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Hinton Corporation desires to earn target net income of $90,000.
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Quiz –

                                                                                   

 

 

PART I — MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

Instructions:  Designate the best answer for each of the following questions.

 

_____   1.  Hinton Corporation desires to earn target net income of $90,000. If the selling price per unit is $30, unit variable cost is $24, and total fixed costs are $360,000, the number of units that the company must sell to earn its target net income is

                  a.   30,000.

                  b.   75,000.

                  c.   45,000.

                  d.   60,000.

 

_____   2.  The following data has been collected for use in analyzing the behavior of main-tenance costs of Steiner Corporation:

                                    Month              Maintenance Costs           Machine Hours

                                    January                 $121,000                            20,000

                                    February                 125,000                            23,000

                                    March                      128,000                            24,000

                                    April                         159,000                            34,000

                                    May                         168,000                            36,000

                                    June                        178,000                            38,000

                                    July                         181,000                            40,000

                  Using the high-low method to separate the maintenance costs into their variable and fixed cost components, these components are

                  a.   $5 per hour plus $20,000.

                  b.   $5 per hour plus $30,000.

                  c.   $4 per hour plus $41,000.

                  d.   $3 per hour plus $61,000.

 

_____   3.  Given the following data for Farwell Company, compute (A) total manufacturing costs and (B) costs of goods manufactured:

                  Direct materials used           $120,000           Beginning work in process         $20,000

                  Direct labor                              50,000           Ending work in process                10,000

                  Manufacturing overhead       150,000           Beginning finished goods             25,000

                  Operating expenses               175,000           Ending finished goods                  15,000

                             (A)                               (B)    

                  a.   $310,000                     $330,000

                  b.   $320,000                     $310,000

                  c.   $320,000                     $330,000

                  d.   $330,000                     $340,000

 

 

 

_____   4.  The cost classification scheme most relevant to responsibility accounting is

                  a.   controllable vs. uncontrollable.

                  b.   fixed vs. variable.

                  c.   semivariable vs. mixed.

                  d.   direct vs. indirect.

 

_____   5.  Which of the following would not be included in the operating activities section of a statement of cash flows?

                  a.   Cash inflows from returns on loans (i.e., interest)

                  b.   Cash inflows from returns on equity securities (i.e., dividends)

                  c.   Cash outflows to governments for taxes

                  d.   Cash outflows to reacquire treasury stock

 

_____   6.  Which of the following combinations presents correct examples of liquidity, profitability, and solvency ratios, respectively?

                        Liquidity                                   Profitability                              Solvency

                  a.   Inventory turnover                  Inventory turnover                  Times interest earned

                  b.   Current ratio                            Inventory turnover                  Debt to total assets

                  c.   Receivables turnover  Return on assets                     Times interest earned

                  d.   Quick ratio                              Payout ratio                             Return on assets

 

_____   7.  Which of the following pairs of terms in the area of financial statement analysis are synonymous?

                  a.   Ratio — Trend

                  b.   Horizontal — Trend

                  c.   Vertical — Ratio

                  d.   Horizontal — Ratio

 

_____   8.  Shinn Corporation has the following stock outstanding:

                        6% Preferred, $100 Par                $1,000,000

                        Common Stock, $50 Par                2,000,000

                  No dividends were paid the previous 2 years. If Shinn declares $300,000 of dividends in the current year, how much will common stockholders receive if the preferred stock is cumulative?

                  a.   $120,000

                  b.   $180,000

                  c.   $240,000

                  d.   $80,000

 

_____   9.  The statement of cash flows is a(n)

                  a.   required supplemental financial statement.

                  b.   required basic financial statement.

                  c.   optional basic financial statement.

                  d.   optional supplementary statement.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

_____ 10.  The directors of Kennedy Corp. are trying to decide whether they should issue par or no par stock. They are considering three alternatives for their new stock, which they are assuming will be issued at $8 per share. The alternatives are: (A) $5 par value, (B) no par with a $1 stated value, and (C) no par, no stated value. If 60,000 shares are issued, what amount will be credited to the common stock account in each of these cases?

                             (A)                   (B)                   (C)    

                  a.   $60,000           $300,000         $480,000

                  b.   $60,000           $480,000         $480,000

                  c.   $480,000         $480,000         $480,000

                  d.   $300,000         $60,000           $480,000

 

_____ 11.  Taylor Corp. reacquired, but did not retire, 30,000 shares of its $2 par common stock at a cost of $13 per share on April 30, 2010. The stock was originally issued at $11 per share. On January 10, 2011, the 30,000 shares were sold at $16 per share. The sales entry should include a credit to Paid-in Capital from Treasury Stock for

                  a.   $0.

                  b.   $60,000.

                  c.   $90,000.

                  d.   $420,000.

