The latent stage of syphilis, which may last for years, can occur ________.
Between the secondary and tertiary stages
Between the primary and secondary stages
Between the initial and primary stages
At any stage of the disease
Toxoplasmosis is caused by the organism Toxoplasma gondii, which is a
Which of the following stains is generally used for the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB)?
Acid fast stain
All of the following are general metabolic or structural targets for antimicrobial drugs except
Carbohydrate synthesis inhibition
Protein synthesis inhibition
Interference with nucleic acid synthesis
Interference with cell wall synthesis
The destruction of all microorganisms and their endospores is referred to as
Bacterial endotoxins are
Proteins in the cell wall
Secreted into the environment
Components of the gram-positive cell wall
Components of the gram-negative cell wall
Health care-associated infections are also known as
All of the following areas of the human body contain normal flora except
Which of the following organisms is the causative agent for gonorrhea?
A relationship between organisms in which the waste product of one provides nutrients for another is called
The degree or extent of disease-evoking power that a microorganism has is referred to as
Strep throat is caused by which of the following organisms?
Infections that may result from the use of catheters are classified as
Complex communities of microorganisms on surfaces are called
Animals that are capable of transmitting infectious disease are called
Which of the following sites of the human body does not have a normal flora?
The most common cause of infectious diarrhea in infants and children is
Which of the following is the causative agent for fungal meningitis, mostly in immune compromised patients?
Which of the following infectious diseases is considered to be a reemerging disease?
West Nile virus
Botulism is a disease caused by the production of a potent neurotoxin by bacteria of the genus
Which of the following organelles contain oxidative enzymes capable of oxidizing toxic substances?
Legionella, Thiobacillus and Burkholderia are examples of
Facultative anaerobic gram-negative rods
Gram-negative aerobic rods
Anaerobic gram-negative cocci
The toxic condition caused by the multiplication of bacteria in the blood is referred to as
Malaria is caused by a
Whooping cough is caused by
The virulence factors of bacteria include
Size, adhesion, resistance, mutation
toxins, exoenzymes, adhesion
Toxins, evasion of body defenses, motility, size
Colonization, chemotaxis, fermentation, toxins
A complication of influenza that can occur in children and adolescents is a condition known as
The causative agent for Lyme disease is a
The group of organisms that includes yeasts and molds are known as _______
Beadlike chains of cocci formed after cell division along a single axis are called
Diagnosis of a UTI is a two-stage process that involves:
collecting a urine sample and testing for antibiotic susceptibility of the organism
exploratory surgery and radiation therapy
collecting a blood sample and conducting a physical examination of the bladder
modifying the diet of the patient and conducting a physical examination of the urethra
The agent causing West Nile encephalitis belongs to which of the following?
Which of the following viruses is the most widespread in the human population?
The three types of hepatitis virus that can be transmitted through sexual activity are
A, B, and C
B, C, and D
A, B, and D
A, C, and D
Which of the following is NOT a common characteristic used in the selection of an antimicrobial drug?
Ease of delivery to the site of infection
Ability to administer intravenously
Potential for allergic reaction
Which of the following is not considered to be a vehicle transmission?
The term bacteriostatic means that bacteria
Are killed by the antimicrobial drug
Show continuous growth
No longer can multiply
No longer cause disease
Which of the following is likely to be the most frequently used portal of entry for pathogens?
The only currently known STI that is transmitted by a protozoan is
An inanimate object or substance capable of transporting pathogens from one medium or individual to another is referred to as a
Which of the following cannot be and should not be treated with antibiotics?
Rod-shaped bacteria, some of which are endospore forming, are referred to as
The fungi most commonly associated with reproductive system infections are
Aspergillus, Tinea-related species, Candida albicans
Candida species, Rhizopus, and Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Stachybotrys, Aspergillus niger, Microsporum species
Candida albicans, Tinea-related species, Epidermophyton floccosum
Giardiasis is a waterborne gastrointestinal disease caused by Giardia intestinalis, which is a(n)
Meningococcal meningitis is caused by
CDC stands for
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Children's Disease Center
Central Disaster Control Center
Central Drug Evaluation and Control Center
All of the following are nitrogen-fixing bacteria except
Tuberculosis is caused by an organism of the genus
Vaginal infections that are resulting from an overgrowth of normal flora are called
Staphylococci and streptococci are best classified in the group of
Gram-negative aerobic rods and cocci
Anaerobic gram-negative cocci
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- Submitted On 23 Jun, 2018 03:16:12