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UHV CRIJ3317 Exam 2 Spring 2018 (A++++ Answer)
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Question

Question 1

Muslims believe Mohammed created the perfect Islamic community at _____.

Answers:

Medina

Mecca

Badr

Jerusalem

Question 2

The National Organization of Cypriot Fighters ( EOKA) was focused on ____.

Answers:

Cypriot independence

Partitioning Cypress into Greek and Turk populations

Maintenance of Cypress under British rule

Maintenance of Cypress under Turkish rule

Question 3

In 2004, New Scientist reported that Middle Eastern terrorist groups were working on a two-stage military-style weapon called a ______.

Answers:

IED

Mininuke

Drone

Dirty bomb

Question 4

The first decade of the twenty-first century brought seemingly peaceful solutions to three violent separatist movements: the renewed troubles in Ireland resulting from civil disturbances in 1969, the ETA's campaign for Basque autonomy, and a long campaign of savage guerilla warfare and terrorism among two ethnic groups on the island nation of Sri Lanka. All of the conflicts appeared to end.

The apparent end to the three noted violent separatist movements were achieved primarily in the form of a _________ solution.

Answers:

Military

Educational

Economic

Political

Question 5

Terrorism by WMD presents a potential strategic and include biological agents, or biological weapons, which have been used for centuries. Modern arsenals contain bacterial weapons and viral weapons, with microbes cultured and refined, or weaponized, to increase their ability to kill. Because bacterial agents are susceptible to antibiotics, nations with bacterial weapons programs have created strains of bacterial microbes resistant to such drugs.Viral agents are produced in the same manner, and they are usually more powerful than bacterial agents. Biological agents are difficult to control but relatively easy to produce. Terrorists may find them to be effective weapons.

There are four types of biological agents: (1) natural poisons, or toxins that occur without human modification, (2) viruses, (3) bacteria, and (4) plagues. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classifies the most threatening from the groups as smallpox, anthrax, plague, botulism, tularemia, and hemorrhagic fever.

Hemorrhagic fever is classified under which category?

Answers:

Toxin

Virus

Bacteria

Plague

Question 6

_____ was a French Captain who fought in Algeria in 1956-1958.

Answers:

David Galula

Charles Taylor

Nicolas Sarkozy

Dov Lynch

Question 7

The Balfour Declaration of November 1917 promised to create the state of _____.

Answers:

Palestine

Persia

Israel

Iran

Question 8

The Black and Tan War is associated with which organization?

Answers:

The IRA

The LTTE

The PKK

The ETA

Question 9

Which of the following is NOT a pillar of Islamic faith?

Answers:

Ritual prayers with the community

Giving alms

Tithing

Fasting, especially during holy periods

Question 10

In October 2002, about 50 Chechen rebels took over a ______ in Moscow.

Answers:

Police station

Post office

School

Theatre

Question 11

The Basque region incorporates land regions in both Spain and ______.

Answers:

Portugal

Monaco

France

Algeria

Question 12

The National Conference of State Legislature defines ________ as, "the use of information technology by terrorists to promote a political agenda."

Answers:

Narco-terrorism

Cyber-terrorism

Domestic terrorism

Transnational terrorism

Question 13

The United Kingdom and Germany began vying for imperial control of East Africa in the late nineteenth century with Britain gradually pushing the Germans out and solidifying control after World War I. After establishing British rule in Kenya, the colonial government gave Kenya's agricultural areas to European farmers displacing tribes from the ancestral lands. One tribe, the Kikuyu, was forced to resettle deep in western Kenya in an area that threatened its ability to support all of the families in the tribe. British commissions recommended the expansion of Kikuyu land in the 1930s and 1940s, but the expansion was far less than the land given to white settlers. Around 1950, rumors reached the government in Nairobi indicating that there was some type of violent movement taking place in the Kikuyu tribal area.The movement, according to the rumors, was called Mau Mau.

Imperial powers sought to control regions of Africa for what primary reason?

Answers:

Access to mineral and energy resources

Access to shipping routes

Military advantage

Political advantage

Question 14

The outcome of the EOKA's struggle with the British in Cyprus most closely resembled the outcome of which conflict?

