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HIUS 221 Module Week 6 Mindtap Activities complete solutions correct answers key
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Liberty University HIUS 221 Module Week 6 Mindtap Activities complete solutions correct answers key

 

7.3 Reforming the Young Republic

Which religion rose in prominence during the first half of the nineteenth century as founder Joseph Smith preached spiritual lessons he claimed to have learned from an angel?

Mormonism

Universalism

Shakerism

 

Imagine that it is 1848, and you are an anti-alcohol crusader. You engage a man in conversation as he is on his way into a saloon. Use the dropdown menus to complete the conversation.

YOU: Think about others when you partake in the evils of alcohol! Your loose morals aren’t just hurting yourself; the biggest victim is your.

SALOON PATRON: Back off, lady! I’ve had a long day, and if I want to get a little bright in the eye, who are you to stop me? You Washingtonians are always putting your noses where they don’t belong, and I will not be brought under the influence of the movement.

 

YOU: I am not warning you purely to cast judgment on you. My group can.

 

Imagine that it is 1820, and you are the member of the Shaker religious movement. You are talking with a nonbeliever. Use the dropdown menus to complete the conversation.

YOU: Come! Confess your sins! Attend the with the United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Coming! Secure your salvation while there’s still time!

NONBELIEVER: I’m not sure that kind of thing is for me. I’ve heard that everyone in your group. Is there any truth to that?

 

YOU: Indeed, sir! We believe that following this path keeps the body and soul pure and aids us on our godly path. But we also believe that any man or woman of any race can attain salvation. We oppose slavery and war and actively provide support for.

NONBELIEVER: Well, I agree with some of your values, but I’m still skeptical. Give me the information, and I’ll at least consider attending.

 

What change in family life during this era created a sense of disunion that fed the popularity of reform and revival movements?

Home foreclosures rose to such a high level that nearly half of all American families became homeless.

Huge increases in alcohol consumption led more men to become absentee fathers.

People began to move away from their parents at an earlier age.

 

Imagine that it is 1855, and you are a member of the Oneida Association. You are talking with a nonbeliever. Use the dropdown menus to complete the conversation.

NONBELIEVER: Excuse me, sir. I’m told you’re a member of that Oneida group from New York. I’ve heard quite a bit about your community.

YOU: Yes, ma’am. I don’t know what you’ve heard, but it’s a wonderful place. Like our founder, John Humphrey Noyes, we believe that people can.

 

NONBELIEVER: I have heard that, but I was also told that the group rejects marriage. Is that true?

YOU: It is indeed. Members of our community are all part of. This practice seems to fascinate outsiders, but to us it’s completely normal. And it’s not something that entirely defines who we are. Much of our time is spent manufacturing silverware and working to make our community a better place.

Which of these statements best represents how some workers responded to the demands of increased production with no wage increases?

They seized dozens of factories, later selling the buildings back to the companies to which they officially belonged.

They used the stringent labor laws of the time to sue any employer that did not provide a living wage.

They formed unions and used them to take actions such as striking and lobbying legislatures.

 

7.5 One Long Struggle toward Equality

Which of these businesses changed domestic life considerably for women during the first half of the nineteenth century?

Bakeries

Nickelodeons

Fisheries

 

Although women had few political rights during the first half of the nineteenth century, they influenced society in which of these ways?

They strove to achieve legislative change through letter-writing campaigns.

They worked to have a calming effect through medical advocacy.

They tried to have a nurturing influence through social reform.

 

Which of these statements about women’s lives and the women’s movement during the first half of the nineteenth century are true? Check all that apply.

The early stages of the women’s movement were focused largely on gaining the right to vote.

Women’s rights crusaders initially avoided claiming that men and women were inherently equal.

When a woman married, her legal identity was subsumed under that of her husband.

Despite advocating equality for women, the first women’s right convention was closed to non-whites.

 

Which of these statements about women’s lives and the women’s movement during the first half of the nineteenth century are true? Check all that apply.

The first women’s right convention was conservative, demanding equality only in wages.

A woman’s property was completely controlled by her husband.

Early women’s rights activists worked almost exclusively within the Roman Catholic church.

The women’s rights movement in the United States began with women involved in the abolitionist movement.

 

Which of these businesses changed domestic life considerably for women during the first half of the nineteenth century?

Orchards

Blacksmiths

Clothiers

 

Which statement best describes a major change in the idealized view of women’s roles in the first half of the nineteenth century?

Women should be the moral centers of the home, providing a refuge from the outside world.

Women should protect the home, working to secure doors and windows and practicing marksmanship.

Women should go to work when their children are old enough to perform the duties of the household.

 

Which of the following statements best describes the historical context in which the women’s movement emerged?

The women’s movement emerged alongside many other reform movements, including the antislavery movement, which took their inspiration from religion and ideas of individualism.

The women’s movement emerged independent of and separate from other reform efforts of the mid-nineteenth century.

Religious revivals inspired the women’s movement, which chose to remain separate from the antislavery movement.

 

Which of the following rights were not among those on the list of grievances articulated at the Seneca Falls gathering?

The right to a college education

The right to hold a job

The right to retain custody of children in a divorce

 

Which of the following did not occur at the Seneca Falls gathering?

As a gathering exclusively focused on the rights and grievances of women, men could not attend or participate in the meeting.

