Students are to create a Word document and answer the following set of issues in a well-researched, referenced, and thoughtful paper.
Option 1: Religion has been a major way that people around the world and across time have tried to understand themselves and the world around them. Some people feel that religion is more, or less, important than ever before. Religion has always had political ramifications. In this paper, reflect upon religion as a social institution and talk about where you think it is headed and why.
Option 2: Religion could be something that binds people together. Often it is something that instead tears people, or cultures, apart. Why is this the case? What themes are constants in all faiths? What are the major differences in various religions? Can religion be a transformative factor in the world today, and if you think so, in what ways?
The papers should be approximately 4-5 double spaced pages. Make sure to include references you used.
Functionalism is the maximum widely-used idea in current sociology. In general, functionalism makes use of a systematical method to any given item, declaring that every detail of this item fulfills an essential function, that's crucial both to maintain the stability of the gadget or for its survival. Any extrade withinside the kingdom of any of the factors affects the complete gadget. Functionalism specializes in society as a harmony of people and the manner they, as a part of this complete, are tormented by diverse social establishments. It explores faith on the macro-level, studying the impact its practices and logos have on unique components of society as an entire in addition to the concord among its factors and/or its endurance. According to the purposeful method, faith can satisfy unique tasks, for example, set up harmony, provide an explanation for and introduce diverse norms to society, train humans to address likely unpredictable consequences of sure activities; it goals at simplifying the thoughts or activities which are tough to apprehend. Extreme current functionalists even argue that faith is crucial for the survival of the human race and that it's miles the handiest manner to allow the transition from selfishness to altruism. Another awesome theorist of functionalism, Bronis law Malinowski, additionally tested small businesses to outline the social function of faith (“Sociology of Religion,” 2003). His research led him to an end that faith had a relaxing impact at the humans, mainly in annoying environment. This end result turned into primarily based totally at the truth that faith had penetrated into essential however extraordinarily hectic for people activities, which includes marriage or burial, for example. For Malinowski, loss of life had a unique importance because it supposed that society misplaced one in every of its contributors. Nevertheless, he located faith very beneficial on this instance, because it proposed comfort withinside the shape of lifestyles after loss of life. By carrying out a funeral, faith eased ache and pressure, stopping feasible social outbursts. Among others, Malinowski studied a few tribes from the Trobriand Islands, who had a unique rite carried out earlier than going fishing, which turned into their handiest occupation. This ritual helped them conquer worry approximately what may happen (as the ocean turned into an unpredictable environment), and additionally constructed unity. The researcher got here to a end that faith helped humans face the unknown destiny.
In general, functionalism sees faith as a nice detail of society, because it unites humans, allows preserve social stability and forestalls disorder. Functionalists receive that it's miles critical as non secular establishments satisfy features that society wishes for survival, developing character fashions of conduct which are useful for the social stability. Religion is likewise regarded as a reconciling degree among character as a detail of society and society as an entire. Functional method lets in people to have unique stages of non secular involvement. Contemporary functionalists, like J. Milton Yinger, additionally word that during current society faith has elevated its affect from the church environment to ordinary lifestyles, because of this that that sports formerly unrelated to faith all at once emerge as related to it withinside the humans’ minds. Religion allows pe...