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QNT 275 Week 1 UNIT 1 QUIZ - Which of the following would be a more credible
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QNT 275 Week 1 UNIT 1 QUIZ

Question 1

Which of the following would be a more credible presentation of the results?


a. A results section that criticizes its own findings by bringing up contrary findings in the existing literature.
b. A results section that presents its own case clearly, formally, and with appropriate citations.

Question 2

To judge the credibility of published research articles, a graduate learner should consider which of the following items? (Check all that apply.)


a. Whether the components of the research article (e.g., abstract, introduction, literature review, etc.) are present.
b. The clarity and consistency of the introduction to the article.
c. Whether the author has a doctoral degree.
d. Whether the methods used were appropriate to Feedback the research question.
e. Whether the article used proper APA format and style

Question 3

In evaluating the methods section of an article, which of the following is important to review? (Check all that apply.)


a. Are the methods acceptable to Capella University?
b. Is the research design suitable to Feedback the research question?
c. Are the instruments used to collect the data either copyrighted or trademarked?
d. Were the participants recruited properly and is the sample appropriately representative of the larger population?

Question 4

A graduate learner conducted a dissertation study in which participants were instructed to lift a series of increasingly heavy weights, and to stop when they felt they could not lift any more. All the risks–e.g., muscle soreness after participating–were explained during the consenting process. Which of the following items, found in the research article reporting her results, would alert a reviewer to a possible ethical violation?


a. The participants signed informed consent documents, which were then saved by the researcher in a bank safety deposit box.
b. One of the participants strained his back muscles.
c. The researcher left the participants' contact information on the data sheets given to an undergraduate assistant for data entry.
d. Two of the participants withdrew from the study mid-way through for "personal reasons."

Question 5

An abstract should contain which of the following information?


a. The background issues explaining the context of the research study.
b. Reasons the author chose the topic of the study.
c. A brief, comprehensive summary of the contents of the article.
d. All of the above.

Question 6

In evaluating the research findings, the key evaluative standard is the quality of the evidence supporting the conclusions of the study. That evidence can be found in which of the following? (Check all that apply.)


a. The author's informed hypothesis about the Feedback to the research question.
b. The results themselves, derived from the data collected.
c. The author's conclusions, provided that they are clearly based in the results.

Question 7

How is a refereed article different from a peer-reviewed article?


a. The refereed article receives a numerical score, peer-reviewed does not.
b. The peer-reviewed article is read by PhDs in the writer's field, refereed articles can be reviewed by any professional in the field.
c. The refereed article must follow rules of formatting and style.
d. There is no difference between refereed and peer-reviewed articles.

Question 8

Is it necessary to define the research question for the study in precise and careful terms, or may it be inferred from the background introduction?


a. It may be inferred from the background information, provided that that section is clearly and consistently written.
b. The research question should be stated clearly, concisely, and in unmistakable terms.

Question 9

What does confirmation bias mean? (Check all that apply.)


a. There can be a tendency to find in the results confirmation of one's biases, whether or not the data actually support such confirmation.
b. Some researchers unconsciously want their results to turn out as expected.
c. Participants in research studies often respond as much or more to the fact that the researcher pays attention to them as to the actual conditions of the study.
d. All of the above.

Question 10

At Capella University, the main research designs are described as:


a. Experimental, quasi-experimental, and ex post-facto (sometimes called "causal comparative").
b. Experimental, non-experimental, and pre-experimental (sometimes called "correlational").
c. Experimental, quasi-experimental, and non-experimental.
d. None of the above.

Question 11

Which of the following is a peer-reviewed article?


a. An article in the newsletter of a professional association.
b. An article that has been read and edited by a professional editor.
c. An article that one's professional colleagues have read and commented on.
d. An article that has gone through a formal process of review by a journal editor and a group of specialist reviewers.

Question 12

When a learner evaluates the methods section of an article, which of the following should be included?


a. The statement of the methodology and the sampling methods.
b. The data collection methods are the key element to review.
c. The methodology, the specific design, the sampling methods, the data collection methods, and the data analysis methods.
d. The methodology, the design, and the findings.

Question 13

In their own writing, graduate learners are not permitted to use research or theory that does not appear in a peer-reviewed or refereed journal.


a. True
b. False

Question 14

Which of the following indicate the purpose of the literature review in an article?


a. To present the existing research and theory related to the goals of the study.
b. To present an objective, evidence-based argument that the study is needed by the field
c. To describe, with support from the primary methodological literature, the methodology's fitness for the research question.
d. All of the above

Question 15

Is it the author-researcher's responsibility to state the implications or applications of the research?


a. No, the researcher presents the evidence. It is the reader's and the scientific community's responsibility to consider the implications or applications of the evidence.
b. Yes, to the extent that the researcher can describe implications and applications, she should.

Question 16

Many studies investigate variables. Which of the following statements are true regarding variables? (Check all that apply.)


a. Variables are concepts that can be measuredthat is, they have levels or vary somehow.
b. Quantitative studies always investigate variables, but qualitative studies may or may not do so.
c. An independent variable always influences a dependent variable.
d. In a correlation (e.g., "the relationship between gender and level of morality"), there are no independent or dependent variables.
e. An extraneous variable means that the variable adds extra value to the study.

Question 17

Whose responsibility is it to evaluate that research is conducted ethically and to criticize it if not?


a. The researcher and any funding agencies.
b. The professional association to which the researcher belongs.
c. The editors and reviewers of the journal publishing the study.
d. The readers of the article reporting the research.
e. All of the above.

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