The participants gathered together to discuss the rights and grievances of women, which led to the creation and approval of the Declaration of Sentiments.

The gathering asserted that all men and women were created equal.

 

Which of these parallels can be drawn between the women’s rights and antislavery movements?

Both were inspired by religious revivals and a new ideal of an individual’s power to effect change.

Both inspired religious revivals and greater tolerance.

Despite a multitude of other reform movements, these two occurred independent of them (and one another) as they had no religious connection.

 

Which of these businesses changed domestic life considerably for women during the first half of the nineteenth century?

Coppersmiths

Butcher shops

Farms

 

In what way did many working-class women’s lives diverge from the ideal of domesticity in the first half of the nineteenth century?

They had to work outside of the home for wages, allowing less time to spend with their families.

They enjoyed rich social lives, which prevented them from caring for their children.

They performed heavy farm labor, which was considered unfeminine.

 

Which of these statements about women’s lives and the women’s movement during the first half of the nineteenth century are true? Check all that apply.

The racial scope of the women’s movement began to expand when Sojourner Truth shared her story.

The early stages of the women’s movement were focused mainly on women’s rights in the workplace.

When a woman married, she gave up her right to vote.

Reformers held the first women’s rights convention in New York in 1848.

 

Which of the following did not occur at the Seneca Falls gathering?

The participants gathered together to discuss the rights and grievances of women, which led to the creation and approval of the Declaration of Sentiments.

The gathering asserted that all men and women were created equal.

As a gathering exclusively focused on the rights and grievances of women, men could not attend or participate in the meeting.

 

Which of these parallels can be drawn between the women’s rights and antislavery movements?

Both inspired religious revivals and greater tolerance.

Both were inspired by religious revivals and a new ideal of an individual’s power to effect change.

Despite a multitude of other reform movements, these two occurred independent of them (and one another) as they had no religious connection.

 

What did the Declaration of Sentiments contain?

It included a statement that recognized the societal limitations faced by women but fell short of recognizing the equality of men and women.

It recognized the equality of men and women and stated the rights and limitations faced by women in society.

It contained a statement on the antislavery movement and the budding religious revivals of the day.

 

Why was the Seneca Falls Convention significant?

It was the first time women openly spoke out against the patriarchal system in which they lived.

It was the first event attended and supported by men as well as women.

It and other events like it, slowly convinced lawmakers to give women more rights.

 

8.2 Our Peculiar Institution

Action

State

This state’s Supreme Court outlawed slavery in 1783.

 

This state passed a law in 1787 to make private manumission easier.

 

This state passed a gradual abolition law in 1799.

 

 

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences.

As opposition to slavery grew in the Upper South, some slave owners in this region opted to. In part, this occurred due to the shift in the primary crop of this region from to wheat, a crop that required fewer field hands.

 

Which piece of legislation was essential for maintaining the balance of power between North and South in the early nineteenth century?

The Kansas-Nebraska Act

The Northwest Ordinance

The Missouri Compromise

 

Action

State

Passed the first abolition law

 

Passed a law in 1782 to make private manumission easier

 

Passed a gradual abolition law in 1784

 

Which of the following was a concern for Southern leaders with regard to slavery in the early nineteenth century?

The growing population and power of the North

Federal mandates about the pricing of commodities farmed by slaves

Leadership development among freed African Americans in urban areas

 

Action

State

Was the last Northern state to pass a gradual abolition law

 

Passed a law in 1790 to make private manumission less difficult

 

Reported no slaves in the federal census in 1790

 

 

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences.

The region initially indicated that it would witness the gradual death of slavery with the end of the foreign slave trade. However, positive action would be necessary to end slavery. , a slaveholder himself, supported gradual abolition in Virginia.

 

Which piece of legislation was essential for maintaining the balance of power between North and South in the early nineteenth century?

The Kansas-Nebraska Act

The Missouri Compromise

The Northwest Ordinance

Action

State

This state’s Supreme Court outlawed slavery in 1783.

 

This state passed a law in 1787 to make private manumission easier.

 

This state passed a gradual abolition law in 1799.

 

 

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences.

In the North, many free African Americans created institutions such as that fostered the growth of those communities. In addition, provided relief to poor widows and children.

 

Which of the following was an interest of Northerners with regard to slavery in the early nineteenth century?

Ensuring that Northerners would get good prices for slaves they sold in the Deep South

Suppressing institutions run by freed slaves

Preventing the spread of slavery into new western states

 

8.6 Debating and Opposing Slavery

Description

Person

Denied that slaves felt or owed bond to their masters

 

Was a major proponent of moral suasion as a strategy for abolition

 

Was the child of a slave owner who became an advocate for abolition

 

 

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences.

The rebellion instigated by in 1831 required troops to be sent in. The state legislature engaged in heated debate about the future of slavery. Those who supported slavery were concerned that these debates.

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences.

The debates surrounding the expansion of slavery in provided inspiration for the attempted revolt by in 1822. The revolt failed, however, because a alerted local whites before it could be carried out.

 

Description

Group

Purchased land in Africa to create a new country for freed slaves

 

Claimed that the duty of Christians was to cast out slaveholders

 

Argued that slavery violated the principle that all humans are equal in the eyes of God

 

 

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences.

