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NUR 257 CHAPTER QUIZ

  • From Health Care, General Health Care
  • Due on 05 Dec, 2019 09:32:00
  • Asked On 03 Dec, 2019 10:09:22
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Chapter 5--Legal and Ethical Aspects of Health Care

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

     1.   The nurse is providing care for a client who is 18 years old. Which of the following ethical principles should be implemented for this client?

 

 

 

 

 

     2.   A client, being treated with chemotherapy and radiation for terminal cancer, decides to stop any further treatment and enter the hospice program. The nurse realizes this client’s decision is supported by the ethical principle of:

 

 

 

 

 

     3.   The care a nurse provides to clients is considered as being a benefit to their health and recovery. The principle that supports the nurse’s behavior is considered:

 

 

 

 

 

     4.   A client recovering from surgery does not want to move out of bed because of pain. The nurse explains the long-term effects of staying in bed and the benefits of movement. The client agrees and is assisted out of bed. This is an example of:

 

 

 

 

 

     5.   The nurse who bases client care actions on the principle of “greatest good” is implementing which ethical theory?

 

 

 

 

 

     6.   The nurse is preparing a consent form for a client to sign before a procedure. Which of the following statements explains a characteristic of informed consent?

 

 

 

 

 

     7.   When the nurse obtains a client’s signature for informed consent, the nurse’s responsibility is the verification that:

 

 

 

 

 

     8.   The health care team is addressing an ethical issue regarding one client’s continuing care. The nurse wants to ensure that the principle of justice is taken into consideration. Which of the following ethical decision-making modules would support this principle?

 

 

 

 

 

     9.   The nurse, caring for an elderly client recovering from a fractured coccyx, wants to discuss palliative care. The client becomes alarmed and asks “is there something you aren’t telling me? Am I dying?” Which of the following should the nurse respond?

 

 

 

 

 

   10.   The nurse provides a terminally ill client with dose of a newly prescribed pain medication. Shortly afterwards, the client experiences respiratory arrest and dies. Which of the following describes this client scenario?

 

 

 

 

 

   11.   An elderly client with septic leg wounds develops multi-system organ failure. The physicians discuss treatment options with the family but explain that success to reverse the condition is minimal. The family has decided to stop all further treatment of the client. This scenario is an example of:

 

 

 

 

 

   12.   A client is asked to participate in a research study. The client does not want to participate but does not want to seem unwilling to receive treatment for an illness. Which of the following should the nurse explain to this client?

 

 

 

 

 

   13.   The nurse caring for elderly clients begins to experience anger, guilt, and frustration over the prescribed medical treatments for the clients. The nurse is demonstrating which of the following?

 

 

 

 

 

 

MULTIPLE RESPONSE

     1.   The nurse is analyzing the main principles of clinical ethics prior to planning care for a client. Which of the following are considered the main principles of clinical ethics? (Select all that apply.)

 

 

 

 

 

     2.   A client, hospitalized with an extensive cerebral vascular accident, is unable to make any treatment decisions. Which of the following documents addresses the client’s treatment choices? (Select all that apply.)

 

 

 

 

 

     3.   The nurse is confronted with an ethical decision regarding a client’s continuing care. Which of the following approaches can be used to reach a decision for this client? (Select all that apply.)

 

 

 

 

 

     4.   An elderly terminally ill client is experiencing apnea periods and within an hour, dies. No efforts were provided to resuscitate this client. Which of the following would describe this client event?

 

 

 

 

 

     5.   The nurse reviews the American Nurses Association’s Code of Ethics for Nurses. Which of the following is included in this code?

 

 

 

 

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[Solved] NUR 257 CHAPTER QUIZ

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  • Submitted On 03 Dec, 2019 10:49:16
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Chapter 5--Legal and Ethical Aspects of Health Care MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The nurse is providing care for a client who is 18 years old. Which of the following ethical principles should be implemented for this client? 1. Liberty 2. Agency 3. Justice 4. Autonomy ANS: 4 A person who is at least 18 years of age and can make reasoned choices has autonomy and is free to make decisions regarding his own health care. Liberty is a characteristic of autonomy. Justice is an ethical principle that supports all people seeking health care receiving the best treatment available with dignity and respect. Agency is another characteristic of autonomy that means the capacity for intentional action. PTS: 1 DIF: Apply REF: Principles of Clinical Ethics 2. A client, being treated with chemotherapy and radiation for terminal cancer, decides to stop any further treatment and enter the hospice program. The nurse realizes this client’s decision is supported by the ethical principle of: 1. autonomy. 2. nonmaleficence. 3. beneficence. 4. justice. ANS: 2 Nonmaleficence is the use of ability, judgment, or skill to help someone else without intent to cause injury or harm. In this case, nonmaleficence can support the option of not providing further aggressive or invasive treatment that could cause injury or harm. Autonomy is a self-rule that is free from interference by others and from limitations that prevent a meaningful choice. Beneficence means to be of benefit to others. Justice is a principle whereby all people who seek health care should receive the best possible treatment available with dignity and respect. PTS: 1 DIF: Analyze REF: Principles of Clinical Ethics 3. The care a nurse provides to clients is considered as being a benefit to their health and recovery. The principle that supports the nurse’s behavior is considered: 1. autonomy. 2. nonmaleficence. 3. beneficence. 4. justice. ANS: 3 Justice requires that all cases are treated in like fashion. Beneficence requires that actions are of benefit to others. Autonomy is self-rule that is free from controlling influence by others and from limitations such as inadequate understanding. Nonmaleficence means “do no harm.” PTS: 1 DIF: Analyze REF: Principles of Clinical Ethics 4. A client recovering from surgery does not want to move out of bed because of pain. The nurse explains the long-term effects of staying in bed and the benefits of movement. The client agrees and is assisted out of bed. This is an example of: 1. autonomy. 2. nonmaleficence. 3. beneficence. 4. justice. ANS: 3 Beneficence requires that actions are of benefit to others even if the nurse must first cause harm (pain). Autonomy is self-rule that is free from controlling influence by others and from limitations such as inadequate understanding. Nonmaleficence means “do no harm.” Justice requires that cases are treated in like fashion. PTS: 1 DIF: Analyze REF: Principles of Clinical Ethics 5. The nurse who bases client care actions on the principle of “greatest good” is implementing which ethical theory? 1. Teleology 2. Deontology 3. Utilitarian 4. Justice ANS: 3 Utilitarian theory (part of teleology theory) means that the action must be of benefit to the greatest number of people affected by the action. Teleology is the evaluation of final causes (outcomes). Deontology is about one’s moral duty and obligation and is most concerned not with the outcomes of an action but rather with the action. Justice is an ethical principle, not a theory. PTS: 1...
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