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Acct220: Principles of Accounting I Final Examination Complete Solution Required
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University of Maryland University College

Final Examination

Acct220: Principles of Accounting I

For this exam, omit all general journal entry explanations.

Ensure to include correct dollar signs, commas, underlines & double underlines where required.

Question 1: 40% points:

Flip Company's December 31, 2014 trial balance is as follows:

Flip Corporation

Trial Balance

December 31, 2014

Account

Debit

Credit

Cash

$43,500

 

Accounts Receivable

54,500

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

500

 

Notes Receivable

30,000

 

Merchandise Inventory

55,000

 

Land

20,000

 

Building

150,000

 

Accumulated Depreciation, Building

 

$15,000

Equipment

50,000

 

Accumulated Depreciation, Equipment

 

21,000

Goodwill

26,000

 

Accounts Payable

 

25,000

Long Term Notes Payable

 

75,000

Common Stock, $10 par, 2,000 shares authorized & outstanding

 

20,000

Retained Earnings

 

147,000

Sales Revenue

 

700,000

Salaries Expense

150,000

 

Utilities Expense

3,500

 

Cost of Goods Sold

350,000

 

Administrative Expenses

55,000

 

Sales Expenses

15,000

_______

         Totals

$1,003,000

$1,003,000

            Flip is a small company and records adjusting entries & closing entries only at fiscal (calendar) year end. Correcting and adjusting entries have not been recorded.

 

Additional Information:

            a. Notes Receivable is a 3-months, 6% note accepted on December 1, 2014.

            b. Long Term Notes Payable is a 5-year, 5% note, that was signed on July 1, 2014. Interest is payable annually.

            c. Building is depreciated at 3% per year. There is no salvage value.

            d. Equipment is depreciated at 15% year. There is no salvage value.

            e. Flip discovered, on December 30th, that the inexperienced bookkeeper recorded in the general journal and general ledger that day's $1,500 cash sales as a debit to Accounts Receivable and a credit to Sales Revenue.

            f. The year-end physical count for Merchandise Inventory reflected a value of $52,500. Any difference in value will not be considered theft or loss.

            g. Salaries for the last half of December, payable in January, amount to $6,500.

            h. Flip estimates that of the Accounts Receivable 5% will not be collectable.

Required:

            a. Prepare in journal form, any required correcting entries

            b. Prepare in journal form, all end-of-the period adjusting entries

            c. Prepare a December adjusted trial balance

            d. Prepare a classified balance sheet for the year ended December 31, 2014

            e. Prepare in journal form, the closing entries for the year ended December 31, 2014

 

NOTE: Students are encouraged to prepare their own T-accounts, on a separate scratch sheet of paper, and track from the beginning balance thru all journal transactions to ending balances for all accounts used in this problem. Do not turn in your separate scratch sheet of paper - those are student personal working papers and not part of any solution required for this exam.

 

Question 2: 8% points: Inventory

Flip uses the period method and had the following inventory events during January:

Date

Units Purchased

Unit Cost

Date

Units Sold

Unit Sales Price

Jan. 1

150

$7.00

Jan. 2

100

$10.00

Jan. 5

225

7.25

Jan. 7

125

10.00

Jan. 10

100

7.50

Jan. 12

75

12.00

Jan. 15

150

7.50

Jan. 17

200

12.00

Jan. 20

200

7.75

Jan. 24

150

15.00

Jan. 25

150

8.00

 

 

 

Jan. 30

75

8.25

 

 

 

Note: January 1 amount was the beginning inventory and unit value.

(Round all total dollar values to the nearest dollar. Round all unit values to the nearest penny.)

Required:

a. Calculate cost of goods available for sale.

b. Calculate the dollar value of sales.

c. Calculate the value of Ending Inventory and Cost of Good Sold under the following independent assumptions:

1) LIFO method

2) FIFO method

        3) Average-cost method

 

Question 3: 7% points:

Required: Prepare Flip's Supply Co. general journal entries for the following transactions:

Jan. 1

Accepted Flop's 120 days, 10% note, as settlement of an outstanding $15,000 account receivable for goods sold last year

Jan. 15

Purchased $10,000 Equipment from Floozy, signing a 9 month, 12% note

Jan. 25

Loaned Flam Co. $30,000 cash, accepting a 90 days, 10% note

Jan. 31

Prepared accrual adjusting entry for any interest revenue

Apr. 25

Received payment in full from Flam Co. for outstanding note & interest

May 1

Received payment in full from Flop Co. for outstanding note & interest

Oct. 15

Paid Floozy in full

 

Question 4: 9% points:

Flip Company purchased a refrigerated delivery truck for $65,000 on April 1, 2016.  The plan is to use the truck for 4 years and then replace it.  At the end of it’s useful life the truck is expected to have a salvage value of $10,000.

               a. Prepare the depreciation table for Flip’s truck assuming that the company uses the straight-line method for depreciation.