Answers:

The IRA and British parliament

The Chinese and the Uighars

Sikh separatism in India

Chechnya and Russia

Question 15

Separatist violence differs from ideological and religious terrorism. Violence plays a special role in ethnic terrorism. Whereas political terrorists use violence in a symbolic manner and religious extremists use it to make a theological statement, violence is the raison d'être of ethnic terrorism. It keeps an idea alive. Some data even suggest that separatist terrorism is the most violent form of terrorism in the modern world (Masters, 2008). As long as a bomb goes off or a police officer is murdered, the identity and existence of ethnic differences cannot be denied. Violence sustains the conflict, even when political objectives are far out of reach. The fear created by violence serves ethnic interests. Violence also serves to undermine moderates who seek peaceful solutions; yet, peaceful negotiated settlements have proved to be the most effective method for ending ethnic and nationalistic terrorism.

Which of the following would be the least likely target of an ethnic terrorist group?

Answers:

Foreign national

Sympathetic student

Politician

Police officer

Question 16

Which of the following would be the least desirable target of an ethnic terrorist group?

Answers:

Government office

Residences of supporters

School

Charitable organization

Question 17

In 1949, Xinjiang province was ______Uighar, but it may be less than fifty percent today.

Answers:

100%

90 %

10%

50%

Question 18

According to the text, the _____ have conducted more suicide bombings than any other group.

Answers:

Buddhist Sinhalese

Sunni Kurds

LTTE Black Tigers

Hezbollah

Question 19

____ refers to the political party of republicanism.

Answers:

Sinn Féin

Conservatives

Capitalists

Parliamentary

Question 20

_____ enter the body through ingestion, respiration, or contact.

Answers:

Blood agents

Blistering agents

Nerve agents

Choking agents

Question 21

The Al Qaeda Manual cites _____ as a source of inspiration.

Answers:

Sayyid Qutb

Abdul Wahhab

Ayman al Zawahiri

Mawlana Mawdudi

Question 22

Nerve agents, blood agents, choking agents, and blistering agents are all examples of ______agents.

Answers:

Bacterial

Chemical

Viral

Radiological

Question 23

The failure of the _____ in Northern Ireland can be directly linked to modern Irish terrorism and the rebirth of the IRA.

Answers:

Civil rights movement

Women's movement

Protestant Reformation

British rule

Question 24

Algeria achieved independence from ______in 1962.

Answers:

Great Britain

France

Germany

The Soviet Union

Question 25

The Mau Mau movement is based in which of the following countries?

Answers:

Kenya

Somalia

Uganda

Rwanda

Question 26

The political party of the IRA was known as ________.

Answers:

The Provisionals

Sinn Fein

The Apprentice Boys

The Unionists

Question 27

The Muslims who followed Mohammed agreed on many aspects of the new faith. God's revelation to Mohammed was critical. The angelic utterances received by Mohammed were eventually codified in a single book, the Quran. The things Mohammed had said and done were recorded, and his actions became the basis for interpreting the Quran. All Muslims came to believe that it was necessary to confess the existence of one God and Mohammed as God's Prophet. They were also expected to pray as a community, to give to the poor, to fast during holy times, and to make a pilgrimage to Mecca when able to do so. Problems came, however, in the question of leadership. According to Arabic tradition, Mohammed's male heir should lead the community, but Mohammed claimed to have revealed a new law that said the importance of the community would take precedence over tribal rules of inheritance. One group of people believed the community should select its own leaders, but another group believed that Mohammed had designated Ali, his cousOAjÎ|áþC Ëin and son-in-law, as the Muslim leader. The proponents of community selection carried the day, but Ali's followers came to believe that God had given a special inspiration to Mohammed's family.

The angelic utterances referred to above came from the angel, _____________.

Answers:

Gabriel (Jabril)

Raphael (Israfil)

Michael (Mikail)

Azreal (Malak al-maut)

Question 28

In 1972 British paratroopers opened fire on Catholic protesters in Londonderry - a day that has come to be known as _______.

Answers:

Black September

Bloody Sunday

Red October

Orange and Green Day

Question 29

The reserve force of the royal Ulster constabulary (RUC) was known as ______.