Many slaves, such as Frederick Douglass, opted for a nonviolent form of slave rebellion: escape. A network known as the made it possible for many thousands of people to secure freedom. One escaped slave,, became a leader of the organization. Her success spurred a group of to offer a $40,000 reward for her capture, which proved unsuccessful.

Description

Term

Alternate term for Congress opting to table antislavery petitions

 

Argument that slaves were well taken care of by their masters

 

Tool for appealing to Southern ministers in the 1830s

 

 

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences.

The rebellion instigated by in 1831 required troops to be sent in. The state legislature engaged in heated debate about the future of slavery. Those who supported slavery were concerned that these debates.

 

8.3 King Cotton

By 1850, the United States was producing and exporting bales of cotton annually. The profitability of cotton production helped aid the spread of slavery into the.

 

Which of the following describes paternalism in white Southern family structure?

Plantations raised children collectively and shared the burden of planting.

Husbands and wives shared legal and financial responsibility for their land and family.

The male father figure was in charge of his wife, the children, and the plantation’s slave population.

 

How did the lives of planter wives and yeoman wives differ?

Planter wives managed household slaves, and yeoman wives labored on family farms.

Planter wives tended to be married to abolitionists, and yeoman wives tended to own slaves.

Planter wives labored on family farms, and yeoman wives worked in urban factories.

By 1860, those areas of the South that are considered major centers of cotton cultivation had a slave population that of the total population. This suggests not only that cotton cultivation was labor intensive, but also that most of the workforce that raised cotton. We can also draw the conclusion that most slaves in, and those who lived near the Mississippi River from Memphis to Baton Rouge, spent most of their time.

Between 1820 and 1860, the Southern slave population from the Upper South to the Lower South, following the migration of cultivation to the Southwest. In 1820, only—and to a lesser extent Georgia and Louisiana—had numerous counties with slave populations that exceeded 50% of the total population. By 1860, Lower South states like Alabama, Louisiana, and contained vast stretches of counties in which the slave population and not a single county was without slaves.

Which of the following statements best describes the impact of Eli Whitney’s innovations?

The mechanical tools and manufacturing techniques developed by Whitney led to the increased presence of the manufacturing industry in the North while simultaneously contributing to the decline of slavery in the South.

The mechanical tools and manufacturing techniques developed by Whitney had a limited impact on both the economic development of industry in the North and agriculture in the South.

The mechanical tools and manufacturing techniques developed by Whitney led to the increased presence of the manufacturing industry in the North and contributed to the increased production of cotton and a greater reliance on slave labor in the South.

 

Identify each of the following statements as either true or false.

Statement

True

False

Whitney’s cotton gin resulted in better-paying opportunities for Southern agricultural workers.

 

 

Whitney’s cotton gin inadvertently helped to further entrench slavery in the South.

 

 

Whitney’s inventions helped to further distinguish the North and South from one another.

 

 

 

The cotton gin made it less painful for laborers to separate the cotton fiber from the seed by hand, but it did not save time.

With mechanization, the cotton gin made the separation of the cotton fiber from the disposable seed a more efficient task.

The cotton gin made the use of slave labor in the South obsolete.

 

Identify each of the following statements as either true or false.

Statement

True

False

Whitney’s improvement of musket design allowed plantation owners in the South to exert greater control over their slaves.

 

 

One consequence of Whitney’s musket was the creation of new jobs for skilled blacksmiths.

 

 

Whitney’s invention of the cotton gin was motivated by a desire to ease the hardship suffered by the slaves who had to sort cotton by hand.

 

 

 

The cotton gin increased worker efficiency from 1 pound of cotton per worker per day topounds per worker per day. The demand for labor helped the slave system in the United States.

 

Why were children born into slavery important to slave owners?

Children increased the owner’s property holdings.

Children were more efficient and productive workers.

There were fewer regulations about the sale of slave children.

 

What determined whether or not a child was born a slave?

The slave status of the mother

The slave status of both parents

The slave status of the father

 

Between 1820 and 1860, the cultivation of expanded from the Upper South to the Lower South in a direction. In 1820, only was a major center of cultivation, while minor centers existed in several other states. By 1860, the major center of cultivation ran from central Georgia and Alabama to the Mississippi River, and down the river. Meanwhile, minor centers extended all the way from the Carolinas in the Upper South to Arkansas and Texas in the Lower South.

 

What impact did the application of interchangeable parts for muskets have?

The use of interchangeable parts added to the life of a musket because the parts could be swapped in and out.

The use of interchangeable parts increased the need for skilled artisans for the manufacturing of muskets.

The use of interchangeable parts provided for a sturdier musket.

 

Identify each of the following statements as either true or false.

Statement

True

False

Eli Whitney’s inventions affected the North and the South in different ways.

 

 

Whitney’s cotton gin, since it automated cotton production, reduced the need for slave labor.

 

 

Whitney’s foresightedness helped position the North as an industrial center.

 

 

 

8.5 The Scope of Slavery

Statement

Fact

Myth

Yeoman farmers generally opposed the slave trade.

 

 

Most slaves lived on large plantations with significant slave populations.

 

 

The domestic slave trade escalated in response to the end of the trans-Atlantic slave trade.

 

 

Almost 73% of all slaves worked in cotton fields.