 

               b. Prepare the depreciation table for Flip’s truck assuming that the truck was purchased on January 1, 2016 and the company uses the double-declining-balance depreciation method.

               c. Compute the depreciation expense for 2016 for Flip’s truck assuming the truck has an expected life of 200,000 miles and during 2016 the truck was driven 24,540 miles.  Round your depreciation expense per mile to three decimal places.

 

Question 5: 7% points:

Flip Company has a January 15 mid-month gross salaries expense of $25,000. All is subject to FICA Social Security (6.2%), FICA Medicare (1.45%), state income tax (5%) and federal income tax (15%) withholdings. Additionally, all is subject to employer taxes to include FUTA (0.8%) and SUTA (5.4%) taxes. (Round all calculations to the nearest penny.)

 

Required:

            a. Prepare the general journal entry to record the employer's payroll liability.

            b. Prepare the general journal entry to record the employer's payroll tax liability.

            c. Prepare the general journal entry to liquidate the liabilities accrued in parts (a) and (b) on January 22.

 

Question 6: 4% points:

Flip Company at the end of the fiscal 2014 year has the following information: Credit Sales, $2,500,000 Sales Returns & Allowances $25,000 Accounts Receivable $200,000 and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts with a debit o $1,500.

 

Required:

            a. Prepare the general journal entry to record the end of the year adjusting entry if Flip uses 0.5% of Net Credit Sales as the basis for determining Bad Debt Expense.

            b. Prepare the general journal entry to record the end of the year adjusting entry if Flip uses 5% of Accounts Receivable as the basis for determining Bad Debt Expense.

 

Multiple choice questions allocated 1% point each. Make your selection by recording the letter in the answer box provided.

 

Question 7: When the stockholders invest cash in the business, what is the effect?

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  

Question 8: The ending balance in retained earnings is shown in the:

  1. Income statement
  2. Statement of retained earnings
  3. Balance sheet
  4. Both (b) and (c)
  5. Both (a) and (c)
  6. (a), (b) and (c)

Question 9: A cash dividend of $500 was declared and paid to stockholders. The correct journal entry to record the declaration is:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  

 

Question 10: If $3,000 has been earned by a company’s workers since the last payday in an accounting period, the necessary adjusting entry would be:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  

 

Question 11: The accrual basis of accounting:

  1.  
  2.  
    1.  

 

Question 12: The need for adjusting entries is based on:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  

 

Question 13: Which of the following statements is false regarding the closing process?

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  

 

Question 14: Which of the following statements is true regarding the classified balance sheet?

  1.  
    1.  
  2.  

 

Question 15: The underlying assumptions of accounting includes all the following except:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  

 

Question 16: Frick Company began the accounting period with $60,000 of merchandise, and net cost of purchases was $240,000. A physical inventory showed $72,000 of merchandise unsold at the end of the period. The cost of goods sold of Frick Company for the period is:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

 

Question 17: A classified income statement consists of all of the following major sections except for:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

 

Question 18: A business purchased merchandise for $12,000 on account; terms are 2/10, n/30. If $2,000 of the merchandise was returned and the remaining amount due was paid within the discount period, the purchase discount would be:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

 

Question 19: Frick Company began the accounting period with inventory of 3,000 units at $30 each. During the period, the company purchased an additional 5,000 units at $36 each and sold 4,600 units. Assume the use of periodic inventory procedure. The cost of ending inventory using weighted-average is:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

Question 20: Frick Company began the accounting period with inventory of 3,000 units at $30 each. During the period, the company purchased an additional 5,000 units at $36 each and sold 4,600 units. Assume the use of periodic inventory procedure. The cost of goods sold using weighted-average is:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

 

Question 21: During a period of rising prices, which inventory method might be expected to give the highest net income?

