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MGSC2301 GROUP PROJECT #3 | Complete Solution
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MGSC2301                GROUP PROJECT #3 (Conf Int/Hypo Test)    


General Instructions/Information:
•    Project #3

 

•    Project #3 will be scored on a 50-point scale.


•    You are encouraged, but not required, to work with one or two partners on Project #3.  If you do choose to work as a group of 2 or 3, then only one paper need be submitted and all members of the group will receive the same grade.


•    Please record all answers on the Yellow Sheet which accompanies this assignment; 4-place accuracy is sufficient for all answers. For written answers, assume your reader is intelligent, but not a statistician.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


MGSC2301                              PROJECT #3 (Conf Int/Hypo Test)                Page 1

This project again utilizes the data set for the Bank and Trust Company (B&T); the random sample of 222 employees and data recorded for several variables:

•    Annual salary earned by the employee;    
•    The age of the employee;
•    The years of experience in the banking industry held by the employee prior to
     joining B&T;
•    The education level of the employee;
•    The extent to which the employee uses a computer;
•    The grade classification within B&T held by the employee;
•    The years of experience at B&T;
•    The gender of the employee;
•    The citizenship of the employee; and
•    A location adjustor for salary using a 1-5 scale.

Assume that you still work for Ms. Deanna V. Ashun (aka “Dee”) and that the lawsuit alleging gender bias has been resolved in favor of B&T.  But more work remains, and Ms. Ashun has asked you to complete several tabulations and calculations, excluding the CEO from all calculations.
 
 Note: Assume normality!!!
* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
#1:    (a)    What is the point estimate for the average annual salary paid to B&T
        employees in each of the six grades?
        Please round your answers to the nearest whole dollar.
        (12 points)

    (b)    For the Vice Presidents (GRADE 6) only, find the 95% Confidence Interval
        for the average annual salary.
        (2 points)

    (c)    Ms. Ashun’s boss, Mr. Samuel Pellsize, is an intelligent man, but has
        limited statistical training.  In a maximum of two sentences, provide a
        managerial interpretation of your numeric result from part (1b); this
        interpretation will be read by Mr. Pellsize.
        (2 points)

    (d)    For part (b), did you use the Finite Population Correction Factor?  
        Why or why not? (4 points)
MGSC2301                            PROJECT #3(Conf Int/Hypo Test)                  Page 2

Mr. Pellsize is glad that the gender bias lawsuit has been resolved, but does still wonder about B&T’s promotion practices.  For example, he is aware that in the sample being used, 14 out of 15 vice presidents are male.   Since many of the vice presidents are promoted from within, this leads to a concern that B&T might not have an adequate pool of female senior officers (GRADE 5).  So he wonders if B&T exhibits some form of gender bias in terms of the promotion of branch managers/junior officers (GRADE 4) to senior officers (GRADE 5).  
Note:  this is often referred to a glass ceiling for women.

Mr. Pellsize and Ms. Ashun decide to be pro-active and start an investigation.


#2:    Ms. Ashun quickly asks you for the following calculations:
    
(a)    What proportion of the branch managers/junior officers (GRADE 4) is female?
    (2 points)

(b)    What proportion of the senior officers (GRADE 5) is female?
    (2 points)

(c)    Find a 99% confidence interval for the proportion of females in GRADE 4.
    (2 points)

(d)    Find a 95% confidence interval for the proportion of females in GRADE 5.
    (2 points)

(e)    Assuming your reader is Mr. Pellsize, explain the numerical values found in part
    (2c &     2d) above – using a maximum of two sentences.
    (2 points)

 

 

 

 


MGSC2301                          PROJECT #3 (Conf Int/Hypo Test)                    Page 3

Still somewhat concerned, Ms. Ashun asks you to continue to focus on the B&T employees in GRADES 4 and 5.  She does some research – investigating other North American banks the size of B&T.  She finds that on average, branch managers in other banks get paid an average of 80,000/year and that senior officers get paid an average of $90,000/year.  She wonders if B&T pays comparable salaries.

#3:    (a)    Find the average salary for the females in GRADE 4.
        Please round your answer to the nearest whole dollar.
        (2 points)

    (b)    If:    Females4 = average salary for all B&T females in GRADE 4

Test the following hypothesis using  =0.01(Assume normality):

                H0:    Females4   $80,000
        vs        Ha:    Females4 > $80,000

        Specify if you reject or fail to reject H0.
In the context of the problem specify your final conclusion in words.
        (3 points)

    (c)    Find the average salary for the males in GRADE 4.
        Please round your answer to the nearest whole dollar.
        (2 points)

    (d)    If:    Males4 = average salary for all B&T males in GRADE 4

Test the following hypothesis using  =0.01 (Assume normality):

                H0:    Males4   $80,000
        vs        Ha:    Males4 > $80,000

        Specify if you reject or fail to reject H0.
In the context of the problem specify your final conclusion in words.
        (3 points)

 


MGSC2301                          PROJECT #3 (Conf Int/Hypo Test)                    Page 4

    (e)    Find the average salary for the females in GRADE 5.
        Please round your answer to the nearest whole dollar.
        (2 points)

    (f)    If:    Females5 = average salary for all B&T females in GRADE 5

Test the following hypothesis using  =0.05 (Assume normality):