 

 

 

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences.

During the season, most slaves worked as field hands. During these times often threatened violence in order to maximize the work from the slaves.

 

Which statement best represents the approximate value reflected in the sale price of slaves during the 1850s?

Female slaves sold for more than male slaves.

Male slaves sold for more than female slaves.

Female and male slaves most often sold for the same price.

Statement

Fact

Myth

The slave population in the Lower South declined sixfold between 1793 and 1830.

 

 

By 1860, only about 25% of white Southerners owned slaves.

 

 

Yeoman farmers owned the majority of the plantations with large slave populations.

 

 

About 25% of slaves resided on plantations with more than fifty slaves.

 

 

 

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences.

Some free African Americans were wealthy enough to purchase their own slaves, though they generally bought. However, as more African Americans gained their freedom, some white Southerners advocated freed slaves.

 

Why did girls sell for higher prices than boys at slave auctions in the 1850s?

Because girls were less expensive to maintain on the plantation

In order to provide more household help

Because of their ability to bear children

 

Statement

Fact

Myth

Most slave owners had less than five slaves.

 

 

The cotton gin minimized the need for slave labor in the Lower South.

 

 

The trans-Atlantic slave trade expanded after 1808.

 

 

While a solid majority of slaves worked in cotton fields, others farmed other crops or practiced trades.

 

 

 

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences.

Some free African Americans were wealthy enough to purchase their own slaves, though they generally bought. However, as more African Americans gained their freedom, some white Southerners advocated freed slaves.

 

What was the approximate total value of all the slaves in the United States in 1860 dollars?

$1.2 billion

$3.5 billion

$100 million

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences.

Farmers who required additional help on their land could slaves from other plantations. Slaves on some farms were able to from this practice, helping them gain their freedom.

 

9.5 Taking Sides

Which of the following were arguments in favor of the “tariff of abominations”? Check all that apply.

It disproportionately affected the South.

It would provide money for defense.

It would help prevent federal debt.

It would increase the cost of manufactured goods.

 

Determine which group is associated with each description.

Description

Anti-Masons

Unions

Irish Immigrants

Were opposed to secret organizations

 

 

 

Supported Jackson’s anti-monopoly efforts

 

 

 

Tended to be young, single, and poor

 

 

 

 

How did Jackson initiate the Bank War?

Through a referral of the issue to the judicial branch

Through an executive order

By vetoing the rechartering of the bank

 

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the paragraph.

General led Mexican forces against American settlers. After his capture and the establishment of an independent Texas in 1836, Texas became a state in 1845. In order to balance free states and slave states, the United States recognized as a free territory that same year, albeit with a boundary that only extended to the forty-ninth parallel.

 

Which of the following were arguments against the “tariff of abominations”? Check all that apply.

It would threaten foreign markets for southern cotton.

It would help fund the military.

It would prevent federal debt.

It would increase the price of manufactured goods in the South.

 

Determine which group is associated with each description.

Description

Anti-Masons

Unions

Irish Immigrants

Were subject to an anti-Catholic riot in Philadelphia

 

 

 

Believed Andrew Jackson favored the South

 

 

 

Wanted Jackson to do more to attack those with economic privilege

 

 

 

 

What did the Second National Bank ensure?

That state banks would have sufficient metal currency on hand

Financing for public infrastructure projects

Lower interest rates for merchants and farmers

 

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the paragraph.

Texas established a provisional government in and chose as commander of the army.

 

Which of the following were components of Calhoun’s concept of nullification? Check all that apply.

The judicial branch is the ultimate arbiter of whether a law can be nullified.

The federal system divides sovereignty between the states and the nation as a whole.

Nullification only applies to taxation.

A nullification can only be overruled by three-fourths of the states.

 

Determine which group is associated with each description.

Description

Anti-Masons

Unions

Irish Immigrants

Were perceived as a threat by many Protestant Americans

 

 

 

Organized strikes

 

 

 

Held the first national political convention

 

 

 

 

Why were many Americans distrustful of the national bank?

It kept too much hard currency on hand.

It issued too little paper money.

It appeared to serve private interests with public money.

 

Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the paragraph.

Mexico invited American settlers to Texas in hopes of populating the region. However, disagreements over led to a petition started by to establish Texas as a separate Mexican state.

 

10.1 Picturing History

In 1900, North Dakota approximatelyof the white population was foreign born. Of the 227, 690 foreign-born whites, the majority were from Canada (English and French combined), Norway, and. Comparing North Dakota’s foreign-born white population to its neighbor South Dakota’s demonstrates that far greater numbers of immigrants from settled here.

In 1900, both Nebraska and Kansas had white populations of more than 1 million people. Of these two states, Nebraska had the highest number of foreign-born men, in 1890. The majority of Kansas’s foreign-born white population were from. Some of the families who migrated to this state arrived on the Trail.

 

In 1890, the percentage of foreign-born men twenty-one years of age or older was greatest in the states at the western terminus of the Trail. In general, states with predominantly single male migration patterns contained numbers of foreign-born immigrants compared to states where families migrated. This map of the United States in 1890 shows that contained the largest percentage of foreign-born men ages twenty-one and older.

 

10.2 Westward Expansion and Manifest Destiny

Which of the following statements regarding westward expansion is most accurate?