Answers:

The Sein Fenn

B-specials

The Provisionals

The Irish Brotherhood

Question 30

The major factor in deciding to employ suicide terrorists is the ______ of the group.

Answers:

The social structure and culture

Religion

Rational choice

Economic strength

Question 31

In 1922 Great Britain received permission from _____to create the Mandate of Palestine.

Answers:

The League of Nations

The United Nations

The European Council

The Shah of Iran

Question 32

Geographically, ancient Persia occupied the area known as _______.

Answers:

Iran

Syria

Egypt

Turkey

Question 33

On August 15, 1969 fighting in Ireland was focused in which two cities?

Answers:

Belfast and Londonderry

Belfast and Limerick

Londonderry and Dublin

Belfast and Dublin

Question 34

Rohan Gunaratna sees three things that all suicide bombings have in common:

Answers:

Secrecy, reconnaissance, and rehearsal

Secrecy, religion, and political agendas

Political agendas, chance of success, and secrecy

Secrecy, rehearsal, and chance of success

Question 35

Muslim states suffer more _____ than Western states.

Answers:

Bombing attacks

Kidnappings

Suicide attacks

Biological attacks

Question 36

In 2003, Al Qaeda began targeting oil facilities in what country?

Answers:

Iran

Saudi Arabia

Iraq

Kuwait

Question 37

At the end of __________, the entire Middle East was controlled by the British, French, and Russians.

Answers:

WWII

WWI

The Six Days Way

The 100 Years War

Question 38

The Mau Mau movement originated in ______.

Answers:

France

Spain

Chad

Kenya

Question 39

Turkey has lost 40,000 people to _____ since 1980.

Answers:

Famine

Terrorism

Emigration

Floods

Question 40

Faced with anti-colonial revolts after World War II, _____ created a special military unit known as the African Cell.

Answers:

England

Spain

Germany

France

Question 41

The British established the Anglo-Persian Oil Company in 1909 and started taking oil profits out of ____.

Answers:

Saudi Arabia

Iraq

Iran

Turkey

Question 42

What is the name given a technological program that typically copies itself and moves through a computer system in order to disrupt a computer or computer network?

Answers:

Cyber worm

Computer virus

Cyber bomb

Logic bomb

Question 43

The EOKA used an urban strategy using a small amount of terrorists to fight 40,000 British soldiers. Their efforts brought international attention to Cyprus and aroused international support for independence. The struggle ended with a negotiated settlement. Like the EOKA, the FLN focused on urban areas and used terrorism to attract international publicity. Unlike the situation in Cyprus, most French people believed northern Algeria to be a part of France, and they saw the separatist movement as an internal rebellion. As a result, both the FLN and French security forces employed terrorism against each other. The Mau Mau movement in Kenya represents another postwar colonial revolt, but it differed from urban terrorism in Cyprus and Algeria. It was a rural resistance movement from a tribe displaced by colonial agricultural policies. Mau Mau fighters were defeated by repression, but Kenya achieved independence when the British public rejected inhumane measures.

The struggles noted in the aforementioned scenario all have major foundations in ____?

Answers:

Anti-imperialism

Religious zealotry

Jihadism

Economics

Question 44

Which of the following tactics is most often employed by terrorists?

Answers:

The bomb

Kidnapping

Hijacking

Arson

Question 45

The Spanish Civil War occurred in what decade?

Answers:

1930s

1850s

1950s

1970s

Question 46

The 1916 Easter Rising is associated with what group?

Answers:

IRA

ETA

LTTE

GAL

Question 47

The Zionist movement took place at the same time the Ottoman Empire was breaking up, and this created opportunities for several groups interested in the region. For Arabs in general it signaled the possible recreation of the Arab empire shortly after the death of Mohammed. Palestinian Arabs, much more modest in their political views, sought to join with Syria to form a new country. Many Palestinians welcomed the Zionists, thinking that Jews would assist them in the formation of a new country. The Zionists held no such belief: the Jews had no intention of becoming part of Syria. Nasr (1997, pp.6-7) argues that the Palestinian Arabs represented a cohesive mixture of Muslims and Christians and that they were leery of Jewish settlements.Regardless, Palestinians sold land to the Zionists, who linked their holdings with the ultimate purpose of creating a Jewish state.