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

 

Question 22: The following information: related to the bank reconciliation of the Flip Company:

Balance per bank statement

$1,951.20

Balance per ledger

1,869.60

Deposits in transit

271.20

Outstanding checks

427.80

NSF check

61.20

Service charges

13.80

The adjusted/correct cash balance is:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

 

Question 23: In a bank reconciliation, deposits in transit should be:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

 

 

Acct220                                                                                                          Page 7 of 9

 

Question 24: After the bank reconciliation is prepared, the entry to record bank service charges would have a credit to:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

 

Question 25: Frick Company estimates uncollectible accounts using the percentage-of-receivables method and expects that 5 percent of outstanding receivables will be uncollectible for 2010. The balance in Accounts Receivable is $200,000, and the allowance account has a $3,000 credit balance before adjustment at year-end. The uncollectible accounts expense for 2010 will be:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

 

Question 26: Frick Company issued its own $10,000, 90-day, non interest-bearing note to a bank. If the note is discounted at 10 percent, the proceeds to Frick are:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

 

Question 27: On 2010 July 1, Frick Company purchased equipment for $400,000, and installation and testing costs totaled $40,000. The equipment has an estimated useful life of 10 years and an estimated salvage value of $40,000. If Frick uses the double-declining-depreciation method, the depreciation expense for 2010 is:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

 

Question 28: The result of recording a capital expenditure as a revenue expenditure is an:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

Question 29: A truck costing $45,000 and having an estimated salvage value of $4,500 and an original life of five years is exchanged for a new truck. The cash price of the new truck is $57,000, and a trade-in allowance of $22,500 is received. The old truck has been depreciated for three years using the straight-line method. The new truck would be recorded at:

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
  5.  

 

Question 30: Which of the following is not an advantage of the corporate form of organization?

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  

 

Question 31: Treasury stock should be shown on the balance sheet as a(n):

