in exchange for navigation rights on the Mississippi.

Question 29

In the War of 1812, Britain turned its full military attention to America after

Select one:

a. Napoleon’s defeat at Waterloo.

b. Napoleon’s incarceration at Elba.

c. Napoleon’s catastrophic campaign against Russia.

d. the American invasion of Canada.

e. the American raid and burning of York.

Question 30

In 1812, Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun could best be described as

Select one:

a. Jeffersonians.

b. pacifists.

c. secessionists.

d. Federalists.

e. war hawks.

Question 31

By 1818, the United States' internal road system  

Select one:

a. had been paid for without any federal funds.

b. consisted only of a small number of private turnpikes.

c. included a National Road that reached as far as the Ohio River.

d. formed a network that connected most large towns and cities.

e. had for the most part been replaced by railroads.

Question 32

Between 1800 and 1820, the population of the United States

Select one:

a. nearly doubled.

b. reached five million.

c. saw its largest increases in southern states.

d. generally ignored the rocky soil of the Old Northwest.

e. All these answers are .

Question 33

The Panic of 1819 resulted in a depression that lasted

Select one:

a. six months.

b. one year.

c. two years.

d. four years.

e. six years.

Question 34

Francis Cabot Lowell’s contribution to American textile mills included

Select one:

a. the invention of the cotton spindle.

b. improving the power loom.

c. dramatically expanding the textile industry in the South.

d. improving the cotton gin.

e. organizing his workers by task into a primitive assembly line.

Question 35

During the presidential campaign of 1828,

Select one:

a. Republicans were able to effectively unite.

b. President Adams was accused of adultery.

c. Andrew Jackson was labeled a murderer.

d. the major election issue was the Bank of the United States.

e. John Quincy Adams gave a strong showing in the South.

Question 36

In the presidential election of 1824,

Select one:

a. Andrew Jackson received the most electoral votes and became president.

b. John Q. Adams received the second-most electoral votes and was elected president by the House of Representatives.

c. Henry Clay received the fourth-most electoral votes and was elected president by the House of Representatives.

d. William Crawford received the most electoral votes, but he died before a president was chosen.

e. None of these answers is .

Question 37

The presidential administration of John Quincy Adams was

Select one:

a. plagued by financial corruption.

b. noted for its inability to carry out its policies effectively.

c. widely popular in the South for its tariff policies.

d. successful in domestic policies, but had little success in foreign policies.

e. deeply antagonistic to the ideas behind Clay’s “American System.”

Question 38

In the early nineteenth century, the explorer Stephen H.Long

Select one:

a. agreed with the findings and conclusions of Zebulon Pike.

b. labeled the Great Plains the “American breadbasket.”

c. was one of the most colorful of the “mountain men.”

d. discovered the source of the Red River.

e. inadvertently brought the United States to the brink of war with Mexico.

Question 39

In the early nineteenth century, “mountain men”

Select one:

a. were mostly older settlers of an earlier era.

b. had little impact on the character of Far West society.

c. were the dominant segment of the population in the Far West.

d. frequently warred against Indian and Mexican peoples.

e. very often became intimately involved with Indian and Mexican women.

Question 40

The writing of the Monroe Doctrine

Select one:

a. had an immediate and dramatic effect on American policy.

b. was primarily based on the earlier writings of Thomas Jefferson.

c. was motivated by American interests in Hawaii.

d. deeply angered the European powers.

e. was an important example of American nationalism.

 

 

 

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USHIST101 Graded Exam 2
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Question Question 1 In the final phase (1778–1781) of the American Revolution, the British Select one: a. mounted their largest military assault against the Continental army. b. badly overestimated the support of American Loyalists. c. made a focused effort to win public support in the northern colonies. d. concentrated their efforts on capturing individual Patriots. e. began a policy of“total war” that resulted in several cities being burned to the ground. Question 2 In 1776, Abigail Adams was an advocate for Select one: a. full gender equality in the new post-war nation. b. a woman’s right to vote. c. new protections for women against abusive and tyrannical men. d. support for impoverished war widows. e. temperance. Question 3 The British military campaigns of 1777 saw Select one: a. General William Howe stay in camp when he was supposed to have moved south. b. General John Burgoyne suffer a major defeat at Saratoga. c. a major American victory at Philadelphia. d. the British surround and lay siege to George Washington’s army at Valley Forge. e. the British retake Boston and set it afire. Question 4 In the Battle of Bunker Hill, Select one: a. the Patriots suffered light casualties and won the battle. b. the British suffered heavy casualties. c. Benedict Arnold was wounded. d. the British surrendered their main forces to the Patriots. e. the Patriots refused to withdraw and were all killed. Question 5 The Articles of Confederation were finally approved when states gave up their Select one: a. power to regulate trade. b. power to make war. c. claims to western lands. d. right to levy their own taxes. e. plans for emancipation. Question 6 Who did the Congress send to London as a minister in 1784 to resolve the differences between the Confederation and the British regarding the peace treaty of 1783? Select one: a. Benjamin Franklin b. James Madison c. John Jay d. John Adams e. George Washington Question 7 The Ordinances of 1784 and 1785 represented an attempt to Select one: a. eliminate slavery in the western states. b. compromise on the question of slavery expanding into the territories. c. enhance the power of the central government. d. gain redress from the English at the expense of Native Americans. e. provide for the admission of new states into the union. Question 8 Under the Articles of Confederation in 1777 there was a federal Select one: a. Congress. b. judiciary. c. executive. d. bureaucracy. e. All these answers are . Question 9 Nine of the first ten amendments to the Constitution placed limits on the Select one: a. states. b. new government. c. rights of individuals. d. courts. e. presidential cabinet. Question 10 In the first national elections in 1789, Select one: a. all the presidential electors cast their votes for George Washington. b. Thomas Jefferson was chosen to be vice president. c. the presidential inauguration was held in Philadelphia. d. John Adams campaigned against George Washington. e. Antifederalists won a convincing majority in the Senate. Question 11 According to the Judiciary Act of 1789, the Supreme Court was to be Select one: a. composed of nine members. b. the judicial power for interpreting the constitutionality of state laws. c. directly elected by the people. d. both composed of nine m...
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