Lewis and Clark’s expedition was made much more difficult because the party had to build roads as they traversed the country.

In 1803, President Thomas Jefferson massively expanded U.S. borders with the Louisiana Purchase.

President Andrew Jackson created the U.S. Army Corps of Topographical Engineers to make sure development projects did not damage any natural wonders.

 

Which of the following statements regarding the early nineteenth-century U.S.–Canada border is most accurate?

During the 1815 peace, President Andrew Jackson continuously moved the Canadian border to the benefit of the United States.

In the Rush-Bagot Treaty of 1817, President Millard Fillmore temporarily ceded most of present-day New England to Canada.

In the Convention of 1818, President James Monroe set the border at the forty-ninth parallel.

 

Which of the following statements regarding U.S. expansion are true? Check all that apply.

The doctrine of manifest destiny focused on the need to expand the country’s borders for the purpose of protecting the natural environment.

The United States expressed an interest in acquiring Cuba as early as 1848, when it offered to buy the island from Spain.

The Gadsden Purchase extended the trend begun by the Ostend Manifesto, which gave the United States control of the Alaskan territory.

President John Tyler made an effort to annex Texas, working with Democrats to keep the region out of British hands.

 

Which of the following statements regarding westward expansion is most accurate?

Despite the concerns of farmers, Congress never passed a law legalizing the process known as preemption.

Private industry magnates masterminded westward expansion, with company executives signing the Louisiana Purchase and later selling much of the land to the U.S. government.

The Missouri Compromise of 1820 admitted a new free state and a new slave state to preserve the balance of power in the Senate.

 

Which of the following statements regarding the early nineteenth-century U.S.–Canada border is most accurate?

During the 1815 peace, President Andrew Jackson continuously moved the Canadian border to the benefit of the United States.

In the Rush-Bagot Treaty of 1817, President Millard Fillmore temporarily ceded most of present-day New England to Canada.

In the Convention of 1818, President James Monroe set the border at the forty-ninth parallel.

 

Which of the following statements regarding U.S. expansion are true? Check all that apply.

The doctrine of manifest destiny suggested that it was the divine mission of the United States to expand across the continent.

The United States tried to acquire Cuba as a part of the Louisiana Purchase, but France refused to make the sale.

The annexation of Texas was first suggested by President James Buchanan, who wanted to extend slavery from coast to coast.

The final borders of the continental United States were set as the result of the Gadsden Purchase.

Which of the following statements regarding westward expansion is most accurate?

Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led a group called the Corps of Discovery to record characteristics of newly acquired territory.

President Franklin Pierce established the General Land Office in order to identify new lands that could by acquired by the United States.

President John Tyler negotiated the Louisiana Purchase, which ceded Louisiana to France in exchange for large tracts of land in Mexico.

 

Which of the following statements regarding the Spanish influence in Florida is most accurate?

The Spanish were so concerned about the presence of the so-called Negro Fort that they poisoned every occupant.

General Jackson took advantage of good relations with the Seminoles to form an alliance to wage guerilla warfare against the Spanish.

Tensions between Spanish settlers and Anglo Americans were made worse by long-standing religious differences between the groups.

 

Which of the following statements regarding U.S. expansion are true? Check all that apply.

The annexation of Texas was championed by Democrats, who feared it might fall under British influence and become an antislavery stronghold.

The United States tried to acquire Cuba by promising the ruling British government that the island would remain free from slavery.

Named for the president who signed it, the Gadsden Purchase briefly put the country of Panama under U.S. rule.

The idea of manifest destiny originated with newspaper editor John Louis O’Sullivan, who argued that white Protestants had a God-given duty to expand geographically.

 

10.3 Trails to the West

June 20, 1852

Dear Hyrum,

The Mormon state of is beautiful this time of year! I thank the Lord every day that we left Nauvoo, Illinois, some six years ago and made our way across the continent to the Great Salt Lake. Our leader,, has not only led us to the promised land but also directed our efforts to irrigate this arid land and construct a temple that will surpass the grandeur and gorgeousness of other holy sites. I was sad to see that Congress rejected our petition for statehood because of the practice of plural marriage, or. I do not plan to take more than one wife, and only about 15% of members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints do, but plural marriage is a fundamental doctrine of our faith and must not be abandoned.

I hope that my letter finds you well and prosperous. I urge you once again to consider selling your farm and joining me in my dry goods store. I am making a small fortune to settlers on the trail to Los Angeles. With my salesmanship and your business savvy, we will surely grow rich!

How are your wife and children? Catherine and the girls send their love to you all.

Your devoted brother,

Joseph

 

The Continental Divide separates which of the following two regions?

The Deseret and Great American Desert Regions

The Gold Rush and Deseret Regions

The Gold Rush and Great American Desert Regions

 

Which of the following descriptions best describes the location of the North Platte River?

It stretches between the Rocky Mountains and the Missouri River.

It is found west of the Continental Divide in the Deseret Region

It runs north-south to the west of the Gold Rush Region.

 

Which of the following routes could migrants traveling from St. Louis, Missouri, to Chihuahua, Mexico follow?

The Santa Fé Trail to the Oregon Trail to the California Trail or Lassen’s Trail

The Santa Fé Trail, including the Cimarron Crossing Trail shortcut

The Santa Fé Trail to the Old Spanish Trail

 

Which geological feature separates the Deseret and Great American Desert Regions?