 

_____ 12.  What is the effect on total paid-in capital of a stock dividend and a stock split, respectively?

                        Stock Dividend          Stock Split

                  a.        Increase                  No effect

                  b.        No effect                No effect

                  c.        Decrease                No effect

                  d.        Decrease                Decrease

 

_____ 13.  Which of the following is reported in the retained earnings statement as an adjustment to the beginning balance?

                  a.   Extraordinary items

                  b.   Prior period adjustments

                  c.   Other revenues and expenses

                  d.   Discontinued operations

 

_____ 14.  Which of the following should be classified as an extraordinary item?

                  a.   Effects of major casualties not infrequent in the area

                  b.   Write-off of a significant amount of receivables

                  c.   Loss from the expropriation of facilities by a foreign government

                  d.   Losses due to a bitter, lengthy labor strike

 

_____ 15.  Bonds that mature in installments are called

                  a.   callable bonds.

                  b.   registered bonds.

                  c.   serial bonds.

                  d.   term bonds.

 

_____ 16.  A Discount on Bonds Payable account

                  a.   is a contra account to Bonds Payable.

                  b.   will cause interest expense to be less than cash interest payable.

                  c.   is increased over the life of the bond until it equals the bond's face value.

                  d.   is an adjunct account to Bonds Payable.

 

_____ 17.  Finney Corp. had 500,000 shares of common stock outstanding throughout the year. Finney reported net income of $1,400,000 and declared preferred stock dividends of $200,000 during the year. Finney should present earnings per share of

                  a.   $2.00.

                  b.   $2.40.

                  c.   $2.80.

                  d.   $3.20.

 

_____ 18.  In order to be considered extraordinary, an item must be

                  a.   infrequent and uninsured.

                  b.   unusual and uninsured.

                  c.   uninsured and infrequent.

                  d.   infrequent and unusual.

 

_____ 19.  If the market rate of interest is lower than the stated rate, bonds will sell at an amount

                  a.   equal to face value.

                  b.   not determinable from the given information.

                  c.   lower than face value.

                  d.   higher than face value.

 

_____ 20.  A partner invests into a partnership a building with an original cost of $90,000 and accumulated depreciation of $40,000. This building has a $70,000 fair market value. As a result of the investment, the partner’s capital account will be credited for

a.   $70,000.

b.   $50,000.

c.   $90,000.

d.   $120,000.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART II — STATEMENT OF CASH FLOWS

Presented below is information related to the operations of Tolbert Corporation.

                                                         December

                                                2010                2009                                                            2010      

Cash                                        $120,000     $  80,000         Sales                                       $760,000

Accounts receivable                 110,000         96,000         Cost of goods sold                    380,000

Inventory                                     60,000         44,000         Gross profit                               380,000

Prepaid expenses                       30,000         40,000         Depreciation expense                 28,000

Land                                            78,000         40,000         Other operating expenses        266,000

Building                                     200,000       200,000         Income from operations             86,000

Accumulated depreciation—                                              Loss on equipment sale                6,000

building                                       (34,000)      (16,000)        Income before income taxes      80,000

Equipment                                 116,000       160,000         Income tax expense                   24,000

Accumulated depreciation—                                              Net income                             $  56,000

equipment                                  (30,000)      (40,000)

      Total                                  $650,000     $604,000

 

Accounts payable                   $  80,000     $  58,000

Bonds payable                                     0       200,000

Common stock                         400,000       200,000

Retained earnings                     170,000       146,000

      Total                                  $650,000     $604,000

 

Additional information:

(a)    In 2010, Tolbert declared and paid a cash dividend.

(b)    The company converted $200,000 of bonds into common stock.

(c)    Equipment with a cost of $44,000 and a book value of $24,000 was sold for $20,000. Land was acquired for cash.

 

 

Instructions:

Prepare a statement of cash flows in proper form for 2010, using the indirect method.

 

 

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PART III — RATIO ANALYSIS

The condensed financial statements of Jenner Corporation for 2010 are presented below.

 

                  Jenner Corporation                                                     Jenner Corporation

                     Balance Sheet                                                         Income Statement

                 December 31, 2010                                   For the Year Ended December 31, 2010

 

                     Assets                                                 Revenues                                       $2,000,000

Current assets                                                          Expenses

      Cash and short-term                                              Cost of goods sold                          960,000

      investments                               $   30,000              Selling and administrative

      Accounts receivable                      70,000                expenses                                       740,000

      Inventories                                   140,000              Interest expense                               50,000

            Total current assets               240,000                  Total expenses                        1,750,000

Property, plant, and                                                 Income before income taxes              250,000

      equipment (net)                            760,000         Income tax expense                            100,000

            Total assets                       $1,000,000         Net income                                     $   150,000

           

 

      Liabilities and Stockholders' Equity

Current liabilities                            $   100,000

Long-term liabilities                            350,000

Stockholders' equity                          550,000

      Total liabilities and

      stockholders' equity                $1,000,000

 

Additional data as of December 31, 2009: Inventory = $100,000; Total assets = $800,000; Stockholders' equity = $450,000.

