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Math project 4- Liberty University
  • From Mathematics, Statistics
  • Due on 06 Jul, 2018 12:00:00
  • Asked On 28 Jun, 2018 07:24:50
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DISCUSSION BOARD FORUM 2/PROJECT 4 INSTRUCTIONS

When performing a hypothesis test, you must make an assumption in order to perform it. Assume that the hypothesis you are testing (the null hypothesis) is true. This assumption allows you to calculate the probability of the test results. You then use that probability to decide whether or not to accept the hypothesis and the claim associated with it. The more likely the results, the more readily you accept the hypothesis.

This kind of analysis can be used to evaluate any idea for which there are enough facts or data. For example, what about the premise that Jesus is the Son of God? Josh McDowell takes a similar approach to answering this question in his book, Evidence That Demands a Verdict (Campus Crusade for Christ, 1972).

In his book, McDowell collects a variety of information that attests to the Bible’s validity and Jesus’ claims to being the Son of God. He includes the interesting results of a large volume of research. In the section about messianic prophecy, he quotes the probabilistic analysis of Peter Stoner in Science Speaks (Moody Press, 1963). Stoner used the assumption that Jesus was just a man and not the Son of God to perform a probability analysis and hypothesis test on some messianic prophecies. In this case the hypothesis was that Jesus was not the foretold Messiah or the Son of God. He then examined the probability of a selection of prophecies coming true if Jesus was in fact not divine.

Using a selection of 8 prophecies, Stoner estimated that the probability of all 8 prophecies being fulfilled is 1 in 1017. Using the language of hypothesis tests, this means that you would reject the hypothesis that Jesus is not the Messiah for any α > 10-17. To put it another way, α > 0.00000000000000001. The smallest α that is normally used for a hypothesis test is α = 0.01. This means that you can safely reject the hypothesis that Jesus is not the Messiah or the Son of God.

For more on this, see Josh McDowell’s book Evidence That Demands a Verdict. Peter Stoner’s work can be found in Science Speaks, published by Moody press. Stoner’s book has recently been rereleased in e-book format. You can find it in the Module/Week 4 Additional Materials folder.

The references for the 8 Old Testament prophecies that Peter Stoner analyzed are listed below along with the verse references for their fulfillment. It is likely that most students in this course believe that Jesus Christ is divine, so listing probabilities of Him doing certain things is irrelevant. However, Stoner says to the skeptical, “Okay, let’s have it your way for a second. If Jesus of Nazareth was just an ordinary man, what is the probability that he could fulfill all the prophecies by chance?”
 
Old Testament Prophecies   New Testament Fulfillment
Micah 5:2     Matthew 2:4–6
Malachi 3:1     Mark 1:2-8
Zechariah 9:9     Matthew 21:4–11
Psalms 41:9     Luke 22:21
Zechariah 11:12    Matthew 26:15
Zechariah 11:13    Matthew 27:3–10
Isaiah 53:7     Mark 14: 60-61
Psalms 22:16     John 19:17–18

In Discussion Board Forum 2, post a thread that includes the following:
1. Type out each Old Testament prophecy with the verse reference followed by the New Testament verse with the fulfillment. (10 points)
2. Which one of the 8 prophecies and its fulfillment spoke to you the most? Write at least 150 words about this verse and your thoughts about it. (10 points)
3. These prophecies and their fulfillment are definitely evidence that Jesus is the Messiah. People have different opinions about whether or not there is absolute proof of this. Do you think these verses prove that Jesus is the Messiah? Write at least 250 words about your opinion on this. Be sure to explain the reasons behind your thinking. Whether you believe that Jesus is the Messiah or not, please give your honest opinion. Any honest, thoughtful opinion will receive full credit. (12 points)
4. Submit replies of at least 50 words each to 2 classmates. (8 points)

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Old Testament Prophecies New Testament Fulfillment Micah 5:2 Matthew 2:4–6 Malachi 3:1 Mark 1:2-8 Zechariah 9:9 Matthew 21:4–11 Psalms 41:9 Luke 22:21 Zechariah 11:12 Matthew 26:15 Zechariah 11:13 Matthew 27:3–10 Isaiah 53:7 Mark 14: 60-61 Psalms 22:16 John 19:17–18 In Discussion Board Forum 2, post a thread that includes the following: Type out each Old Testament prophecy with the verse reference followed by the New Testament verse with the fulfillment. (9 points) Prophecy 1 and Its Fulfillment Micah 5:2 New International Version (NIV) 2 “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,  though you are small among the clans[a] of Judah, out of you will come for me   one who will be ruler over Israel,whose origins are from of old,     from ancient times.” Matthew 2:4-6New International Version (NIV) 4 When he had called together all the people’s chief priests and teachers of the law, he asked them where the Messiah was to be born. 5 “In Bethlehem in Judea,” they replied, “for this is what the prophet has written: 6 “‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,  are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for out of you will come a ruler   who will shepherd my people Israel.” Prophecy 2 and Its Fulfillment Malachi 3:1New International Version (NIV) 3 “I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come,” says the Lord Almighty. Mark 1:2-8 New International Version (NIV) 2 as it is written in Isaiah the prophet: “I will send my messenger ahead of you,     who will prepare your way”[a]— 3 “a voice of one calling in the wilderness, ‘Prepare the way for the Lord,     make straight paths for him.’”[b] 4 And so John the Baptist appeared in the wilderness, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. 5 The whole Judean countryside and all the people of Jerusalem went out to him. Confessing their sins, they were baptized by him in the Jordan River. 6 John wore clothing made of camel’s hair, with a leather belt around his waist, and he ate locusts and wild honey. 7 And this was his message: “After me comes the one more powerful than I, the straps of whose sandals I am not worthy to stoop down and untie. 8 I baptize you with[c] water, but he will baptize you with[d] the Holy Spirit.” Prophecy 3 and Its Fulfillment Zechariah 9:9 New International Version (NIV) 9 Rejoice greatly, Daughter Zion!    Shout, Daughter Jer...
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DISCUSSION BOARD FORUM 2/PROJECT 4 INSTRUCTIONS
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