  1.  
  2.  
  3.  
  4.  
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Acct220 Principles of Accounting I Final Examination Solution correct answer keys
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Acct220 Principles of Accounting I Final Examination Solution correct answer keys Question 1: 40% points: Flip Company's December 31, 2014 trial balance is as follows: Flip Corporation Trial Balance December 31, 2014 Account Debit Credit Cash $43,500 Accounts Receivable 54,500 Allowance for Doubtful Accounts 500 Notes Receivable 30,000 Merchandise Inventory 55,000 Land 20,000 Building 150,000 Accumulated Depreciation, Building $15,000 Equipment 50,000 Accumulated Depreciation, Equipment 21,000 Goodwill 26,000 Accounts Payable 25,000 Long Term Notes Payable 75,000 Common Stock, $10 par, 2,000 shares authorized & outstanding 20,000 Retained Earnings 147,000 Sales Revenue 700,000 Salaries Expense 150,000 Utilities Expense 3,500 Cost of Goods Sold 350,000 Administrative Expenses 55,000 Sales Expenses 15,000 _______ Totals $1,003,000 $1,003,000 Flip is a small company and records adjusting entries & closing entries only at fiscal (calendar) year end. Correcting and adjusting entries have not been recorded. Additional Information: a. Notes Receivable is a 3-months, 6% note accepted on December 1, 2014. b. Long Term Notes Payable is a 5-year, 5% note, that was signed on July 1, 2014. Interest is payable annually. c. Building is depreciated at 3% per year. There is no salvage value. d. Equipment is depreciated at 15% year. There is no salvage value. e. Flip discovered, on December 30th, that the inexperienced bookkeeper recorded in the general journal and general ledger that day's $1,500 cash sales as a debit to Accounts Receivable and a credit to Sales Revenue. f. The year-end physical count for Merchandise Inventory reflected a value of $52,500. Any difference in value will not be considered theft or loss. g. Salaries for the last half of December, payable in January, amount to $6,500. h. Flip estimates that of the Accounts Receivable 5% will not be collectable. Required: a. Prepare in journal form, any required correcting entries b. Prepare in journal form, all end-of-the period adjusting entries c. Prepare a December adjusted trial balance d. Prepare a classified balance sheet for the year ended December 31, 2014 e. Prepare in journal form, the closing entries for the year ended December 31, 2014 NOTE: Students are encouraged to prepare their own T-accounts, on a separate scratch sheet of paper, and track from the beginning balance thru all journal transactions to ending balances for all accounts used in this problem. Do not turn in your separate scratch sheet of paper - those are student personal working papers and not part of any solution required for this exam. Question 2: 8% points: Inventory Flip uses the period method and had the following inventory events during January: Date Units Purchased Unit Cost Date Units Sold Unit Sales Price Jan. 1 150 $7.00 Jan. 2 100 $10.00 Jan. 5 225 7.25 Jan. 7 125 10.00 Jan. 10 100 7.50 Jan. 12 75 12.00 Jan. 15 150 7.50 Jan. 17 200 12.00 Jan. 20 200 7.75 Jan. 24 150 15.00 Jan. 25 150 8.00 Jan. 30 75 8.25 Note: January 1 amount was the beginning inventory and unit value. (Round all total dollar values to the nearest dollar. Round all unit values to the nearest penny.) Required: a. Calculate cost of goods available for sale. b. Calculate the dollar value of sales. c. Calculate the value of Ending Inventory and Cost of Good Sold under the following independent assumptions: 1) LIFO method 2) FIFO method 3) Average-cost method Question 3: 7% points: Required: Prepare Flip's Supply Co. general journal entries for the following transactions: Jan. 1 Accepted Flop's 120 days, 10% note, as settlement of an outstanding $15,000 account receivable for goods sold last year Jan. 15 Purchased $10,000 Equipment from Floozy, signing a 9 month, 12% note Jan. 25 Loaned Flam Co. $30,000 cash, accepting a 90 days, 10% note Jan. 31 Prepared accrual adjusting entry for any interest revenue Apr. 25 Received payment in full from Flam Co. for outstanding note & interest May 1 Received payment in full from Flop Co. for outstanding note & interest Oct. 15 Paid Floozy in full Question 4: 9% points: Flip Company purchased a refrigerated delivery truck for $65,000 on April 1, 2016. The plan is to use the truck for 4 years and then replace it. At the end of it’s useful life the truck is expected to have a salvage value of $10,000. a. Prepare the depreciation table for Flip’s truck assuming that the company uses the straight-line method for depreciation. b. Prepare the depreciation table for Flip’s truck assuming that the truck was purchased on January 1, 2016 and the company uses the double-declining-balance depreciation method. c. Compute the depreciation expense for 2016 for Flip’s truck assuming the truck has an expected life of 200,000 miles and during 2016 the truck was driven 24,540 miles. Round your depreciation expense per mile to three decimal places. Question 5: 7% points: Flip Company has a January 15 mid-month gross salaries expense of $25,000. All is subject to FICA Social Security (6.2%), FICA Medicare (1.45%), state income tax (5%) and federal income tax (15%) withholdings. Additionally, all is subject to employer taxes to include FUTA (0.8%) and SUTA (5.4%) taxes. (Round all calculations to the nearest penny.) Required: a. Prepare the general journal entry to record the employer's payroll liability. b. Prepare the general journal entry to record the employer's payroll tax liability. c. Prepare the general journal entry to liquidate the liabilities accrued in parts (a) and (b) on January 22. Question 6: 4% points: Flip Company at the end of the fiscal 2014 year has the following information: Credit Sales, $2,500,000 Sales Returns & Allowances $25,000 Accounts Receivable $200,000 and Allowance for Doubtful Accounts with a debit o $1,500. Required: a. Prepare the general journal entry to record the end of the year adjusting entry if Flip uses 0.5% of Net Credit Sales as the basis for determining Bad Debt Expense. b. Prepare the general journal entry to record the end of the year adjusting entry if Flip uses 5% of Accounts Receivable as the basis for determining Bad Debt Expense. Multiple choice questions allocated 1% point each. Make your selection by recording the letter in the answer box provided. Question 7: When the stockholders invest cash in the business, what is the effect? a Liabilities increase and stockholders’ equity increases b Both assets and liabilities increase c Both assets and stockholders’ equity increase d None of the above Question 8: The ending balance in retained earnings is shown in the: a. Income statement b. Statement of retained earnings c. Balance sheet d. Both (b) and (c) e. Both (a) and (c) f. (a), (b) and (c) Question 9: A cash dividend of $500 was declared and paid to stockholders. The correct journal entry to record the declaration is: a. DR Capital stock 500 and CR Cash 500 b. DR Cash 500 and C...
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