 

Instructions: Compute the following listed ratios for 2010 showing supporting calculations.

 

(a)   Current ratio = ___________________________________________________________ .

 

(b)   Debt to total assets ratio = _________________________________________________ .

 

(c)   Times interest earned = ___________________________________________________ .

 

(d)   Inventory turnover = ______________________________________________________ .

 

(e)   Profit margin = __________________________________________________________ .

 

(f)    Return on stockholders' equity = ____________________________________________ .

 

(g)   Return on assets = _______________________________________________________ .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

PART IV — MISCELLANEOUS MANAGERIAL MINI-PROBLEMS

Carson Corporation manufactures paper shredding equipment. You are requested to "audit" a sampling of computations made by Carson's internal accountants via your independent recalculation of the information.

 

Instructions: Compute the requested information for each of the following independent situations (present supporting calculations).

 

(a)   Each paper shredder has a standard materials cost of 20 pounds at $7.50 per pound or $150.00 in total. 40,000 pounds of materials were purchased for $320,000 during the period and 39,000 pounds were used in the production of 2,000 good units. Compute the direct materials price and quantity variances, and label them as favorable or unfavorable.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)   Carson uses a process costing system. 2,000 units were in process at the beginning of the period, 60% complete. 20,000 units were started into production during the period; 1,000 were in process at the end of the period, 60% complete. Compute equivalent units for conversion costs.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(c)   Carson sells each unit for $500. Variable costs per unit equal $300. Total fixed costs equal $800,000. Carson is currently selling 5,000 units per period and would like to earn net income of $400,000. Compute: (1) breakeven point in dollars; (2) sales units necessary to attain desired income; and (3) margin of safety ratio for current operations.

 

(1)   Breakeven = $___________________________________________________.

 

(2)   Desired sales = ___________________________________________ units.

 

(3)   Margin of safety = _____________________________________________%.

 

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Hinton Corporation desires to earn target net income of $90,000.
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Quiz – PART I — MULTIPLE CHOICE Instructions: Designate the best answer for each of the following questions. _____ 1. Hinton Corporation desires to earn target net income of $90,000. If the selling price per unit is $30, unit variable cost is $24, and total fixed costs are $360,000, the number of units that the company must sell to earn its target net income is a. 30,000. b. 75,000. c. 45,000. d. 60,000. _____ 2. The following data has been collected for use in analyzing the behavior of main-tenance costs of Steiner Corporation: Month Maintenance Costs Machine Hours January $121,000 20,000 February 125,000 23,000 March 128,000 24,000 April 159,000 34,000 May 168,000 36,000 June 178,000 38,000 July 181,000 40,000 Using the high-low method to separate the maintenance costs into their variable and fixed cost components, these components are a. $5 per hour plus $20,000. b. $5 per hour plus $30,000. c. $4 per hour plus $41,000. d. $3 per hour plus $61,000. _____ 3. Given the following data for Farwell Company, compute (A) total manufacturing costs and (B) costs of goods manufactured: Direct materials used $120,000 Beginning work in process $20,000 Direct labor 50,000 Ending work in process 10,000 Manufacturing overhead 150,000 Beginning finished goods 25,000 Operating expenses 175,000 Ending finished goods 15,000 (A) (B) a. $310,000 $330,000 b. $320,000 $310,000 c. $320,000 $330,000 d. $330,000 $340,000 _____ 4. The cost classification scheme most relevant to responsibility accounting is a. controllable vs. uncontrollable. b. fixed vs. variable. c. semivariable vs. mixed. d. direct vs. indirect. _____ 5. Which of the following would not be included in the operating activities section of a statement of cash flows? a. Cash inflows from returns on loans (i.e., interest) b. Cash inflows from returns on equity securities (i.e., dividends) c. Cash outflows to governments for taxes d. Cash outflows to reacquire treasury stock _____ 6. Which of the following combinations presents correct examples of liquidity, profitability, and solvency ratios, respectively? Liquidity Profitability Solvency a. Inventory turnover Inventory turnover Times interest earned b. Current ratio Inventory turnover Debt to total assets c. Receivables turnover Return on assets Times interest earned d. Quick ratio Payout ratio Return on assets _____ 7. Which of the following pairs of terms in the area of financial statement analysis are synonymous? a. Ratio — Trend b. Horizontal — Trend c. Vertical — Ratio d. Horizontal — Ratio _____ 8. Shinn Corporation has the following stock outstanding: 6% Preferred, $100 Par $1,000,000 Common Stock, $50 Par 2,000,000 No dividends were paid the previous 2 years. If Shinn declares $300,000 of dividends in the current year, how much will common stockholders receive if the preferred stock...
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