Both the Zionists and the Arabs in the Palestine region harbored anti-imperial sentiment against which nation which controlled the area?

Answers:

Britain

America

France

Russia

Question 48

The _____ in eastern Turkey conducted the least deadly attacks in the course of modern suicide bombing, killing an average of two people per incident.

Answers:

Black Tigers

Kurdistan Workers Party

Tamil Hindus

Russian Orthodox Christians

Question 49

Emphasizing _____, or the oneness of God, ibn Taymiyyah attacked anything that threatened to come between humanity and God.

Answers:

Rishidun

Tawhid

Islam

Jahaliyya

Question 50

After _____, the British began to view Iran as the northern gate to India.

Answers:

1800

1900

1850

1950

 

 

 

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$ 35.00
UHV CRIJ3317 Exam 2 Spring 2018 (A++++ Answer)
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Question Question 1 Muslims believe Mohammed created the perfect Islamic community at _____. Answers: Medina Mecca Badr Jerusalem Question 2 The National Organization of Cypriot Fighters ( EOKA) was focused on ____. Answers: Cypriot independence Partitioning Cypress into Greek and Turk populations Maintenance of Cypress under British rule Maintenance of Cypress under Turkish rule Question 3 In 2004, New Scientist reported that Middle Eastern terrorist groups were working on a two-stage military-style weapon called a ______. Answers: IED Mininuke Drone Dirty bomb Question 4 The first decade of the twenty-first century brought seemingly peaceful solutions to three violent separatist movements: the renewed troubles in Ireland resulting from civil disturbances in 1969, the ETA's campaign for Basque autonomy, and a long campaign of savage guerilla warfare and terrorism among two ethnic groups on the island nation of Sri Lanka. All of the conflicts appeared to end. The apparent end to the three noted violent separatist movements were achieved primarily in the form of a _________ solution. Answers: Military Educational Economic Political Question 5 Terrorism by WMD presents a potential strategic and include biological agents, or biological weapons, which have been used for centuries. Modern arsenals contain bacterial weapons and viral weapons, with microbes cultured and refined, or weaponized, to increase their ability to kill. Because bacterial agents are susceptible to antibiotics, nations with bacterial weapons programs have created strains of bacterial microbes resistant to such drugs.Viral agents are produced in the same manner, and they are usually more powerful than bacterial agents. Biological agents are difficult to control but relatively easy to produce. Terrorists may find them to be effective weapons. There are four types of biological agents: (1) natural poisons, or toxins that occur without human modification, (2) viruses, (3) bacteria, and (4) plagues. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classifies the most threatening from the groups as smallpox, anthrax, plague, botulism, tularemia, and hemorrhagic fever. Hemorrhagic fever is classified under which category? Answers: Toxin Virus Bacteria Plague Question 6 _____ was a French Captain who fought in Algeria in 1956-1958. Answers: David Galula Charles Taylor Nicolas Sarkozy Dov Lynch Question 7 The Balfour Declaration of November 1917 promised to create the state of _____. Answers: Palestine Persia Israel Iran Question 8 The Black and Tan War is associated with which organization? Answers: The IRA The LTTE The PKK The ETA Question 9 Which of the following is NOT a pillar of Islamic faith? Answers: Ritual prayers with the community Giving alms Tithing Fasting, especially during holy periods Question 10 In October 2002, about 50 Chechen rebels took over a ______ in Moscow. Answers: Police station Post office School Theatre Question 11 The Basque region incorporates land regions in both Spain and ______. Answers: Portugal Monaco France Algeria Question 12 The National Conference of State Legislature defines ________ as, "the use of information technology by terrorists to promote a political agenda." Answers: Narco-terrorism Cyber-terrorism Domestic terrorism Transnational terrorism Question 13 The United Kingdom and Germany began vying for imperial control of East Africa in the late nineteenth century with Britain gradually pushing the Germans out and solidifying control after World War I. After establishing British rule in Kenya, the colo...
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