Learning is lasting change in behavior that is the result of experience. Due to social and technology development the learning environment is gradually changing. The social and technology are impacted by our external environment which becomes different in future. As everything is changing, so the learning theories are also changing along with it. Currently the research is going on for developing new theories to fit the current situation. Learning plays a vital role in life of every individual from the birth to become educated individual and effective citizen. The process of learning affects our behavior known as Behaviorism. The idea of behaviorism is that only observable behaviors are worthy of research as other abstraction such as a person’s mood or thoughts are subjective in nature. Learning is an important concept in numerous areas of psychology, educational, social, and developmental psychology. This paper will discuss about some important learning theories.
Learning Theory and Its Importance
The very first question as an educator is that how the teacher creates the setting in the classroom for the learning to take place for the children. The first article that I examined by Cooperstein & Weidinger titled “Beyond active learning: a constructivist approach to learning” states that that constructivist learning moves from experience to knowledge and not the other way around. The learning of an individual is guided mainly by four basic principles: new learning develops on prior knowledge possessed, social interaction with others increases the learning, learners construct their own meaning, and authentic tasks helps in developing learning. In constructivist learning, teachers arrange the conditions of learning in such a way that the students will learn what is intended out of it. The constructivist approach if carefully planned and structured helps the students to discover concepts and develop requisite skills. The activities carried out in the classroom helps in understanding the concepts, on basis of which students construct the meaning and learning takes place.
The next article by Clark, Threeton & Ewing titled “The Potential of Experiential Learning Models and Practices in Career and Technical Education & Career and Technical Teacher Education” author states that as per the experiential learning theory learning can take place through direct educational encounter or through day to day events. This theory has the greatest potential within an educational setting and an ability to enhance the teacher education process. The learning which takes place does not depend just on the learning style and intelligence, but also depends on the characteristics of individual. The Experiential learning provides an opportunity to provide students with richer experiences and improve student retention. People learn based on the mind, brain, school and experience. The experiential learning allows students to learn the course content in the way that best suits their learning style. The students learn through experience, reflection, application, and abstraction.
Further the students are made aware that learning never takes place in isolation. In the article I have examined by Reyn...