The Missouri River

The Continental Divide

The Oregon Trail

 

Which of the following descriptions best describes the location of the Colorado River?

West of the Continental Divide in the Deseret Region

East of the Continental Divide in the northern portion of the Unorganized Territory in the Great American Desert Region

South of the Cimarron Crossing Trail in the southern portion of the Great American Desert Region

 

Which of the following routes could migrants follow from Fort Laramie to the Gold Rush Region?

The Oregon Trail to the California Trail, with the option of taking Lassen’s Trail

The Oregon Trail to the Santa Fé Trail, with the option of picking up the Cimarron Crossing Trail

The Mormon Trail to the Oregon Trail to the Salt Lake to Los Angeles Trail

 

Which of the following statements best describes the value of the Santa Fe Trail during its use between 1821 and the 1880s?

The Santa Fe Trail provided missionaries with direct connections to surrounding Native American tribes.

The Santa Fe Trail provided for domestic and foreign economic development, facilitating trade, commerce, and settlement.

The Santa Fe Trail provided the Mexican government with a major highway to send immigrants into the United States.

 

March 4, 1851

Dearest Mother,

California is a living hell! The situation here is nothing like 1848, when gold was found on land and the gold rush began. I have heard that nearly 100,000 men made their way to California by the end of 1849 alone. These so-called could once expect to discover an ounce of gold a day, worth about $20. This is about twenty times what I made back in Ohio, working as a day laborer! Today, though, I’m lucky to make $10 a day, while most days it averages about $6. Although this might seem like a king’s ransom in Ohio, the cost of living out here in the gold rush region is high. Miners like me aren’t the ones making the money. It’s the entrepreneurs who are growing rich: men like the merchant Levi Strauss, who has grown wealthy selling tough, blue denim pants, and Collis P. Huntington, who has cornered the market on and marks up their price to ridiculous heights. Otherwise, it’s the big mining syndicates who can afford to bring in machines to dredge the streams, crush the rock, and process the ore at a rate that far surpasses a lone man’s capabilities.

The gold fields are a demanding, diverse, and dangerous place, Ma! I work all day long and make little profit. I sleep in a tent and cook over the fire, living side by side with poor but ambitious men from all over the world. There are thousands of men from China, drawn to the, as they call the gold rush region here in the mountains east of Sacramento. I fear that we all have been duped by the false hope of growing rich quickly.

I have enclosed $10 to help you and Dad with the spring planting. I was hoping to send more!

Your loving son,

Jonah

 

October 13, 1844

Dear Diary,

We have finally made it across the Rockies! It has been a grueling trip, to say the least. We left Missouri nearly six months ago and followed the Trail. At first, the traveling was easy. There was plenty of water and wood until we entered what is known as the Great American Desert, which was dry and windy. After two months, we reached Fort and the Continental Divide, where the water suddenly began to run to the instead of the east. I was overjoyed and assumed that the rest of the trip would be easy. How wrong I was!

At this point, the wagon train split into two groups. For the most part, those wagons containing like ours headed north to the Oregon Territory. Those wagons containing groups of single men headed south along the California Trail. I can tell you that I’ll never forget the Rockies! There were ascents up the mountain I thought the oxen would never make and descents down treacherous mountain passes that I was sure would end with our wagon crashing into the valley. I’ve never prayed so hard. But with God’s grace, we made it. God be praised!

 

Which two trails traverse the Continental Divide?

The Mormon and Salt Lake to Los Angeles Trails

The Oregon and Old Spanish Trails

The Cimarron Crossing and California Trails

 

Which of the following descriptions best describes the location of the Colorado River?

West of the Continental Divide in the Deseret Region

South of the Cimarron Crossing Trail in the southern portion of the Great American Desert Region

East of the Continental Divide in the northern portion of the Unorganized Territory in the Great American Desert Region

 

Which of the following routes could migrants traveling from St. Louis, Missouri, to Chihuahua, Mexico follow?

The Santa Fé Trail to the Oregon Trail to the California Trail or Lassen’s Trail

The Santa Fé Trail, including the Cimarron Crossing Trail shortcut

The Santa Fé Trail to the Old Spanish Trail

 

What was the impact of the construction of railroads on the use of the Santa Fe Trail in the 1880s?

The Santa Fe Trail was no longer valued as a major highway for the transportation of goods and peoples between the western and eastern portions of the United States.

The construction of railroads boosted the use of the Santa Fe Trail by traders.

American tourists from eastern parts of the country who wanted to see the West used the Santa Fe Trail.

 

10.4 Getting to the Source: American Artifacts Lens

Indicate whether each statement about Samuel Colt’s revolver is true or false.

Description

True

False

This revolver is a replica of a Texas Paterson.

 

 

This is a .28 caliber revolver.

 

 

This revolver must be disassembled to be reloaded.

 

 

 

Which statement best describes this Colt revolver’s symbolic value to the United States?

The Colt revolver symbolizes American military power abroad.

The Colt revolver symbolizes American innovation and expansion west.

The Colt revolver symbolizes the American predisposition for pacifism.

 

This weapon is often referred to as the Texas Paterson. Which reasons best describe why this revolver has that nickname? Check all that apply.