                H0:    females5   $90,000
        vs        Ha:    females5 > $90,000

        Specify if you reject or fail to reject H0.
In the context of the problem specify your final conclusion in words.
        (3 points)

    (g)    Find the average salary for the males in GRADE 5.
        Please round your answer to the nearest whole dollar.
        (2 points)

    (h)    If:    Males5 = average salary for all B&T males in GRADE 5

Test the following hypothesis using  =0.05 (Assume normality):

                H0:    Males5   $90,000
        vs        Ha:    Males5 > $90,000

        Specify if you reject or fail to reject H0.
In the context of the problem specify your final conclusion in words.
        (3 points)

    

 

 

 


MGSC2301                       YELLOW SHEET FOR:   PROJECT #3           Spring, 2016


NAME(S):            _____________________________________


                _____________________________________


                _____________________________________

    SCORE (out of 50):        ______________________


* * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *
    
#1:    (a)    Point estimates for average annual salary by grade, rounded to nearest whole dollar:
        
Grade of B&T Employee             Estimated Annual Salary

                      1
    
            $

                      2
    
            $

                      3
    
            $

                      4
    
            $

                      5
    
            $

                      6
    
            $
    (b)    95% C.I. for average annual
        salary of GRADE 6 Employees =  [  $ _____________  ,  $ ______________  ]

MGSC2301                       YELLOW SHEET FOR:   PROJECT #3            Page 2


(c)    Managerial interpretation of (1b):  (to be read by Mr. Pellsize)

        _____________________________________________________________

                  ____________________________________________________________
     
        _____________________________________________________________

    (d)    Finite Population Correction Factor was used?         YES                 NO         

        Rationale:    ______________________________________________
    
                ______________________________________________
    
                ______________________________________________
 
                              
#2:    (a)    pFEMALE in GRADE 4 = ____________________________


    (b)    pFEMALE in GRADE 5 = ____________________________


    (c)    99% C.I. for pFEMALE in GRADE 4  =   (  _______________ , _______________ )

    
    (d)    95% C.I. for pFEMALE in GRADE 5  =   (  _______________ , _______________


    (e)    Explanation of 99% C. I. for pFEMALE in GRADE 4:

        ____________________________________________________________

        ____________________________________________________________

        Explanation of 95% C. I. for pFEMALE in GRADE 5:___________________

        ____________________________________________________________
MGSC2301                   YELLOW SHEET FOR:   PROJECT #3            Page 3
                                           _
#3:    (a)    Average annual salary for females in GRADE 4:       XFemales4 = ____________

    (b)    Hypothesis test ( = 0.01):        H0:    Females4   $80,000
                            vs    Ha:    Females4 > $80,000

        Conclusion:          Fail to reject H0            Reject H0

        Conclusion in context of problem:
    I/we are 99% confident that on average, female branch
    managers at B&T earn annual salaries in excess of $80,000.

    There is no enough evidence to conclude that female branch managers at B&T earn average annual salaries in excess of $80,000.

    I/we are 99% confident that on average, female branch managers
at B&T earn annual salaries of $80,000 or less.
                                           _
    (c)    Average annual salary for males in GRADE 4:       XMales4 = ____________

    (d)    Hypothesis test ( = 0.01):        H0:    Males4   $80,000
                            vs    Ha:    Males4 > $80,000
        Conclusion:          Fail to reject H0            Reject H0

        Conclusion in context of problem:

    I/we are 99% confident that on average, male branch                         managers at B&T earn annual salaries in excess of $80,000.

    There is no enough evidence to conclude that male branch
    managers at B&T earn average annual salaries in excess of $80,000.

    I/we are 99% confident that on average, male branch
    managers at B&T earn annual salaries of $80,000 or less.
MGSC2301                                YELLOW SHEET FOR:   PROJECT #3            Page 4
                                           _
    (e)    Average annual salary for females in GRADE 5:       XFemales5 = ____________

    (f)    Hypothesis test ( = 0.05):        H0:    Females5   $90,000
                            vs    Ha:    Females5 > $90,000
        Conclusion:          Fail to reject H0            Reject H0

        Conclusion in context of problem:

    I/we are 95% confident that on average, female senior
    officers at B&T earn annual salaries in excess of $90,000.

    There is no enough evidence to conclude that female senior officers
at B&T earn average annual salaries in excess of $90,000.

    I/we are 95% confident that on average, female senior officers at B&T earn annual salaries of $90,000 or less.
                                           _
    (g)    Average annual salary for males in GRADE 5:       XMales5 = ____________

    (h)    Hypothesis test ( = 0.05):        H0:    Males5   $90,000
                            vs    Ha:    Males5 > $90,000
        Conclusion:          Fail to reject H0            Reject H0

        Conclusion in context of problem:

    I/we are 95% confident that on average, male senior
    officers at B&T earn annual salaries in excess of $90,000.

    There is no enough evidence to conclude that male senior
    officers at B&T earn average annual salaries in excess of $90,000.

    I/we are 95% confident that on average, male senior
    officers at B&T earn annual salaries of $90,000 or less.

 

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MGSC2301 GROUP PROJECT #3 | Complete Solution
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of female senior officers (GRADE 5). So he wonders if B&T exhibits some form of gender bias in terms of the promotion of br...
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