Its production in Paterson, New Jersey

Its affiliation with Captain Paterson

The role of the revolver in the Mexican War

Its affiliation with the Texas Rangers

 

Statement

True

False

This work depicts a buffalo hunt.

 

 

This work is an original oil painting.

 

 

This is a primary source.

 

 

This artwork is a commissioned advertisement.

 

 

 

Based on this work, what can you extrapolate about attitudes toward Native Americans in the mid-1800s? Check all that apply.

Native Americans were revered as hunters.

Native Americans were the biggest enemy to westward expansion.

Native Americans were considered conquered and no threat.

Many Americans held a stereotypical view of Native Americans.

 

Use the dropdown menu to complete the paragraph.

This source, a print of George Catlin’s painting, showcases the Colt. The Western landscape, famous subject and artists, and mood stress the weapon’s utility for.

Indicate whether each statement about “Catlin the Artist Shooting Buffalos with Colt’s Revolving Pistol” is true or false.

Statement

True

False

This is a secondary source.

 

 

Samuel Colt is the subject of this work.

 

 

This work is a reflection of a historical period.

 

 

This is a lithograph of a painting by George Catlin.

 

 

 

Which reasons best describe why the main subject firing the revolver was chosen for this work? Check all that apply.

The subject was a soldier.

He was a famous traveler, author, and painter.

The subject represented safety.

The sponsor specifically commissioned this subject.

 

Use the dropdown menu to complete the paragraph.

This source is a print and represents one of six paintings commissioned by Samuel Colt. He chose George C

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HIUS 221 Module Week 6 Mindtap Activities complete solutions correct answers key
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Liberty University HIUS 221 Module Week 6 Mindtap Activities complete solutions correct answers key 7.3 Reforming the Young Republic Which religion rose in prominence during the first half of the nineteenth century as founder Joseph Smith preached spiritual lessons he claimed to have learned from an angel? Mormonism Universalism Shakerism Imagine that it is 1848, and you are an anti-alcohol crusader. You engage a man in conversation as he is on his way into a saloon. Use the dropdown menus to complete the conversation. YOU: Think about others when you partake in the evils of alcohol! Your loose morals aren’t just hurting yourself; the biggest victim is your. SALOON PATRON: Back off, lady! I’ve had a long day, and if I want to get a little bright in the eye, who are you to stop me? You Washingtonians are always putting your noses where they don’t belong, and I will not be brought under the influence of the movement. YOU: I am not warning you purely to cast judgment on you. My group can. Imagine that it is 1820, and you are the member of the Shaker religious movement. You are talking with a nonbeliever. Use the dropdown menus to complete the conversation. YOU: Come! Confess your sins! Attend the with the United Society of Believers in Christ’s Second Coming! Secure your salvation while there’s still time! NONBELIEVER: I’m not sure that kind of thing is for me. I’ve heard that everyone in your group. Is there any truth to that? YOU: Indeed, sir! We believe that following this path keeps the body and soul pure and aids us on our godly path. But we also believe that any man or woman of any race can attain salvation. We oppose slavery and war and actively provide support for. NONBELIEVER: Well, I agree with some of your values, but I’m still skeptical. Give me the information, and I’ll at least consider attending. What change in family life during this era created a sense of disunion that fed the popularity of reform and revival movements? Home foreclosures rose to such a high level that nearly half of all American families became homeless. Huge increases in alcohol consumption led more men to become absentee fathers. People began to move away from their parents at an earlier age. Imagine that it is 1855, and you are a member of the Oneida Association. You are talking with a nonbeliever. Use the dropdown menus to complete the conversation. NONBELIEVER: Excuse me, sir. I’m told you’re a member of that Oneida group from New York. I’ve heard quite a bit about your community. YOU: Yes, ma’am. I don’t know what you’ve heard, but it’s a wonderful place. Like our founder, John Humphrey Noyes, we believe that people can. NONBELIEVER: I have heard that, but I was also told that the group rejects marriage. Is that true? YOU: It is indeed. Members of our community are all part of. This practice seems to fascinate outsiders, but to us it’s completely normal. And it’s not something that entirely defines who we are. Much of our time is spent manufacturing silverware and working to make our community a better place. Which of these statements best represents how some workers responded to the demands of increased production with no wage increases? They seized dozens of factories, later selling the buildings back to the companies to which they officially belonged. They used the stringent labor laws of the time to sue any employer that did not provide a living wage. They formed unions and used them to take actions such as striking and lobbying legislatures. 7.5 One Long Struggle toward Equality Which of these businesses changed domestic life considerably for women during the first half of the nineteenth century? Bakeries Nickelodeons Fisheries Although women had few political rights during the first half of the nineteenth century, they influenced society in which of these ways? They strove to achieve legislative change through letter-writing campaigns. They worked to have a calming effect through medical advocacy. They tried to have a nurturing influence through social reform. Which of these statements about women’s lives and the women’s movement during the first half of the nineteenth century are true? Check all that apply. The early stages of the women’s movement were focused largely on gaining the right to vote. Women’s rights crusaders initially avoided claiming that men and women were inherently equal. When a woman married, her legal identity was subsumed under that of her husband. Despite advocating equality for women, the first women’s right convention was closed to non-whites. Which of these statements about women’s lives and the women’s movement during the first half of the nineteenth century are true? Check all that apply. The first women’s right convention was conservative, demanding equality only in wages. A woman’s property was completely controlled by her husband. Early women’s rights activists worked almost exclusively within the Roman Catholic church. The women’s rights movement in the United States began with women involved in the abolitionist movement. Which of these businesses changed domestic life considerably for women during the first half of the nineteenth century? Orchards Blacksmiths Clothiers Which statement best describes a major change in the idealized view of women’s roles in the first half of the nineteenth century? Women should be the moral centers of the home, providing a refuge from the outside world. Women should protect the home, working to secure doors and windows and practicing marksmanship. Women should go to work when their children are old enough to perform the duties of the household. Which of the following statements best describes the historical context in which the women’s movement emerged? The women’s movement emerged alongside many other reform movements, including the antislavery movement, which took their inspiration from religion and ideas of individualism. The women’s movement emerged independent of and separate from other reform efforts of the mid-nineteenth century. Religious revivals inspired the women’s movement, which chose to remain separate from the antislavery movement. Which of the following rights were not among those on the list of grievances articulated at the Seneca Falls gathering? The right to a college education The right to hold a job The right to retain custody of children in a divorce Which of the following did not occur at the Seneca Falls gathering? As a gathering exclusively focused on the rights and grievances of women, men could not attend or participate in the meeting. The participants gathered together to discuss the rights and grievances of women, which led to the creation and approval of the Declaration of Sentiments. The gathering asserted that all men and women were created equal. Which of these parallels can be drawn between the women’s rights and antislavery movements? Both were inspired by religious revivals and a new ideal of an individual’s power to effect change. Both inspired religious revivals and greater tolerance. Despite a multitude of other reform movements, these two occurred independent of them (and one another) as they had no religious connection. Which of these businesses changed domestic life considerably for women during the first half of the nineteenth century? Coppersmiths Butcher shops Farms In what way did many working-class women’s lives diverge from the ideal of domesticity in the first half of the nineteenth century? They had to work outside of the home for wages, allowing less time to spend with their families. They enjoyed rich social lives, which prevented them from caring for their children. They performed heavy farm labor, which was considered unfeminine. Which of these statements about women’s lives and the women’s movement during the first half of the nineteenth century are true? Check all that apply. The racial scope of the women’s movement began to expand when Sojourner Truth shared her story. The early stages of the women’s movement were focused mainly on women’s rights in the workplace. When a woman married, she gave up her right to vote. Reformers held the first women’s rights convention in New York in 1848. Which of the following did not occur at the Seneca Falls gathering? The participants gathered together to discuss the rights and grievances of women, which led to the creation and approval of the Declaration of Sentiments. The gathering asserted that all men and women were created equal. As a gathering exclusively focused on the rights and grievances of women, men could not attend or participate in the meeting. Which of these parallels can be drawn between the women’s rights and antislavery movements? Both inspired religious revivals and greater tolerance. Both were inspired by religious revivals and a new ideal of an individual’s power to effect change. Despite a multitude of other reform movements, these two occurred independent of them (and one another) as they had no religious connection. What did the Declaration of Sentiments contain? It included a statement that recognized the societal limitations faced by women but fell short of recognizing the equality of men and women. It recognized the equality of men and women and stated the rights and limitations faced by women in society. It contained a statement on the antislavery movement and the budding religious revivals of the day. Why was the Seneca Falls Convention significant? It was the first time women openly spoke out against the patriarchal system in which they lived. It was the first event attended and supported by men as well as women. It and other events like it, slowly convinced lawmakers to give women more rights. 8.2 Our Peculiar Institution Action State This state’s Supreme Court outlawed slavery in 1783. This state passed a law in 1787 to make private manumission easier. This state passed a gradual abolition law in 1799. Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences. As opposition to slavery grew in the Upper South, some slave owners in this region opted to. In part, this occurred due to the shift in the primary crop of this region from to wheat, a crop that required fewer field hands. Which piece of legislation was essential for maintaining the balance of power between North and South in the early nineteenth century? The Kansas-Nebraska Act The Northwest Ordinance The Missouri Compromise Action State Passed the first abolition law Passed a law in 1782 to make private manumission easier Passed a gradual abolition law in 1784 Which of the following was a concern for Southern leaders with regard to slavery in the early nineteenth century? The growing population and power of the North Federal mandates about the pricing of commodities farmed by slaves Leadership development among freed African Americans in urban areas Action State Was the last Northern state to pass a gradual abolition law Passed a law in 1790 to make private manumission less difficult Reported no slaves in the federal census in 1790 Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences. The region initially indicated that it would witness the gradual death of slavery with the end of the foreign slave trade. However, positive action would be necessary to end slavery. , a slaveholder himself, supported gradual abolition in Virginia. Which piece of legislation was essential for maintaining the balance of power between North and South in the early nineteenth century? The Kansas-Nebraska Act The Missouri Compromise The Northwest Ordinance Action State This state’s Supreme Court outlawed slavery in 1783. This state passed a law in 1787 to make private manumission easier. This state passed a gradual abolition law in 1799. Select the correct response from each dropdown menu to complete the sentences. In the North, many free African Americans created institutions such as that fostered the growth of those communities. In addition, provided relief to poor widows and children. Which of the following was a...

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